railway safety management systems experiences to date and lessons learned l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Railway Safety Management Systems: Experiences to Date and Lessons Learned PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Railway Safety Management Systems: Experiences to Date and Lessons Learned

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Railway Safety Management Systems: Experiences to Date and Lessons Learned - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 404 Views
  • Uploaded on

Railway Safety Management Systems: Experiences to Date and Lessons Learned Presentation to IRSC 2005 Luc Bourdon Director General, Rail Safety Transport Canada Cape Town October, 2005 Agenda The evolution of rail safety in Canada 1989 Railway Safety Act

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Railway Safety Management Systems: Experiences to Date and Lessons Learned' - niveditha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
railway safety management systems experiences to date and lessons learned

Railway Safety Management Systems:Experiences to Date and Lessons Learned

Presentation to IRSC 2005

Luc Bourdon

Director General, Rail Safety

Transport Canada

Cape Town

October, 2005

agenda
Agenda
  • The evolution of rail safety in Canada
  • 1989 Railway Safety Act
  • What is a Safety Management System?
  • TC’s RSMS Audit Program
  • Audit Results To Date
  • Lessons Learned/Challenges
  • Conclusions
the evolution of rail safety in canada
The Evolution of Rail Safety in Canada
  • 1867: The Constitution Act, (formerly the British North American Act) cites the Intercolonial Railway as part of Canada’s Constitution.
  • 1868: The Railway Act creates the Railway Committee.
  • 1903: The (Canadian) Railway Act creates the Board of Railway Commissioners.
the evolution of rail safety in canada cont d
The Evolution of Rail Safety in Canada (cont’d)
  • 1967: Board of Transport Commissioners is replaced by the Canadian Transportation Commission (CTC).
  • 1987: National Transportation Agency (NTA) replaces the CTC.
  • 1989: The Railway Safety Act transferred the responsibility of rail safety to Transport Canada.
1989 railway safety act
1989 – Railway Safety Act
  • The Railway Safety Act came into force on January 1, 1989. It established a new regime for the regulation of “railway safety in Canada founded on the principles that railway management must be responsible and accountable for the safety of operations and that the regulator must have the power to protect public and employee safety”.
1989 railway safety act cont d
1989 – Railway Safety Act (cont’d)
  • The Act called for a comprehensive review of the new regime including an evaluation of its impact on the safety of railway operations within five years (1994 at the latest).
  • Although, the Railway Safety Act was reviewed in 1994, it was also revisited in 1997.
  • The Railway Safety Act was officially amended in 1999.
amendments to 1989 railway safety act
Amendments to 1989 Railway Safety Act
  • The Railway Safety Act was amended in 1999 based on the recommendations generated by the 1994 and 1997 reviews.
  • One of the key recommendations that was retained, was to adopt a more modern regulatory regime by requiring the railway to implement safety management systems.
  • On March 31, 2001, the railway SMS Regulations came into force.
what is an sms
What is an SMS

“a formal framework for integrating safety into day-to-day railway operations and includes safety goals and performance targets, risk assessments, responsibilities and authorities, rules and procedures, monitoring and evaluation processes.” (RSA)

sms regulations
SMS Regulations

Evolution of TC Compliance Monitoring Approach

Changes in the Railway Industry (more, new railways)

Railway Safety Management System Requirements

Amendments to the Rail Safety Act - principle of railway responsibility

Concerns raised by Derailments

understanding safety management systems
Understanding Safety Management Systems

Loss Prevention Theory

  • losses are the consequence of the interaction or coincidence of a series of deficiencies within a “system”

The Safety Management System Concept

  • to prevent losses, it is necessary to control the entire “system” from which the loss can arise -- which is ultimately an issue of management policy and practices
slide11

Railway Obligations

  • Section 2 - Implement/maintain a SMS with specified components
  • Safety Policy, Annual Safety Targets and Associated Safety Initiatives
  • Safety Authorities, Responsibilities and Accountabilities
  • Employee and Representative Involvement
  • Compliance with Applicable Regulations, Rules, Standards and Orders
  • Risk Management Process
railway obligations cont d
Railway Obligations (cont’d)
  • Risk Control Strategies
  • Accident and Incident Reporting, Investigation and Analysis
  • Skills, Training and Supervision
  • Safety Performance Data Collection and Analysis
  • Safety Audit and Evaluation
  • Corrective Action and Development, Approval and Monitoring
  • Documentation
the rsms process

SAFETY POLICY

COMPLIANCE OBLIGATIONS

Enabling Components

Core Components

SUPERVISION

TRAINING

RISK MANAGEMENT

ROLES, RESPONSIBILITIES

EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT

The RSMS Process

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS ACTIVITIES

INTERNAL AUDIT / MGT REVIEW

DATA

AND

TARGETS

PERFORMANCE MONITORING AND REPORTING

slide14

TC’s RSMS Audit Program

  • Pre-Audit (Documentation)
    • To determine if the company has produced the documentation stipulated by the regulation
    • To prepare for the Verification audit by documenting (mapping) specific references within the companies documented process
  • Verification Audit
  • -To assess implementation and effectiveness
sms audit results to date
SMS Audit Results to Date
  • Some success, notably at Management Level
  • Improvements needed:
    • “Silos” vs overall systems approach
    • Risk Assessment: Need to “Walk the Talk”
      • lack of “triggers”, training
    • Involvement of Employees: better – but can improve
    • “Pass/Fail” attitude vs Continuous Improvement
lessons learned challenges
Lessons Learned/Challenges
  • Integrating SMS with existing Programs & Practices
  • A new direction for Transport Canada Rail Safety
  • Addresses organizational risk factors within all levels of a Railway
  • Systems-based thinking
lessons learned challenges cont d
Lessons Learned/Challenges (cont’d)
  • Harmonizing RSMS Regulations with existing prescriptive requirements
    • Performance-based RSMS regulations:
      • preventative thinking
      • puts onus for safety management on Railways
    • Flexibility in determining best regulatory framework
slide18

Lessons Learned/Challenges (cont’d)

  • A changing approach to Regulatory Oversight
    • Cultural change: from inspecting to auditing
    • No one-size fits all approach – recognize differences in size/nature of Railways
    • Auditing challenges: need for training & education
    • Incentivefor companies to establish/maintain effective SMS
conclusion
Conclusion

SMS leads to an enhanced safety culture – it is a journey requiring cultural change on the part of the Railways and the Regulators

questions
Questions?

www.tc.gc.ca