The support for young job-seekers from the view of labour market policy - example from Finland - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

nituna
the support for young job seekers from the view of labour market policy example from finland n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The support for young job-seekers from the view of labour market policy - example from Finland PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The support for young job-seekers from the view of labour market policy - example from Finland

play fullscreen
1 / 15
Download Presentation
The support for young job-seekers from the view of labour market policy - example from Finland
127 Views
Download Presentation

The support for young job-seekers from the view of labour market policy - example from Finland

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The support for young job-seekers from the view of labour market policy - example from Finland 27.04.2012 Tiina Isotalo Vocational Guidance Psychologist Employment and Economic Development Office Pielinen Karelia (PielisenKarjalantyö- jaelinkeinotoimisto), Nurmes FINLAND Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  2. Pielinen Karelia Valtimo pop. 2 437 Nurmes pop. 8 359 Lieksa pop. 12 585 Juuka pop. 5 453 Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  3. Young people in Finland 1/3 • In The Youth Act young people are those under 30 years and in Ministry of Employment and the Economy young people are those under 25 years old. • What is special in Finland? (source: Young Europeans, a survey among young people between 15-30 in European Union, 2007) • Harder to find a job due the lack of work experience, compared to young people in other European countries. • Young people received support from Employment and Economic Development Offices and other services - but they received very little support from employers (least from EU27-countries). • Over40 % of thoseyoungpeoplewhohaveaccomplishedbasiceducation and areplanninguppersecondaryeducationarenotready to move to anotherregionortown. (Poll made byStudentum.fi, 2012) • Engage in working life quitelateand areseldomentrepreneures. • Feelthattheydon´tknowenoughaboutworking life. • Mentalhealthproblemsareamong the common reasonsthathindersyoungpeople to proceedfurthereducation and worklife. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  4. Young people in Finland 2/3 • In Finland 110 000 (70 000 male, 40 000 female) 20-29 yearsoldwithoutpostcompulsoryeducation. • Everyyearapp. 60 000 pupils complete the basic education – 55 000 proceed to upper secondary education, but 25 % quit (resignates). • Fromeachagegroup 15 % have no uppersecondaryeducation. • App. 80 % of young people can make their careerplan with relatively slight help or without any help of others. • In Finland there are two official guidance and counselling systems: guidance and counselling in education and training institutes (Ministry of Education) and vocational and career planning services and educational and vocational information services provided by Employment and Economic Development Offices (Ministry of Employment and Economy). • Employment and Economic Development Offices purchase from private educator agencies and from private rehabilitation agencies training and for example career planning courses. Problem is that term career “counselling” or “guidance” is being used loosely, often it is not counselling at all. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  5. Young people in Finland 3/3 • The lack of uppersecondaryqualification is the mostsignificantreasonto exclusionfromworklife and society. • The Governement aims every young person gains a post-compulsory qualification. • About 17 per cent of the under 25 age group have none qualification after basic education. • The aim of is that by the end of this decade over 90 per cent of the 20-24 age group will have post-compulsory qualifications. • Alarming is that during the past decade an increasing number of young people have left school early. The challenging group is young men. Among young women aged 25, only 14 per cent have no qualification, but among men the corresponding figure is over 20 per cent. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  6. The unemploymentrate Youthunemploymentstarted to rose in 2008 (16,5 %). In 2011 youthunemploymentratewas in Finland 20,1 %, while the totalunemploymentratewas 7,8 %. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  7. The Ministry of Employment and the Economy appointed a working group to examine the problems related to young men establishing themselves in working life. In addition, the working group discussed also young people in general. (Nuoretmiehettyöelämään ; Publications of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Employment and entrepreneurship 34/2009) • Experienced more difficulties to engage in education and working life and therefore had an increased risk of social exclusion and alienation from society: • boy / young man • special needs education background (defines the rest of their lives) • parents poor educational and socioeconomicalstatus • school dropout • Conclusions: • The mostchallenginggroup to engage in working life is youngmenwithoutvocationaleducation. • Supportmustbe an ongoingprocess,whichstarts as early as possible (frombasiceducation) and continues in transition to further education and transition to work. • Critical transitional moment is between basic education and upper secondary education (age 16): support is important in this phase and it should be provided by close co-operation with local authorities. • Important to get information about working life before entering into working life. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  8. Professional developmentservices in Employment and EconomicDevelopment Office 1/2 • Self-motivatedstudies: ifTE-officeagrees, registeredjobseekercanengage in full-timestudies and receiveunemploymentbenefit plus maintenancesupport. • Labour markettraining: to developormaintain the professionalorworking life competencies (free of charge). • Vocational labour markettraining: leads to formalvocationalqualification (i.e. PracticalNurse). • Preparatory labour markettraining: improve general IT skills, languageskills, workseekingskills, educationorcareerplanningskills… • On-the-jobtraining and preparatorytraining: get to knowaboutworking life itself, preparing for working life orget to knowdifferentjobs. