Reporting to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
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Reporting to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. Brinda Wachs Environmental and Human Settlements Division. UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE. Reporting to the LRTAP Convention. What is reported to the Convention? What are the mandates for reporting?

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United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution

Brinda Wachs

Environmental and Human Settlements Division

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • What is reported to the Convention?

  • What are the mandates for reporting?

  • Emissions reporting

  • Strategies and policies reporting

  • What are the outputs?

  • Compliance issues

  • CAPACT project: EECCA countries and obstacles to reporting

  • Conclusions!

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • What is reported to the Convention?

    • Emissions and their sources

    • Strategies and policies for air pollution abatement

    • Abatement technologies and costs

    • Depositions and concentrations

    • Critical loads for pollutants and effects on human health and ecosystems

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • What are the mandates for reporting under the Convention and its Protocols?

    • 1979 Convention and 8 Protocols in force (SO2, NOx, VOCs, POPs, HMs…)

    • 7 have provisions for reporting

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Emission reporting:

    • Parties submit annual emission data gathered from enterprises and regional authorities to the secretariat

    • Secretariat forwards data to scientific centres for verification and review

    • Secretariat provides data to Implementation Committee


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Helping Parties report Emissions:

    • Emission Reporting Guidelines provides nomenclatures of source categories

    • EMEP/CORINAIR Guidebook provides emission factor information by source

    • Interactive software (REPDAB) allows Parties to check submission before sending to secretariat


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Strategies and policies reporting:

    • Parties fill out Internet-based questionnaire every two years

    • Compliance-related questions on each Protocol to demonstrate compliance

    • Evey fourth year: general information on strategies, policies and programmes


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • What are the outputs?

    • Strategies & Policies publication

    • Summary reports to Implementation Committee to help determine compliance

    • Press releases, website, Newsletter

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE



United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Compliance issues:

    • Emission data quality: new inventory improvement programme

    • Strategies and policies: improvements to questionnaire and in-depth legal review

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Questionnaire to EECCA countries: obstacles to ratification and technical assistance needs

    • Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgystan, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine

    • Focus on POPs, Heavy Metals and Gothenburg (multi-pollutant) Protocols


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Obstacles to ratification:

    • Difficulties in meeting obligations for research, reporting, and monitoring

    • Lack of effective programmes for emission controls

    • Need better emission inventory, reporting and monitoring systems


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Technical assistance needs

    • Improvement of emission reporting and development of methods for projections

    • Methods for evaluation and projections of POPs, risk assessment and regulation of PCBs, dioxins and furans


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Technical assistance needs

    • Capacity-building: monitoring and modelling of concentrations and deposition of pollutants regulated by protocols

    • Development of national action plans for reduction of emissions of POPs, VOCs and the impact of ground-level ozone


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • Capacity Building for Air Quality Management and the Application of Clean Coal Combustion Technologies in Central Asia (CAPACT)

    • Linking European and Asian air monitoring and evaluation programmes

    • Training Workshop on air monitoring, data reporting and modelling (2006)

    • Implementation Guides explaining reporting under the Convention


United nations economic commission for europe

Reporting to the LRTAP Convention Pollution

  • CONCLUSIONS:

    • Parties to Convention must meet underlying obligations (to reduce emissions) as well as reporting obligations!

    • Secretariat, scientific centres and XGs help Parties with reporting obligations!

    • Technical assistance for EECCA countries needed: emission inventories, projections and monitoring! CAPACT a good start!


United nations economic commission for europe

CONVENTION WEB SITE: Pollution

http://www.unece.org/env/lrtap

CAPACT WEB SITE:

http://www.unece.org/ie/capact/

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE