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Ethnic Conflict. Ethnic Conflict. Conflict between ethnic groups Ethnic groups Share common sense of identity, culture, common history Exists as a subgroup in a larger society or nation Sources of ethnic group identification History, social status, race, religion Symbols, myths, memories

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ethnic conflict1
Ethnic Conflict
  • Conflict between ethnic groups
  • Ethnic groups
    • Share common sense of identity, culture, common history
    • Exists as a subgroup in a larger society or nation
  • Sources of ethnic group identification
    • History, social status, race, religion
    • Symbols, myths, memories
  • Nation
    • Culturally homogeneous groups of people, larger than a single tribe or community, which share a common language, institutions, religion, and historical experience
structural causes
Structural causes
  • Disintegration of empires
  • Quest for self determination
  • Security dilemma
croatia
Croatia
  • Declares independence 1991
  • Recognized as independent by UN in 1992
  • Ethnic war between Croat and Serbs 1991-1995
    • Ethnic cleansing
  • Population:

1996: Croat 78%, Serb 12%, other 10%

2001: Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% %

Source: CIA Factbook

bosnia herzegovina
Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Declared independence in 1992
  • Resistance from ethnic Serbs,
  • War between Serbs, Bosnians, Croats
  • Dayton Agreement 1995
  • International peacekeepers
  • Office of High Representatives
  • Entities: Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska
role of leadership
Role of Leadership
  • Extreme groups
  • Insecure, autocratic leadership
  • Manipulation of symbols, ideology, history
kosovo
Kosovo
  • Province in Serbia
  • Ethnic composition: 88% Albanian, 6% Serbs, 3% Muslim Slav, 2% Roma
  • Kosovo Liberation Army guerrilla war 1998
  • Milosevic sends troops to Serbian population
  • NATO air strikes 1998-1999
  • Milosevic looses power 2000, 2001 in Hague
  • Kosovo: UN protectorate
  • Albanians dominate parliament
  • Spring 2004 unrest in Serb territories
    • 4000 Serbs fled
the role of democracy
The Role of Democracy?
  • Representation of ethnic groups’ interests
  • Strengthen ethnic groups moderates
  • Ideological moderation?
macedonia qualified success
Macedonia: qualified success?
  • Declares independence 1991
  • Greece objects
  • FYR Macedonia
  • Ethnic groups: Macedonian 64%, Albanian 25%, other 11%
  • Democratic, multi-ethnic government
  • 2001 – ethnic conflict broke out lead by Albanian radical group linked to KLA
  • Governments invites peacekeeping troop: NATO and UN
  • Conflict minimized