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Getting ANSI with FIPS Michael Ratcliffe Geography Division U.S. Census Bureau . Let’s Focus on Census Geography Workshop GIS-T Charleston, WV April 11, 2010. Terminology. FIPS: Federal Information Processing Standard ANSI: American National Standards Institute

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getting ansi with fips michael ratcliffe geography division u s census bureau

Getting ANSI with FIPSMichael RatcliffeGeography DivisionU.S. Census Bureau

Let’s Focus on Census Geography Workshop

GIS-T

Charleston, WV

April 11, 2010

terminology
Terminology

FIPS: Federal Information Processing

Standard

ANSI: American National Standards Institute

NIST: National Institute of Standards and

Technology

fips support was withdrawn for the following entities with former fips series
FIPS Support was withdrawn for the following entities (with former FIPS series):
  • States & equivalent entities (FIPS 5-2)
  • Counties & equivalent entities (FIPS 6-4)
  • Congressional Districts (FIPS 9-1)
  • Metropolitan/Micropolitan Statistical Areas & related statistical areas (FIPS 8-6)
  • Places & county subdivisions (55-3)
fips to ansi transition
FIPS to ANSI Transition

Code standards with oversight changes only:

  • States and equivalent entities
      • FIPS 5-2
      • ANSI: INCITS 38:2009
fips to ansi transition1
FIPS to ANSI Transition

Code standards with oversight changes only:

  • Counties and equivalent entities
      • FIPS 6-4
      • ANSI: INCITS 31:2009
fips to ansi transition2
FIPS to ANSI Transition

Code standards with oversight changes only:

  • Congressional Districts
      • FIPS 9-1
      • ANSI: INCITS 455:2009
metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas and related statistical entities
Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas and related statistical entities

Code structure adopted in 2003 was not under FIPS oversight

Geographic EntityLengthRange

Metropolitan Statistical Areas 5 digits 10000-59999

Micropolitan Statistical Areas 5 digits 10000-59999

Metropolitan Divisions 5 digits 10004-59994*

New England City and Town Areas 5 digits 70000-79999

NECTA Divisions 5 digits 70004-79994*

Combined Statistical Areas 3 digits 100-599

Combined NECTAs 3 digits 700-799

*Metropolitan divisions and NECTA divisions are distinguished from

metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas and NECTAs by codes

that end in “4.” Now ANSI INCITS 454:2009

place and county subdivisions
Place and County Subdivisions
  • US Geological Survey was the maintenance agency for FIPS 55-3.
  • Adopted Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) ID as standard code, effective January 1, 2006
  • GNIS ID is a variable length, permanent, numeric identifier, up to 10 digits (though none are longer than 8 digits)
fips v ansi for places
FIPS v. ANSI for Places

FIPS GNIS GNIS

(civil) (populated place)

Alexandria, VA 01000 1498415 1492456

Baltimore, MD 04000 1702381 597040

Seattle, WA 63000 2411856 1512650

Tacoma, WA 70000 2412025 1512713

Takoma Park, MD 76650 2390660 598146

Washington, DC 50000 1702382 531871

slide10
IMPORTANT NOTE: Use the ID number for “CIVIL” under the feature class to match to Census data when using the ANSI code
what will the census bureau do
What will the Census Bureau do?

GNIS IDs will be included in the MAF/TIGER database for the following entities:

  • States and equivalent areas*
  • Counties and equivalent areas*
  • County subdivisions
  • Sub-minor civil divisions (Puerto Rico only) Consolidated cities
  • Incorporated places and census designated places
  • American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian areas
  • Alaska Native Regional Corporations
  • American Indian tribal subdivisions

*Supplemental codes only; the GNIS ID does not supplant the standard 2-digit state code and 3-digit county code.

what will the census bureau do1
What will the Census Bureau do?
  • Commitment to maintain and issue new 5-digit place and county subdivision codes through at least 2012
  • Because “FIPS” is a well-known and recognized acronym, we will retain it as “Federal Information Processing Series”
what will the census bureau do2
What will the Census Bureau do?

We will include the GNIS ID (as fixed length character data) in products containing geographic information, along with the 5-digit place and county subdivision codes.

STATEFP ............................24

STATENS …...……..01714934

COUNTYFP ………………….031

COUNTYNS …………..01712500

COUSUBNS ................01929469

COUSUBFP ......................91160

PLACENS …………..02390660

PLACEFP .………………76650

Name ...…….Takoma Park

to access the registry for codes
To Access the registry for codes

For States & equivalent entities, County & equivalent entities, Congressional Districts and Metropolitan/Micropolitan Areas:

http://www.census.gov/geo/www/ansi/ansi.html

For places:

http://geonames.usgs.gov/domestic/download_data.htm

questions
Questions?

Contact:

Geographic Standards and Criteria Branch

Geography Division

301-763-3056