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Pasado Participio. Past Participle. To form the past participle, simply drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add - ado (for -ar verbs) or - ido (for -er, -ir verbs). Ejemplos: caminar - ar + ado = caminando correr - er + ido = corrido vivir - ir + ido = vivido. -er

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pasado participio

Pasado Participio

Past Participle

To form the past participle, simply drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add -ado (for -ar verbs) or -ido (for -er, -ir verbs).


  • caminar - ar + ado = caminandocorrer - er + ido = corridovivir - ir + ido = vivido
verbos irregulares

hacer (to do) - hecho (done)poner (to put) - puesto (put)resolver (to resolve) -resuelto (resolved)romper (to break) - roto (broken)ver (to see) - visto (seen)volver (to return) - vuelto (returned)


abrir (to open) - abierto (open)cubrir (to cover) - cubierto (covered)decir (to say) - dicho (said)escribir (to write) - escrito (written)freír (to fry) - frito (fried)

morir (to die) - muerto (dead)

Verbos irregulares
Most past participles can be used as adjectives. Like other adjectives, they agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify.
  • La ventana está cerrada.The window is closed.Las ventanas están cerradas.The window are closed.El supermercado está abierto.The supermarket is open.Los supermercados están abiertos.The supermarkets are open.
The past participle can be combined with the verb "ser" to express the passive voice. Use this construction when an action is being described, and introduce the doer of the action with the word "por."
  • La casa fue construida por los carpinteros.The house was built by the carpenters.La tienda es abierta todos los días por el dueño.The store is opened every day by the owner.