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We The People: What Did The Founders Think About Constitutional Government?. Plato. Greek Philosopher Wrote The Republic -education Best government-philosopher king 5 types of gov’t Aristocracy-rule by elites Timocracy -rule by military Oligarchy-rule by wealthy few

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plato
Plato
  • Greek Philosopher
  • Wrote The Republic-education
  • Best government-philosopher king
  • 5 types of gov’t
    • Aristocracy-rule by elites
    • Timocracy-rule by military
    • Oligarchy-rule by wealthy few
    • Democracy-rule by common people
    • Tyranny-rule by worst person
cicero
Cicero
  • Roman philosopher, politician, 58 B.C.
  • Self-restraint, limits to action
  • Honorable actions must be chosen
thomas hobbes
Thomas Hobbes
  • English Philosopher
  • Wrote Leviathan after English Civil War
    • What do you think he saw?
  • People w/o gov’t live in state of nature
    • Life is violent, poor
  • People enter social contract
    • Agree to give up rights for gov’t protection
  • Advocated monarchy
john locke
John Locke
  • English Philosopher
  • Used social contract for limited gov’t
    • Preserve individual rights-life, liberty, property
  • People can overthrow gov’t
montesquieu
Montesquieu
  • French Philosopher
  • Advocated mixed government
    • Comprised of 3 elements
    • Monarchy, aristocracy, democracy
  • Based off ideas of Polybius
american philosophers
American Philosophers
  • Alexander Hamilton-advocated for strong central gov’t
  • Benjamin Franklin-compromise on divisive issues
  • George Mason-wanted Bill of Rights for the people
vocabulary terms
Vocabulary Terms
  • Constitution-plan of gov’tthat sets forth structures, powers of gov’t.
  • Constitutional Government-Limited government; the rule of law, written down.
  • Democracy-a form of government in which all citizens exercise political power, either directly or through their elected representatives.
vocab con t
Vocab (Con’t)
  • Forms of Government-general forms of government, such as monarchies, republics, and autocracies.
  • Limited Government-More generally, limited government is constitutional government governed by the rule of law.
vocab c on t
Vocab (Con’t)
  • Parliament-The British legislature, which consists of two houses: the House of Lords, which once represented the nobility, and the House of Commons, which formally represents the common people.
vocab con t1
Vocab (Con’t)
  • Republic-form of government that derives its powers directly or indirectly from the people, administered by officials holding power for a limited time
  • Unwritten Constitution-body of political practices developed through custom and tradition.
  • Written Constitution-written plan of government that sets forth structures, powers of government.