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Designing Landscapes for Sustainable Bird Populations. Structured Decision Making Workshop Atlantic Coast Joint Venture. Presentation Outline. Strategic habitat conservation? Project Goals Vision for the final products Process – structured decision making Decision support tool roadmap

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designing landscapes for sustainable bird populations

Designing Landscapes for Sustainable Bird Populations

Structured Decision Making Workshop

Atlantic Coast Joint Venture

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Strategic habitat conservation?
  • Project Goals
    • Vision for the final products
    • Process – structured decision making
  • Decision support tool roadmap
    • Defining and dividing the problem
    • Priority birds
      • Objectives – bird habitat conservation
      • Alternatives – selecting focal (surrogate) species
      • Consequences of the selection
    • Landscape characteristics
      • Objectives
      • Mapping priorities
strategic habitat conservation
Strategic Habitat Conservation?
  • Biological planning
    • Ecological context (Threats and limiting factors)
    • Selecting surrogate bird species (SDM)
    • Population objectives – SAMBI Plan
    • Species-habitat relationships – Jaime, Steve, Matt
  • Conservation Design
    • Habitat required to meet the population objectives - ???
    • Desired landscape configuration (SDM)
    • Decision support tool
      • Where will we get the best response from conservation?
lmv jv decision support tool
LMV JV decision support tool
  • One focal habitat – bottomland hardwood forests
  • Landscape dominated by agriculture
  • Goal: target populations of surrogate forest bird species
  • Primary means
    • Reforestation
egcp jv open pine decision tool

Similar projects

EGCP JV open pine decision tool
  • One focal habitat
  • Complex landscape
  • Goal: target populations of surrogate open pine bird species
  • Primary means:
    • Longleaf restoration
    • Improved management of existing habitat
    • Habitat acquisition
vision for the final product s
Vision for the final product(s)
  • Multiple habitats
  • Complex, dynamic landscape
    • Urban growth
    • Climate change
  • Goal: target populations of many surrogate bird species
  • Product(s)
    • Map of highest priority areas for each habitat type
how do we get there
How do we get there?
  • Structured Decision Making
    • Process for making smart choices
  • References
    • Gregory, R.S., and R.L. Keeney. 2002. Making smarter environmental decisions. Journal American Water Resources Association. 38(6):1601-1612
    • Hammond, J.S., R. L. Keeney, and H. Raiffa. Smart choices: A practical guide to making better decisions, by Harvard Business School Press, Boston, Massachusetts, 1999.
introduction to sdm
Introduction to SDM

Important decisions are made in any action or policy

Smart decisions are fundamental to success

Tools available to professionals:

Economics

Psychology

Statistics

Biology and ecology

Project management

Ignore basic principles of sound decision making

Not just an “art”

five core elements proact
Five core elements - PrOACT

Problem – Solve the right problem

Objectives – Describe the desired outcomes

Alternatives – Consider any reasonable actions that achieve the outcomes

Consequences – Describe how well alternatives meet objectives

Tradeoffs – Evaluate consequences of each alternative

Core of structured decision making (Hammond et al., 1999).

three additional elements url
Three additional elements - URL
  • Uncertainty
    • Understand the limits of the data and models
  • Risk Tolerance
    • Low tolerance ~ grave consequences
    • High tolerance ~ less serious consequences
  • Linked Decisions
    • Do choices made today influence choices to make tomorrow?
          • More advanced concepts
reasons for sdm process
Reasons for SDM process

Group psychology encourages conformity

Results in erroneous choices

Fail to address individuals’ priorities

Don’t explore minority views

Real decisions left to someone else

Managers provide “competent options”

Dealing with complexity -> administrators

Neglects importance of individual decision making

Overlooks diversity of approaches/perspectives