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The Burden of Obesity in North Carolina. Surveillance Systems and Data Source Descriptions. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). A state-based system of health surveys that collects information on: health risk behaviors preventive health practices
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The Burden of Obesity in North Carolina Surveillance Systems and Data Source Descriptions
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) • A state-based system of health surveys that collects information on: • health risk behaviors • preventive health practices • health care access primarily related to chronic disease and injury • Process of administering BRFSS: • Phone numbers are randomly selected throughout the state. • Business and nonworking numbers are omitted. • Individuals age 18 years and older are randomly selected from each household called.
Child Health Assessment and Monitoring Program (CHAMP) • A statewide comprehensive surveillance system to monitor health and risk behaviors for children and adolescents (ages 0-17). • Process of administering CHAMP • NC-CHAMP- Follow-Back to BRFSS • During the BRFSS interview, households with children are identified as part of the demographic section. • The primary caregiver (PC) who is most knowledgeable with selected child’s health is identified and an interviewer calls back within a week to administer CHAMP.
North Carolina Nutrition and Physical Activity Surveillance System (NC-NPASS) • NC-NPASS includes height, weight, a few lab measures, and limited behavioral data • Comprised of data collected on children seen in NC Public Health sponsored Women, Infants and Children and child health clinics and some school-based health centers.
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) • Designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children nationally by combining interviews and physical examinations. • Process of administering NHANES: • Conducted as a series of surveys to represent the U.S. population of all ages. • A nationally representative sample of about 5,000 persons each year across the country.
Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) • A surveillance project used by CDC and state health departments to collect state-specific, population-based data on maternal attitudes and experiences before, during, and shortly after pregnancy. • Process of administering PRAMS: • Sample of women who have had a recent live birth is drawn from the state's birth certificate file. • Each state samples between 1,300 and 3,400 women per year by mail or interviewed by telephone.
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) • A surveillance system to monitor priority health-risk behaviors among youth based on risk behaviors that contribute markedly to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems. • Process of administering YRBSS: • A national school-based survey is conducted by CDC as well as state, territorial, and local school-based surveys, conducted by education and health agencies. • Biennial surveys since 1991, drawing representative samples of The questionnaire, covering six categories of behavior, is completed by students in approximately 45 minutes in the classroom. • Survey is conducted biennially, every odd year at the national, state, and local levels for students in grades 9–12.