Philosophy and Theory of Vernacular Architecture arch 520 Archeological in vernacular architecture Prepared by : MarjanehKhorsand Student no:095122
Archeological in vernacular architecture • are often perceived as being the discovery of architectural firsts,the the seriation of changing architectural styles for purposes of dating,and the excavation and recording of ruined structure in sufficient detail to allow accurate reconstruction • Primary goal of archeological investigation of architecture • Cognitiveanthropology, architecture • , sociology and environmental psychology,ethnographic analogy. • archeologist start to access new perspectives on the study of which vernacular architecture developed in • Demonstrate the persistence of domestic architecture,village plan or settlment pattern or may reveal dramatic changes that have transformed social organization and the corresponding built environment • Archeological studies
Settlement archeology • The study of vernacular architecture is subsumed under the general title of settlement archeology ,it means it referred the study of prehistoric settlement pattern.also it is moving towards multidisciplinary approaches which combine cross cultural anthropological studies on the use of space and built environment with cognitive and social approaches • In the modern • scienceof archeology • On the nature and distribution of dwellings and associated structuresat various spatial scales or level of resolution also they found information on past human spatial behavior through the study of spatial relationships among architecture units , artefacts , features , routs and resources • focuses • Settlement archeology
households • Household • It is the basic social and economic unit of human organization. It represents the minimum social group with maximum corporate function and activities. • A primary task of settlement archeology that deals with households • define • The plentiful sets of activity areas and facilities that make up individual households, and to link changes or variation in the patterns to socio economic differentiation and changes • Archeologist are now refining functional interpretation • Making fuller use of architectural attributes such as relative size of rooms and their layout,room accessibility, distinctive features and construction material • By
Archeological studying contemporary villages in Iran have utilized architectural attribute of size , design decorate architectural patterns related to the size of ancient families against relative family wealth or economic and social status. • The stability of residence is another attribute of settlement patterns that is of particular interest to archeological. • Cultural continuity , ethno historic documents and verbal tradition often allow archeologists to interpret vernacular architecture via the application of known symbolic principle that underlie the ordering of space in domestic setting • Archeologist can follow the origin of symbolic principles back through time.
communities • communities • represent • A mass of households unified both spatiallyand functionally by shared facilities and services • With the archeological study of households • Communities and their functional components must be defined by archeologists through interpretation of material remains • The interpretation of prehistoric city structure • Has often been aided by the application of formal models developed in geography and sociology • Linguistic analytical frame work adapted by archeologist • defined • Culturally specific rules of spatial grammar as expressed in vernacular architecture
regions • Archeological investigation of vernacular architecture is often undertaken within a regional context. • Physical regions • physically • Bounded by mountain ranges. • defined • Culturall regions • The regions • culturally • Defined by share traits of ceramics and vernacular architecture. • Functional regions • Defined in reference to the extent of political control or economic interaction. • functionally • Regional studies in archeology examine the spatial relationship among sites , the distribution of artefacts and the associations between sites and natural resources