edible legumes n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Edible Legumes PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Edible Legumes

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Edible Legumes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 312 Views
  • Uploaded on

Edible Legumes. Introduction Legume Refers to plants that produce ___________ seeds in pods Members of Family Fabaceae Are in more than 600 genus and 13,000 species Many also have a symbiotic relationship with ___________________ bacteria

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Edible Legumes' - niveditha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
edible legumes
Edible Legumes

Introduction

  • Legume
    • Refers to plants that produce ___________ seeds in pods
    • Members of Family Fabaceae
      • Are in more than 600 genus and 13,000 species
    • Many also have a symbiotic relationship with ___________________ bacteria
      • Form nodules on their roots that can convert atmospheric ______________________ into a form that plants can use
root nodules
Root nodules

________ root nodules

________ nodules

legumes
Legumes
  • Only 22 species are widely grown for human consumption
  • Includes
    • Lentils (Lens)
    • Beans (Phaseolus)
    • Broad beans (Vicia)
    • Soybeans (Glycine)
    • Peanuts (Arachis)
legumes1
Legumes
  • Important part of human diet
    • Excellent source of _______________ when meat is not available, preferred, or allowed
  • Characteristics
    • Annual plants
    • _________________are contained in pods
    • Fix nitrogen
  • Some species are cool season, others are warm season plants
peas pisum sativum var sativum
Peas (Pisum sativum var. sativum)
  • Native to eastern _______________ from Turkey eastwards to Syria, Iraq, Iran
  • Probably first cultivated in Turkey
  • Were grown as early as ____________ BC
    • One of the most ancient crops
  • Fresh peas first consumed in ________
pea plant characteristics
Pea Plant characteristics
  • Cool season
    • Cold hardy
    • Plant when temperatures are above __________ F
  • Annual
  • Soil
    • Well-drained
    • Moderately fertile because excess _____________ causes large vines and few pods
      • Also poor nodulation
slide7
Peas
  • Have ____________ emergence
    • when the shoot breaks through the soil and the _______________ stay below ground
types of peas
Types of peas
  • Dried peas
    • Not commonly grown in gardens
  • English pea (garden pea or sweet pea)
    • Grown for fresh (non-dry) seed
    • ___________ harvested when seeds fully form but before they ____________ and fade in color
types of peas1
Types of peas
  • Edible-pod pea (snow peas, sugar peas, Chinese peas)
    • Grown for _________ instead of _________ Pods are:
      • Brittle, succulent, tender, fiber-free
    • Picked when pods are __________ and peas just developing
types of peas2
Types of Peas
  • Snap pea
    • Both the seed and pod are __________
    • Pick when seed and pods fully developed but seed not hard or pod not __________
haricot beans phaseolus vulgaris
Haricot Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)
  • History
    • Plant native to Central and South __________________
    • Were cultivated over 7,000 years ago
    • Spread throughout the Americas by time Columbus arrived
    • __________________ and _________________ explorers spread throughout the world
  • Both pod and seed can be consumed
haricot beans
Haricot Beans

Have epigeal emergence

Emerges in the form of a hook with cotyledons pulled above the soil surface

haricot beans1
Haricot Beans
  • Characteristics
    • Most ____________ of all legumes in respect to shape of plant, _____ and ______ of pod, and color and shape of bean
  • Can be classified according to use
haricot beans2
Haricot Beans
  • Fresh (snap) beans
    • Pods of most varieties can be eaten fresh before they reach ________________
    • Also called ______________ beans or waxed beans
    • When buying fresh pods, look for:
      • Firm, crisp pods
      • Healthy green or yellow color
      • Free of blemishes
      • __________________ from around the break when pod is snapped in two
haricot beans3
Haricot Beans
  • Fresh (snap) beans
    • Temperature
      • Love warmth
    • Weeding
      • Need to keep weeds down because snap beans have ______ root systems
  • Two types
    • Bush
    • Pole or climbing
      • Must be trellised
haricot beans4
Haricot Beans
  • Fresh (Snap) beans
    • Soil and fertility
      • Respond to well-drained, friable ________ soils
        • Loam is a very balanced soil texture class
      • Respond to fertile soils
        • Are not efficient at _________ fixation
  • Harvesting
    • Pick when pods and their seeds are ________________
haricot beans5
Haricot Beans
  • Mature (Dry bean)
    • Are harvested after the pods are mature and dried
    • They are __________ and the dry seed are cooked and consumed
haricot beans6
Haricot Beans
  • Mature (dry beans)
    • Are a wide range of different types
      • Examples: white beans, _____________ beans, kidney beans, black beans, __________ beans
    • Harvesting
      • Harvest seed when fully mature and hard
      • __________ test to determine proper hardness
        • Should barely be able to dent the seed
fava beans
Fava Beans
  • Broad bean or fava bean (Vicia faba)
    • Only ______ in diet of old world until 16th century
    • Characteristics
      • Named because of its broad, ____________ shape
      • Pods ~7 inches long
        • Contain 5 or 6 large beans
fava beans1
Fava Beans
  • Culture
    • Conditions favoring growth
      • _________ weather
    • ______ _____ growing tips when first pods form for higher yield
  • Harvesting
    • Harvested as ______ shell or dry beans
lima beans phaseolus limensis
Lima Beans (Phaseolus limensis)
  • Native to Americas
    • Name came from the seed of the large type found by a sea captain in Lima Peru
  • Hard to ___________
  • Types
    • Large seeded
      • called ____________ types
      • Originated in Peru
    • Small seeded
      • Called _______ limas
      • Cultivated by Native Americans in North America
lima beans
Lima Beans
  • Environmental conditions
    • ____________-season crop
      • Requires 3 to 4 months of warm days and nights
      • Baby limas mature more rapidly and are better grown in Illinois
    • Soils
      • Avoid soils too rich in ______________
        • Can cause lima beans to shed their blooms without setting pods
  • Include both bush and pole types