Divisibility rules

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# Divisibility rules - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Divisibility rules. “Divisible by”. From Lessons 1-4, we learned that number is “divisible by” another number when there is no remainder. Example: 21 is divisible by 7 (21 ÷ 7 = 3) 48 is divisible by 4 (48 ÷ 4 = 12)

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### Divisibility rules

“Divisible by”

From Lessons 1-4, we learned that number is “divisible by” another number when there is no remainder.

Example: 21 is divisible by 7 (21 ÷ 7 = 3)

48 is divisible by 4 (48 ÷ 4 = 12)

24 is not divisible by 5 (24 ÷ 5 = 4 r 4)

33 is not divisible by 2 (33 ÷ 2 = 16 r 1)

Calculator Test

One way to determine if a number is divisible by another is to use a calculator.

If the division gives results in a decimal, it is not divisible by that number

Example: Look at these two calculations; which is not divisible by 2?

341 ÷ 2 = 170.5 248 ÷ 2 = 124

Calculator Test continued

341 ÷ 2 = 170.5

341 is not divisible by 2

(The quotient has a decimal, 170.5)

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248 ÷ 2 = 124

248 is divisible by 2

(The quotient has no decimal, 124)

Divisibility Rules

How can you know that a number is divisible by 2 without actually doing the division?

Divisibility Rules

How can you know that a number is divisible by 2 without actually doing the division?

Numbers that end in 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8 are divisible by 2.

Examples: 20, 14, 436, 208

Divisibility Rules

Can you tell whether a number is divisible by 10 without dividing?

Divisibility Rules

Can you tell whether a number is divisible by 10 without dividing?

Yes, numbers that end in zero are divisible by 10.

examples: 20, 100, 250, 1030

Divisibility Rules

Can you tell whether a number is divisible by 3 without dividing?

Divisibility Rules

Can you tell whether a number is divisible by 3 without dividing?

Yes, but first you must know about

DIGITAL SUMS.

Digital Sums

What is a DIGITAL SUM?

Examples:

The digital sum of 348 is 15. (3+4+8=15)

The digital sum of 1,045 is 10. (1+0+4+5=10)

The digital sum of 111 is 3. (1+1+1=3)

The digital sum of 712,004 is 14 (7+1+2+0+0+4=14)

Divisibility Rules

Can you tell whether a number is divisible by 3 without dividing?

Yes, if the digital sum is divisible by 3, so is the number.

201 is divisible by 3:

(2+0+1=3 and 3÷3=1 )

Divisible by 3

EXAMPLES:

123 is divisible by 3:

The Digital Sum of 123 is 6 (1+2+3=6)

6 ÷ 3 = 2

452 is not divisible by 3

The Digital Sum of 452 is 11 (4+5+2=11)

11 ÷ 3 = 3r2

Divisibility RAP

DIGITAL SUMS

DIGITAL SUMS also works for numbers divisible by 9.

Digital Sums and 9s

Examples

603 is divisible by 9:

The Digital Sum of 603 is 9 (6+0+3=9)

9 ÷ 9 = 1

459 is divisible by 9

The Digital Sum of 459 is 18 (4+5+9=18)

18 ÷ 9 = 2

Digit Sums

Is 936 divisible by both 3 and 9?

Digit Sums

Is 936 divisible by both 3 and 9?

Digital Sum of 936 is 18.

18 ÷ 3 = 6 18 ÷ 9 = = 2

Yes, 936 is divisible by both 3 and 9.

Digit Sums

Is 444 divisible by both 3 and 9?

Digit Sums

Is 444 divisible by both 3 and 9?

Digital Sum of 444 is 12.

12 ÷ 3 = 4 12 ÷ 9 = = 1r3

No, 444 is divisible by 3(but not 9).

Video segment #2

Digital Sums song

One more 3 and 9 explanation:

Divisibility Test for 5

How can you tell if these numbers are divisible by 5?

20; 35; 70; 100; 25; 109,005

Divisibility Test for 5

How can you tell if these numbers are divisible by 5?

20; 35; 70; 100; 25; 109,005

The last digit is always a 0 or 5.

Divisibility Test for 6

702 is divisible by 6. Why?

It is an EVEN number and the DIGIT SUM is divisible by 3.

702 is EVEN

7+0+2=9 (9÷3=3)

Divisibility Test for 6

501 is NOT divisible by 6. Why?

BOTH of these MUST BE TRUE:

EVEN

Digit Sum is divisible by 3

501 is ODD

5+0+1=6 (6÷3=2)

Divisibility Test for 4

Ignore all digits except for the last two:

432,712

432,712

12 ÷ 4 = 3

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1324

1324

24÷4=6