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  9. Professional developmentservices in Employment and EconomicDevelopment Office 2/2 • Educational and vocational information service (a education advisor or employment consultant): Information about educational options, the labour market and financing of studies. • Vocational guidance and career planning service (a psychologist specialised in vocational guidance and counselling): helps to specify personal goals and draw up a career plan that is suitable for client´s situation. • Vocational rehabilitation (vocational guidance psychologist and specialised employment counsellor): for ’disabled’ person i.e. person whose potential for gaining suitable work, retaining their job or advancing in work has diminished significantly due to an injury, illness or disability. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  10. Vocational guidance and career planning Vocational Guidance Psychologist = Master’s Degree in psychology and the permit to work as a licensed psychologist (from the National Supervisory Authority fo Welfare and Health) • Help clients as an psychologist in their • Career choice • Education choice • Problems in working life • Problems in education • Problems with motivation • Counselling, psychological tests (personality inventories, projective personality tests…), cognitive assessments, work try-outs, training try-outs. • These services are for all, by appointment, free of charge. • Accomplishan understanding what hindersor blocks clients to “move on” and help them to find a way to proceed (small steps). Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  11. The most important political means used in Finland to prevent youth unemployment and exclusion • In Finland we believe that education can help to reduce youth unemployment and social exclusion. • Critical transitional moment is between basic education and upper secondary education. • Prolongatedunemployment after vocational education is a risk factor for social exclusion and future long-term unemployment. • Social guarantee for young people • Obligationto participate in education • Wage subsidy Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  12. Social Guarantee for youngpeople 1/2 • In the year 2005 Ministry of Labour put into effectYouthguaranteefor 17 – 24 yearsoldregisteredjobseekers. Itaims to reduce youth unemployment and exclusion. • At the earlystage of jobseekingthere is an assessment of jobseeker’sserviceneeds and drawingup of a jobseekingplan (individual action plan). • To allunder 25 yearsoldjobseekerstherewillbearranged an activealternativewithinthreemonths of unemployment. • This made the youthserviceprocessmoreeffective: strongbeginning, early intervention and active and intensiveguidance. • Executionhasvariedfromoffice to office, and commitment of otherdoers and theirpossibilities to givesupporthasvaried. Therehasbeenproblemsfinding an activemeasurewithinthreemonthsorfindingactivemeasuresthatleads to long-termsolutions. • Modelhasworkedwell for someyoungpeople: youngpeoplewithrelativelygoodchances to beemployed. • Ifyoung person needsmoresupportthanaverage, modelhasnotbeensoeffective: multi-problemyouth, schooldrop-out, no vocationaleducation, problems in basiceducation, backround of specialeducation, immigrants, differentethnicbackground. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  13. Social Guarantee for youngpeople 2/2 • Ministry of employment and the economyhasdecided the Social Guarantee for youngpeoplewillbecomepermanent as of 1 January 2013. • Each person under 25 years and eachrecentgraduateunder 30 years is providedwith a place to stydy, traineeship, workshop orjob. • Service networkmustbefunctional: educational and labour marketorganisations, employers and municipalitiesneeds to beinvolved. • Workinggrouphasproposed: 1. Educationguaranteefocomprehensiveschoolgraduates: more new positions for vocationaleducation and moresupport for apprenticeships. 2. Social guarantee for registeredunemployedjobseekers: morecareercounselling, permanentestablishment of the Sanssicard, morecourses for immigrants, new forms of promotingenterprise 3. Social guarantee for adolescentsnotinvolvedanyactivitiesorneed of support: moreresponsibility for municipals, strengthening of workshop activity, empahsis on outreachyouthwork and servicenetworks. + Skillprogramme for youngadultslacking an uppersecondaryqualification in 2012-2016: the aim is to create a servicenetworkwhichwillpreventlarge-scalemarginalisationoryoungadults Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  14. Critical transitional moment is between basic education and upper secondary education • The obligationto participate in education: in order to receive the labour marketsupportbenefitduringunemployment, the 18-24 yearsoldsmustparticipate in occupationaleducation. • Thosewhohavenotcompletedoccupationaleducationmustapply for at leastthreeoccupationaleducationprogrammes (according to certainrules). Ifaccepted, theymuststart the educationortheylosetheirright to the benefit. • Oblicationhasraisedcriticism, especiallyamongyoungpeople. • Recentresearchindicates, that despite the obligation a great proportion do not apply to the vocational education (Youngsters’ entitlement to labour marketsupport and obligation to occupationaleducation; Publications of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Employment and entrepreneurship 3/2012). • An vocational education programme is commonly interrupted especially on the secondary level, but unlike common belief, the obligation to participate in education does not cause significant increase in the number of interruptions. • Research recommendations were, that this obligation should be mitigated. Instead of strict laws young people need more information and counselling. Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012

  15. Usefullinks Employment and Economic Development Office: http://www.mol.fi/etusivu/index.html http://www.mol.fi/mol/en/index.jsp (in english) Ministry of Employment and the Economy: www.tem.fi FNBE (Finnish National Board of Education) publications in English:  http://www.oph.fi/english/sources_of_information/publications Occupational Barometer: Estimated demand for labourand estimated balance between supply and demand for labour for half a year. http://ammattibarometri.te-keskus.fi/?kieli=en Guidance and councelling services for adults - national coordination project: http://www.opinovi.fi/index.php?lang=en Tiina Isotalo Pielisen Karjalan TE-toimisto 17.4.2012