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Exploring Islam and Christianity. Exploring the Bible and the Qur’an. I. Introduction to the Bible and the Qur’an. Bible Stats:. Bible – biblios – “book” or “The Book” 40 writers over 1500 years. 66 books: 39 O.T. & 27 N.T. 3 languages: Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic.

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bible stats
Bible Stats:
  • Bible – biblios – “book” or “The Book”
  • 40 writers over 1500 years.
  • 66 books: 39 O.T. & 27 N.T.
  • 3 languages: Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic.
  • NO Contradictions – It is Truth.
the bible
The Bible:

Inspired by the Holy Spirit

slide6

But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.

2 Peter 1:20-21

al qur an stats
Al-QUR’AN Stats:
  • QUR’AN means “Recitation”
  • 1 author, over 20 years in Arabic.
slide8

Surah 17: 105-106

We have sent it down with truth, and with truth has (the QUR’AN) come down. And We have sent you only to give good news and to warn. We have divided the QUR’AN into parts that you may recite it to men slowly, with deliberation. That is why we sent it down by degrees.

al qur an stats1
Al-QUR’AN Stats:
  • QUR’AN – “Recitation”
  • 1 author, over 20 years in Arabic.
  • 2 locations: Mecca & Medina
  • Composed of 114 Surahs, varying lengths.
  • Ordered from longest to shortest, NOT chronologically.
al qur an
Al-QUR’AN

Muhammad’s revelation came by Angel Gabriel.

slide11

Surah 2:97

Say: “Whosoever is the enemy of Gabriel who revealed the word of God to you by the dispensation of God, reaffirming what had been revealed before, and is a guidance and good news for those who believe.

the bible1
The Bible:

Inspired by the Holy Spirit

N.T. claims the final, authoritative Revelation

slide13

I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel; which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you, and want to distort the gospel of Christ. But even though we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to that which we have preached to you, let him be accursed.”

Galatians 1: 6-8

al qur an1
Al-QUR’AN

Muhammad’s revelation came by Angel Gabriel.

It claims to respect previous scripture yet asserts superiority.

slide15

Surah 3:3

He has verily revealed to you this Book, in truth and confirmation of the Books revealed before, as indeed He revealed the Torah and the Gospel

slide16

Surah 2:136

Say: “We believe in God and what has been sent down to us, and what had been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and their progeny, and that which was given to Moses and Christ, and to all other prophets by the Lord. We make no distinction among them, and we submit to Him.”

slide17

Surah 9:33

It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the true faith in order to make it superior to other systems of belief, even though the idolaters may not like it.

slide18

Surah 47:2

But those who believe and do the right, and believe what has been revealed to Muhammad, which is the truth from their Lord, will have their faults condoned by Him and their state improved.

slide20

Surah 3:3

He has verily revealed to you this Book, in truth and confirmation of the Books revealed before, as indeed He revealed the Torah and the Gospel

islamic doctrine of tahrif
Islamic doctrine of “tahrif”
  • The corruption of Jewish & Christian scriptures.
  • Jews/ Christians disregarded and polluted their scriptures, “Allah’s” word
slide22

Surah 22:52

We have sent no messenger or apostle before you with whose recitations Satan did not tamper. Yet God abrogates what Satan interpolates; then He confirms His revelations, for God is all-knowing and all-wise.

jews christians
Jews/ Christians…

Concealed,

… The word of “Allah”

surah 3 71
Surah 3:71

O people of the Book, why do you mix the false with the true, and hide the truth knowingly?

jews christians1
Jews/ Christians…

Concealed,

Verbally distorted,

… The word of “Allah”

surah 3 78
Surah 3:78

Among them is a section which distorts in reading the Scripture in a way that though it sounds like the Scripture, in fact it is not; and they lie about God, and knowingly.

jews christians2
Jews/ Christians…

Concealed,

Verbally distorted,

Don’t believe

… The word of “Allah”

surah 2 85b
Surah 2:85b

Do you, then, believe a part of the Book and reject a part? There is no other award for them who so act but disgrace in the world and on the Day of Judgment the severest of punishment; for God is not heedless of all that you do.

jews christians3
Jews/ Christians…

Concealed,

Verbally distorted,

Don’t believe

Ignorant

… The word of “Allah”

surah 2 78
Surah 2:78

Among them are heathens who know nothing of the Book but only what they wish to believe, and are only lost in fantasies.

