slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due THIS FRIDAY, Jan. 21. Don’t forget to vote for Person of the Week! PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due THIS FRIDAY, Jan. 21. Don’t forget to vote for Person of the Week!

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due THIS FRIDAY, Jan. 21. Don’t forget to vote for Person of the Week! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 149 Views
  • Uploaded on

Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due THIS FRIDAY, Jan. 21. Don’t forget to vote for Person of the Week!. HINDUISM AND ITS OFFSHOOTS IN POST-ARYAN-CONQUEST INDIA Hinduism changes as a result of contacts with pre-existing and new Indian belief systems.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due THIS FRIDAY, Jan. 21. Don’t forget to vote for Person of the Week!' - nitza


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due THIS FRIDAY, Jan. 21.

Don’t forget to vote for Person of the Week!

slide2

HINDUISM AND ITS OFFSHOOTS IN

  • POST-ARYAN-CONQUEST INDIA
  • Hinduism changes as a result of contacts with pre-existing and
  • new Indian belief systems.
  • Later (post-Vedas) scriptures
  • A. UPANISHADS (800-450 B.C.E.)
  • (1) Introduced transmigration of souls
  • (= cycle of rebirth = SAMSARA)
  • (2) Probably composed by Brahmin priests after Aryans had
  • settled.
slide3

B. BAGHAVAD-GITA (c. 400 B.C.E.):

conversation between warrior Arjuna and god Krishna

C. The battle is described in the MAHABHARATA (codified c. 350

B.C.E.), the epic of the rivalry of 2 related families.

slide4

D. Divinities are all part of universal godhead; take different

forms (notably human, but with many arms and/or heads)

Indra

Brahma

Ganesh/

Ganesha

Vishnu

Shiva

slide5

E. Cosmic trinity:

Brahma (Creator)

Shiva (destroyer)

Vishnu (Preserver)

slide6

F. Avatars / incarnations

Krishna, avatar of Vishnu

Ganesh/

Ganesha, “son” of Shiva

slide7

G. Consorts

Parvati, consort of Shiva

Kali, avatar of Parvati

slide9

III. Offshoots of Hinduism: Jainism

A. Jain > jina (“conqueror”), after 24 jinas who conquered their

KARMAs and escaped from SAMSARA.

B. 24TH jina = Prince Mahavir (599-527 B.C.E.), “restorer” who

overcame SAMSARA through meditation.

slide10

C. Jain ideals:

(1) AHIMSA (non-violence)

(2) truthfulness

(3) not stealing

(4) celibacy

(5) detachment from material world

D. Jain monks:

white-clad,

“sky clad”

iv offshoots of hinduism buddhism
IV. Offshoots of Hinduism: Buddhism
  • Prince Siddhartha Gautama (ca. 563-483 B.C.E.) - Kshatriya caste

B. Bo tree

C. NIRVANA – union of

the soul with the

universal void

slide12
D. The Buddha’s preaching

(1) The Middle Way

(2) Four Noble Truths:

  • All life is suffering.
  • All suffering is caused by desire.
  • The way to stop suffering is to stop having desire.
  • The way to stop having desire is to follow the Eight-Fold Path.
  • (3) The Eight-Fold Path:
  • Right views
  • Right intentions
  • Right speech
  • Right action
  • Right livelihood
  • Right effort
  • Right thoughts
  • Right contemplation
slide13

V. Because of Jain and Buddhist stress on AHIMSA, the horse sacrifice was abandoned in favor of...

The “inner sacrifice” through YOGA