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Terrorism Today. WHAT IS TERRORISM????. Threat or use of violence For a Political Purpose Targets Civilians Manipulate with fear . Strategies. Asymmetrical Create impression of being unsafe, impotence of government Media Events. September 11, 2001. A Global Jihad. London July 7, 2005.

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what is terrorism
WHAT IS TERRORISM????
  • Threat or use of violence
  • For a Political Purpose
  • Targets Civilians
  • Manipulate with fear
strategies
Strategies
  • Asymmetrical
  • Create impression of being unsafe, impotence of government
  • Media Events
a global jihad
A Global Jihad

London

July 7, 2005

Spain, March 11, 04

London Knifing

May, 2013

Bali Night Club Oct. 2000

life in the new iran

Iran becomes Islamic theocratic “democratic” dictatorship

    • Religious Police roam Iran and Revolutionary courts execute dissenters.
  • State Funding of Terror
    • Killing of 244 Marines by Hezbollah in Lebanon, IED’s in Iraq, proxy wars with Israel
Life in the New Iran
modernization or terror egyp t

After Sadat killed by Muslim Brotherhood, military coup puts Mubarak in power.

    • Tough on Islamist threat to build Sunni Caliphate
  • 2012 – Uprising brings Muslim Brotherhood to power.
    • Coup unseats them in 2013
Modernization or terror: Egypt
add in women s rights issues
Add in Women’s Rights Issues
  • Depends on the interpretation of Shari’ahin each state
    • Issues in Some Places:
      • Wearing of Headscarf
      • Access to education, healthcare, politics
      • Forced Circumcision
      • Honor Killings & Acid Attacks
  • Are Women’s Rights Western Rights?
revival of the hijab
Revival of the Hijab
  • In the Middle East, a sign of resistance against Western Imperialism & Pride in Muslim faith & culture
different types

The Hijab

    • Scarf over head
  • The Niqab
    • Full face Veil
Different Types
quran s view of the veil
Quran’s View of the Veil
  • Doesn’t mandate women to cover their heads
  • Tells women to follow God’s commandment & follow the “correct standard of modesty”.
islamic society
Islamic Society
  • Governed by Shari-ah Law
    • Regulates all aspects of life
      • Food, Gambling, Sex, family

business and government

    • INTERPRETED BY SCHOLARS!!!
how should the region proceed two roads diverge in the sand
How should the region proceed?Two roads diverge in the sand
  • ON THE ONE HAND…
    • Political Islam / Islamism
      • Shari’ah Law based in the Quran
      • Islamic democratic Theocracies
      • Reject the West

RESIST THE WEST THAT HAS OPPRESSED THE PEOPLE

on the other hand secular islamic democracies
On the Other Hand:secular Islamic democracies
  • THANKS TO ATATURK in Turkey
    • Separates Church and State
    • Women’s Rights (1934- Women Vote)
    • Freedom of Religion
    • New Dress codes (Fez and Veil outlawed)
    • Roman Alphabet
the us invades afghanistan
The US Invades Afghanistan
  • Strategic blunder of Al Qaeda???
  • Taliban forced into mountains and Bin Laden went into hiding
back in iraq gulf war ii
Back in Iraq - Gulf War II
  • Post 9/11, Bush vows to stop rogue nations and terrorism
  • West thought Hussein developing a bio/chem/nuclear program, told to allow inspectors.
the war democracy
The War & Democracy?
  • March, 2003, US & allies invade Iraq. 28 days long
  • Jan, 2005 – first fully elected govn’t
  • 2006-get constitution
  • April 23, 2006- Nouri al-Maliki elected PM
insurgency
Insurgency
  • Immediately after fall of Saddam
    • US not greeted by flowers
    • NO WMD’s FOUND!!!
  • Ex-Ba’athists & “Al-Qaeda in Iraq” under Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
the dictator gone what now
The Dictator Gone… what now?
  • Hanged 29 December 2006
  • Over 4,000 dead US soldiers as of June. ’08
  • Intense Shiite-Sunni Violence with torture and ethnic cleansing
the future
The Future
  • Can the Sunni triangle join in the democracy?
  • Can the three Iraqs (Sunnis, Shiites & Kurds) unite into one people
  • Can we stop theocracy and Civil War?

KURD

SUNNI

SHIITE

a new battlefield
A New Battlefield
  • Fleeing Afghanistan, Taliban moved into NW Pakistan.
  • Pakistan let Taliban administer tribal regions with Shariah
  • Now at war as Taliban extended
  • PAKISTAN HAS NUCLEAR WEAPONS!

TEENAGE DRUGGED UP SUICIDE BOMBERS

a new approach
A New Approach
  • Pres. Obama’s changes
    • Vow to leave Iraq by 2010 (Let Iraqis deal with Iraqi problems)
    • Vow to close Guantanamo Prison (makes Muslims angry)
    • Won’t say “Islamic Terror”, but “radicals”
    • Dialogue, not military
arab spring

Started in 2010 when a 26-year-old man, Mohamed Bouazizi, set himself on fire after he was humiliated by the police

  • Protests, sparked by this, started all over Tunisia which then spread to all of the Middle East very quickly
    • And with the help of Facebook and cellphones
  • Egypt becomes the face of the Spring because they forced President Honsi Mubarak to step down and broadcast much of the revolution on Facebook
    • A free election was held in November 2011 but protests still continue in Tahrir Square
  • While many countries have overthrown their gov’ts there is still much fighting going on in the region
Arab Spring