surah 7 157
Surah 7:157

Who follow the Messenger, the gentile Prophet, described in the Torah and the Gospel, who bids things noble and forbids things vile… Those who believe and honor and help him, and follow the light sent with him, are those who will attain their goal.”

arabians that responded
Arabians That Responded…

Given a religion: Islam

surah 5 3
Surah 5:3

Today the unbelievers have lost every hope of (despoiling) your creed; so do not fear them, fear Me. Today I have perfected your system of belief and bestowed My favors upon you in full, and have chosen submission (al-Islam) as the creed for you.

arabians that responded1
Arabians That Responded…

Given a religion: Islam

Given a name: Muslim

surah 22 78
Surah 22:78

He named you Muslim earlier, and in this (QU’RAN), in order that the Prophet be witness over you, and you be witness over mankind.

arabians that responded2
Arabians That Responded…

Given a religion: Islam

Given a name: Muslim

Given a book: QUR’AN

slide38

Surah 3:3

He has verily revealed to you this Book, in truth and confirmation of the Books revealed before, as indeed He revealed the Torah and the Gospel

surah 10 37
Surah 10:37

This QUR’AN is not such (a writ) as could be composed by anyone but God. It confirms what has been revealed before, and is an exposition of (Heaven’s) law. Without any doubt it’s from the Lord of all the worlds.

surah 12 1 3
Surah 12:1-3

These are the verses of the immaculate Book. We have sent it down as a clear discourse that you may understand. Through the revelation of the QUR’AN We narrate the best of histories of which you were unaware before.

surah 9 33
Surah 9:33

It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the true faith in order to make it superior to other systems of belief, even though the idolaters may not like it.

surah 26 192 195
Surah 26:192, 195

And this (QUR’AN) is a revelation from the Lord of all the worlds…In eloquent Arabic

surah 16 103
Surah 16:103

Yet We know what they say: “It is only a man who instructs him.” The speech of the man they imply is obscure while this is clear Arabic.

islamic doctrine of ijaz al qur an
Islamic doctrine of “ijaz al-Qur’an”
  • Means “uncreated”
  • Text of QUR’AN is eternal, existing in Paradise
  • Inscribed on Tablets
  • Perfect, Infallible, Unchangeable
surah 85 21 22
Surah 85:21-22

This is indeed the glorious Qur’an

(Preserved) on the guarded tablet.

surah 41 41 42
Surah 41:41-42

Those who reject the Reminder when it has come to them (should know) that it is a Book inviolate. Falsehood cannot enter it from any side: It’s a revelation from the all-wise and praiseworthy (God).

surah 19 27 28

False Statement

Surah 19:27-28

Then she brought the child to her people. They exclaimed: “O Mary, you have done a most astonishing thing! O sister of Aaron, your father was not a wicked person, nor your mother sinful!”

slide49

Surah 50:38

Contradiction

We created the heavens and the earth and all that lies between them, in Six Days, and no weariness came upon Us.

slide50

Surah 41:9, 12

Contradiction

Say: “Do you refuse to believe in Him who created the earth in Two Days?”

…He completed them as seven firmaments in Two Days, and He assigned to each heaven its duty and command.

slide51

Surah 3:85

Contradiction

And whoever seeks a way other than submission to God, it will not be accepted from him, and he will be a loser in the world to come.

slide52

Surah 2:62

Contradiction

Surely the believers and the Jews, Nazareans (Christians) and the Sabians, whoever believes in God and the Last Day, and whosever does right, shall have his reward with his Lord and will neither fear nor regret.

islamic doctrine of abrogation
Islamic doctrine of Abrogation
  • “When we cancel a message (sent to an earlier prophet) or to throw it into oblivion, We replace it with one better or one similar. Do you not know that God has power over all things?” (Surah 2:106)
slide54

Surah 16:101

Abrogation

When we replace a message with another – and God knows best what He reveals – they say: “You have made it up;” yet most of them do not know.

the god of the bible
The God of the Bible…
  • Ps 119:89: “Forever, O LORD, Your word is settled in heaven.”
  • Matt 24:35: “Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.”
  • John 10:35: “…(and the Scripture cannot be broken)…”
  • 1 Cor 14:33: “For God is not the author of confusion but of peace, as in all the churches of the saints.”
slide56

I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel; which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you, and want to distort the gospel of Christ. But even though we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to that which we have preached to you, let him be accursed.”

Galatians 1: 6-8