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“Cutting Carbs in the Transportation Sector”. California ITS Annual Meeting December 2008 . David Lively Office of System Management Planning California Department of Transportation. California Environmental Stewardship. Long-standing reputation for leadership in environmental protection.

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cutting carbs in the transportation sector
“Cutting Carbs in the Transportation Sector”

California ITS Annual Meeting

December 2008

David Lively Office of System Management Planning

California Department of Transportation

california environmental stewardship
CaliforniaEnvironmental Stewardship
  • Long-standing reputation for leadership in environmental protection.
  • New level of commitment to environmental stewardship.
  • New intensity and focus on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
california s view on climate change
California’s View on Climate Change
  • Concern with real impact of changing climate on the socioeconomic viability and natural resources of the state.
  • Increased risk for public health.
  • The costs of inaction significantly out weights the cost of mitigating greenhouse gases.
  • Policies that protect the climate have multiple benefits.
state s role in climate change
State’s Role in Climate Change
  • Global warming requires a concerted effort at the national and international levels.
  • States and regions can be instrumental in developing models and lay the ground for broader action.
california climate initiatives
California Climate Initiatives
  • SB 527: Established the California Climate Action Registry to certify GHG emissions.
  • AB 1497: Fleet Average Emission Standards. Vehicle Emissions Standards:CA is trying to obtain a U.S. EPA waiver to allow California to implement its stringent tailpipe emissions standards signed into law in 2002.
  • ·Executive Order S-3-05:Established GHG emission reduction targets and the Climate Action Team.
  • ·   1990 levels by 2020 (25% below business as usual)
  • ·   80% below 1990 levels by 2050.
  • ·AB 32: The Global Warming
    • Solutions Act of 2006:Establishing a
    • first-in-the-world comprehensive program of regulatory and
    • market mechanisms to achieve real,quantifiable, cost-effective reductions of greenhouse gases.
  • ·Executive Order S-20-06: Directs State agencies to implement AB 32.
  • Low Carbon Fuel Standard
  • * Not a comprehensive list of initiatives.
state climate action plan ghg reduction estimates by different elements 2020 target
State Climate Action PlanGHG Reduction Estimates by Different Elements2020 Target
  • Total Reduction of 174 MMT of GHG by 2020, or
  • Restoring emissions level to 1990
transportation contribution
Transportation Contribution

50-60 MMT Reduction from Transportation,

about 30%

Early Actions

42 MMT

Adopted Strategies

30 MMT

Scoping Plan

102 MMT

GHG Reduction Plan

174 MMT

the role of transportation
The Role of Transportation

Caltrans is playing significant role in supporting California’s Climate Action Program (AB 32 and Gov.’s Initiative).

Caltrans Believes: It is possible to reduce GHG emissions while expanding and creating an efficient and effective transportation system.

california department of transportation climate action program
California Department of TransportationClimate Action Program

Long Term: concern with the vulnerability of transportation facilities and adaptation measures due to climate change.

San Francisco - Oakland Bay Area – One meter sea level rise scenario

Land Slide - Humboldt County, CA, State Highway 96

california department of transportation climate action program1
California Department of TransportationClimate Action Program

Short Term: concern with the impact of transportation on climate and mitigation measures.

california department of transportation climate action program2
California Department of TransportationClimate Action Program

Objective:

·   Stabilize CO2 Emission from Transportation

Approach:

·   Vehicle and Fuel Technology

·   Transportation System Efficiency

·   Greening and Resource Conservation

ghg reduction premise transportation systems operations potential co 2 saving capacity 2020 targets
GHG Reduction PremiseTransportation Systems & OperationsPotential CO2 Saving Capacity - 2020 Targets
  • Technology Systems:
  • Fuel & Vehicle Technology
  • 25% – 35%
  • Infrastructure:
  • Highway & Roadway Network
  • Alternative modes & Networks
  • Freight and Ports
  • Urban Design/Land Use
  • 10% - 15%
  • People/Community:
  • Driving Behavior
  • Modal Preference
  • Vehicle Purchase Behavior
  • Housing/Job Location Preferences
  • Conservation

Greening &

Resource Conservation:

5% - 10%

technology is important
Technology is Important

Transportation nearly entirely depends on fossil fuel (97%).

Direct combustion of fuels accounts for 2/3 of primary energy use & GHG emissions.

Number of vehicles projected to triple by 2050.

fuel and vehicle technology
Fuel and Vehicle Technology
  • Fortunately, emerging technologies can help meet the climate challenge.
  • Greater vehicle fuel economy (CAFÉ).
  • Introduction of new fuel and vehicle types (i.e. biofuels, electricity, hydrogen, fossil fuel/low carbon).
  • Combination of both fuel and vehicle changes (i.e. more efficient hybrid vehicles).
transportation system efficiency
Transportation System Efficiency
  • Institutional change – Integrating GHG reduction measures into transportation investment decisions (mainstreaming).
  • 2) Strategic Planning: Multi Modal, Performance-Based
  • Short
  • Term:
  • Long
  • Term:

VMT/CO2

Management

  • Congestion Relief
  • Operational Improvements/ITS
  • Alternative Modes
  • Demand Management
  • Urban Design/Land Use

VMT

Reduction

governor s strategic growth plan
Governor’s Strategic Growth Plan

$107 billion transportation infrastructure investment

The SGP Targets: Performance-Based

·  Significant decrease in congestion below today’s levels

·  600 miles new commuter lines

·  150% increase in intercity rail ridership

·  310,000 more transit ridership

·  550 new HOV lanes miles

·  750 new highway lane miles

·  8500 miles of separated bike and pedestrian paths

resource conservation greening initiative
Resource Conservation“Greening Initiative”

Reducing GHG Emissions through Greening and Energy Efficiency

  • Cement Standard/ Concrete Mix
  • HWY Lighting
  • Green Building
  • Landscaping
ghg stabilization wedges

600

400

200

GHG Stabilization Wedges

SGP & Greening

18.7 MMT

Projected CO2

CO2 (MMT)

Fuel Technology

40 - 50 MMT

YEAR

cutting carbs in the transportation sector1
“Cutting Carbs in the Transportation Sector”

California ITS Annual Meeting

December 2008

David Lively Office of System Management Planning

California Department of Transportation