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ABC Mosquito Control. Dr Kevin Gorman Oxitec Ltd, UK.

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Abc mosquito control

ABC Mosquito Control

Dr Kevin Gorman

Oxitec Ltd, UK

The views and opinions expressed in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of WSAID, The Miami Science Museum or any agency in Florida or the U.S. government. There have been limited field trials with this technique. Assumptions made within the presentation are not reflective of the position of WSAID, the Miami Science Museum, the Florida government or any U.S. government entity.


Abc mosquito control

background

What is the most dangerous animal on earth?


Abc mosquito control

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A shark?

A lion?

A venomous snake?


Abc mosquito control

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No - it’s the mosquito!


Abc mosquito control

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Mosquitoes kill over

1 million people in the

world every year…


Abc mosquito control

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...they have a huge impact on human health


Abc mosquito control

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Mosquito borne diseases:


Abc mosquito control

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Mosquito borne diseases:

Malaria


Abc mosquito control

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Mosquito borne diseases:

Dengue


Abc mosquito control

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Mosquito borne diseases:

Yellow fever


Abc mosquito control

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Mosquito borne diseases:

Chikungunya


Abc mosquito control

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Mosquito borne diseases:

Japanese encephalitis


Abc mosquito control

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Mosquito borne diseases:

and many more!


Abc mosquito control

the problem

So how do we usually control mosquitoes?


We put insecticides in the water

the problem

We put insecticides in the water


And spray chemicals in the air

the problem

…and spray chemicals in the air


Abc mosquito control

the problem

We spray some more…


Abc mosquito control

the problem

Photo courtesy of Nathan Benn

and some more…


Abc mosquito control

the problem

…but Dengue is still increasing!


Abc mosquito control

the problem

2.5 billion people in the world

are at risk


Abc mosquito control

the problem

No vaccine

No medication


Abc mosquito control

the solution

We CAN do better…

…a solution is ready


Abc mosquito control

the solution

We can use ABC


Abc mosquito control

the solution

AutocidalBiological Control

The pest controls itself!


Abc mosquito control

the solution

Male mosquitoes do not bite

or spread disease

Only

females do…


Abc mosquito control

the solution

We can genetically change males…

…so they carry a lethal gene

TET

…and so we

can recognise them


Abc mosquito control

the solution

Wild x Wild


Abc mosquito control

the solution

Transgenic x Wild


Abc mosquito control

the solution

More transgenic male mosquitoes means faster control

No treatment

Population

More

sterile males

Sterile males

Time


Abc mosquito control

the solution

It is effective


Abc mosquito control

the solution

Transgenic males mate only with wild female mosquitoes…of the same species

…other species

are unaffected


Abc mosquito control

the solution

It is effective

and environmentally friendly


Abc mosquito control

the solution

A breakthrough in genetics providing a simple, effective and sustainable solution