chapter 9 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 9 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 9

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Chapter 9 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Chapter 9. The Expansion of Education New Forms of Entertainment The World of Jim Crow The Changing Roles of Women. The Growth of Public Schools. School once was for the few who could afford to pay private tutors Public schools gradually became more common in the late 1800’s

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Chapter 9

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 9

Chapter 9

The Expansion of Education

New Forms of Entertainment

The World of Jim Crow

The Changing Roles of Women

the growth of public schools
The Growth of Public Schools
  • School once was for the few who could afford to pay private tutors
  • Public schools gradually became more common in the late 1800’s

* Rural Areas would hire a teacher * Urban areas would teach immigrants

  • America was beginning to realize to be a well running democracy, our populace needed to be able to read and write
  • By the Civil War (1860) about ½ white children attended school, but few (2%) graduated. They needed to help out the family
  • Most attended for a few years, to learn to read, write and ‘cipher’
  • Pressure on governments to offer schools increase, as did pressure to pass laws against child labor
  • By 1910, 72% attended schools, with 8.6% graduating
school days
School Days
  • In early 1900’s, about ½ students attended one-room schoolhouses
  • Most teaching done by “rote” memorization – 3R’s
  • Only older students learned history, geography, and grammar
  • Discipline was often harsh
  • Immigrants placed a high value on education because their children would be learning to be more “American”
    • Literacy huge for children of immigrants to fit in
    • Adults often went to classes in english & civics
    • ASSIMILATION : process of people of one culture become part of another culture
    • Public schools taught immigrants about the American culture (thrift, patriotism, baseball, et c)
    • Some resisted assimilation, held to their original culture. Tried to teach their children their culture
    • Often “Americans” learned things from other cultures as well
uneven support for schools
Uneven Support for Schools
  • White and Black students treated differently
  • White and Black students attended different schools (segregation)
  • Schools for black students received far less money
  • Mexican American children were also treated unfairly
  • Few Native American attended school, those who did were taught to be more like white people (speech, dress, etc)
higher education expands
Higher Education Expands
  • Many colleges open in this era to train people for jobs that required higher skills
    • Wealthy Americans endowed institutions
    • College enrollment will double in 30 years (usually wealthy or middle class men
    • Scholarships for those with special gifts
  • Women in Higher Education
    • A few colleges will open for women rather than allow women to attend with men
    • A few coeducational institutions will open (often faced prejudice)
    • Few scholarships available, harder to get to college
    • Fewer jobs once college completed
  • African Americans in Higher Education
    • Despite discrimination/segregation, African Americans wanted to go to college
    • Few accepted blacks, so black colleges began to open
    • These allowed African Americans to become doctors, lawyers, engineers, etc
    • Like women, often had difficulty finding jobs when they graduated
2 perspectives on african american education
2 Perspectives on African American Education
  • Booker T. Washington
    • Founded Tuskeegee Institute, a college for African Americans
    • Taught skills and attitudes he believed African Americans needed to succeed in the white world
    • Urged then to put aside their drive for equality for the time and work to gain economic independence – equality would follow
  • W.E.B. DuBois - first African American to earn a doctorate from Harvard
    • Rejected Washington’s philosophy
    • Urged the brightest African Americans to step forward and demand equality
    • Urged the brightest to develop “education beyond sympathy”
    • Pushed them to be proud of the heritage (not see themselves as white saw them)
    • 1905 – DuBois helped found the Niagara Movement - a group of African Americans that called for full civil liberties, an end to racial discrimination
    • Became first director of the NAACP and worked the rest of his life fighting for equality and an end to segregation
new forms of entertainment
New Forms of Entertainment
  • Vaudeville & Minstrel Shows
new forms of entertainment2
New Forms of Entertainment
  • The Circus
  • Amusement Parks
what people were reading now that they could read
What People were ReadingNow that they could read
  • Newspapers – always a source of news, now a source of entertainment
    • Sports, Comics, Scandal, pictures used to sell copies
    • Yellow Journalism – reported scandal, vice, anything to sell a newspaper
      • Usually exaggerated, often outright lies
    • Joseph Pulitzer – used his papers to expose evils in the world from his point of view. Often exaggerated, half-truths used to sell
    • Randolph Hearst – used yellow journalism to sell copies
    • Critics said yellow journalism intruded into peoples’ lives and, at best, distorted the truth, without regard to damages caused
  • Magazines – written to fit individual interests
    • Lady’s Home Journal, Hunting, etc
    • Often used to tell stories (rags to riches, crime, etc)
  • Popular Fiction – “dime novels”
    • Inexpensive books sold to masses – some serious, some not so much
    • Huck Finn (Mark Twain), The Jungle(Upton Sinclair)
    • Stories of explorers out west, cross the world
    • Romances
musical diversions
Musical Diversions
  • The Negro Spirituals
  • Ragtime and Jazz
  • Music at Home
ch 9 test essays pick 2 of 3
Ch 9 Test Essays – pick 2 of 3
  • How did Plessey v. Ferguson contribute/help in denying equal rights for African Americans?
  • Compare/Contrast the ideas/philosophies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois.
  • What methods did women use to gain a stronger voice in social and political affairs during the Gilded Age?