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Serpent Mound. Brittany Unger ED 417.02. Serpent Mound. This unit is to introduce students to historical landmarks in southern Ohio. This lesson is designed for 2 nd grade. Objectives. The objectives of this lesson are to: Introduce students to Serpent Mound

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Serpent Mound

Brittany Unger

ED 417.02

serpent mound
Serpent Mound
  • This unit is to introduce students to historical landmarks in southern Ohio.
  • This lesson is designed for 2nd grade.
  • The objectives of this lesson are to:
      • Introduce students to Serpent Mound
      • Teach children about the significance of Serpent Mound
      • Introduce students to the culture responsible for creating the mound
materials needed
Materials Needed
  • Activity One-
    • Book- “Mystery of Serpent Mound”
  • Activity Two-
    • Animal fur
    • Arrow heads
    • Stone
    • Pieces of pottery
    • flint
  • Activity Three-
    • Permission form for field trip
    • Chaperones
materials needed continued
Materials Needed(continued)
  • Activity Four-
    • Clay
    • Rock
    • Soil
    • Paper plates or cardboard
    • Water
  • Activity Five-
    • Paper and pencils
web sites
Web Sites
  • Activity One-
    • I will introduce the lesson by reading sections from “The Mystery of Serpent Mound”.
  • Activity Two-
    • I will have a sensory table; students will examine the items and discuss what each item may have been used for.
  • Activity Three-
    • Students will go on a field trip to Serpent Mound, located in Peebles, Ohio.
activities continued
Activities Continued
  • Activity Four-
    • Students will design replicas of the Serpent Mound
  • Activity Five-
    • Students will write a news article about their findings at Serpent Mound to create a class newsletter
what is serpent mound
What is Serpent Mound?
  • Indian burial mound
  • ¼ mile long
  • Shaped like and uncoiling serpent
  • The head appears to be eating an egg
what is serpent mound continued
What is Serpent Mound? (continued)
  • Rock
  • Clay
  • Soil
  • The mound is 5 foot tall!
who discovered serpent mound
Who discovered Serpent Mound?
  • Two men from Chillicothe, Ohio
    • Ephriam G. Squier-American


    • Edwin H. Davis
  • Discovered in 1846
ephraim and edwin
Ephraim and Edwin
  • Spent most of their time researching Indian mounds
  • Published a map to help bring attention to the mounds
  • This led to the excavation preformed by Frederick Putnam
frederick putnam
Frederick Putnam
  • First archeologist to excavate the mound
  • Displayed his findings at the Chicago World Fair in 1893
  • Became part owner of the Historical Society of Ohio
  • Helped preserve Serpent Mound
frederick putnam wrote
Frederick Putnam wrote:

"Reclining on one of the huge folds of this gigantic serpent, as the last rays of the sun, glancing from the distant hilltops, cast their long shadows over the valley, I mused on the probabilities of the past; and there seemed to come to me a picture of a distant time, of a people with strange customs, and with it came the demand for an interpretation of this mystery. The unknown must become known!"

what did archeologist find in the mound
What did archeologist find in the mound?
  • pottery fragments
  • Ashes
  • burnt stone
  • animal bones
when was serpent mound built
When was Serpent Mound built?
  • Archeologist are still unsure of when the mounds were built.
  • Archeologists use to believe the mound was built between 500 BC- 200AD
  • Re-dating this mound suggest it may be dated between 950 AD- 1200 AD
where is serpent mound located
Where is Serpent Mound located?

Serpent Mound is located outside of Peebles, Ohio.

Peebles, Ohio

who is responsible for building serpent mound
Who is responsible for building Serpent Mound?
  • Because archeologist are unsure of when the mound was built, it is hard for them to tell who was responsible for building it.
  • The mound was most likely built by the Adena, Hopewell, or Fort Ancient culture.
the adena culture
The Adena culture
  • First believed to be the builders of Serpent Mound.
  • Earliest of mound building cultures.
  • Resided in Ohio, West Virginia, Pennyslvania, Kentucky, and New York.
  • The Adena culture changed and became known as the Hopewell culture.
why did the adena culture build the mounds
Why did the Adena culture build the mounds?
  • Mounds were built to cover the remains of:
      • Their chief
      • Shamans
      • Priest
      • Other honored dead
serpent mound today
Serpent Mound Today
  • It is still undecided what culture is responsible for the mound.
  • The mound attracts people from all over the country.
  • Serpent Mound will always remain a mystery, but to some that is the beauty of the GREAT SERPENT MOUND!