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How to Study the Bible. Four Methods of Textual Study. Asking Questions: The Six Detectives Method of Study Hebrews 1:1-4 Who (Subject) God What (Verb- Action) has spoken to us in His Son Where (Place) When (Time) after He spoke long ago to the fathers* in these last days

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how to study the bible

How to Study the Bible

Four Methods of Textual Study

slide2

Asking Questions: The Six Detectives Method of Study

Hebrews 1:1-4

Who (Subject)

God

What (Verb- Action)

has spoken to us in His Son

Where (Place)

When(Time)

after He spoke long ago to the fathers*

in these last days

Why (Reason or Explanation)

How (Method Used Perform Action or Achieve Results)

in the prophets in many portions and in many ways*

slide3

Who (Subject)

God’s Son

whom He appointed heir of all things

through whom also He made the world

radiance of His glory

the exact representation of His nature

What (Verb-Action)

Upholds all things by the word of His power

Sat down*

Having become as much better than the angels**

When (Time)

when He had made purification for sins*

Where (Place)

at the right hand of the Majesty on high*

Why (Reason or Explanation)

He has inherited a more excellent name than they.**

How (Method Used to Perform Action or to Achieve the Result)

Asking Questions: The Six Detectives Method of Study

Hebrews 1:1-4

slide4

Writing Out the Text Method of Study

Hebrews 1:1-4

God,

After He spoke

long ago

to the fathers

in the prophets

in many portions and

in many ways

In these last days has spoken

to us

in His Son

whom He appointed heir of all things

through whom also He made the world.

And He is

the radiance of His glory and

the exact representation of His nature

And upholds all things

by the word of His power.

When He had made purification of sins,

He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

having become as much better than the angels,

as He has inherited a more excellent name than they.

slide5

Parallel Passages Method of Study (Center column References)

Hebrews 1:1-4

Verse 1

spoke

Numbers 12:6-8

God spoke to prophets through visions, but mouth to mouth with Moses, His faithful servant;

Quoted in Heb 3:5 contrasting Moses and Christ as spokesman 3:6.

Verse 2

In these last days

Gal 4:4; Eph 1:10

God had a plan he executed through His Son in the fullness of the times = the last days

spoken to us by His Son

Jn 1:17 law was given by Moses, but grace and truth by Jesus Christ

Jn 15:15 Jesus said what He heard from the Father He made known to His apostles

Heb 2:3-4 the great salvation at first began to be spoken by the Lord…

whom He appointed heir of all things

Ps 2:8 a prophecy of the Messiah receiving the nations and the very ends of the earth for His inheritance.

Jn 3:35 Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hand.

Rom 8:17 Christians are joint-heirs with Christ.

by whom also He made the world.

Jn 1:3 All things were made by Him

1Cor 8:6 by whom are all things

Col 1:16 All things created by Him in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible

slide6

Verse3

And H e is the radiance of His glory

Jn 1:14 we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father

Jn 14:9 If you have seen Me, you have seen the Father

2 Cor 4:4 glory of Christ, who is the image of God

Col 1:15- He is the image of the invisible God

Upholding all things by the word of His power

Col 1:17 In Him all things hold together

When He had made purification of sins

Heb 7:27 not as the High priest, needed only one sacrifice

Heb 9:12 not through blood of goats and calves He entered the holy place and obtained eternal redemption.

Heb 9:14 offered Himself without blemish; His blood will cleanse the conscience

Heb 9:26 once at the consummation of the ages, He has been manifested to put away sin

Sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high

Ps 110:1 predicted by David, would sit there until all enemies put under His feet

Eph 1:20 raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places

Heb 8:1 We have a High priest seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens

Heb 12:2 endured the cross, despised the shame and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

1 Pet 3:22 God’s right hand, having gone into heaven - angels, authorities, and powers made subject to Him.

Verse 4

Having become as much better than the angels

Eph 1:21 far above all rule and authority and power and dominion

Phil 2:9-10 Father bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, at name of Jesus every knee will bow

Parallel Passages Method of Study (Center column References)

Hebrews 1:1-4

slide7

Word Study

Hebrews 1:1-4

sundry times (KJV)

Other Versions

many portions (NASV); various times (NKJV); fragmentary (NEB); many times (NIV); many times

(Simple English Bible)

Dictionary

Sundry= “miscellaneous, various”

Bible Word Dictionary (Vine’s)

In many parts or portions

divers manners (KJV)

Other Versions

many ways (NASV); various ways (NKJV); varied fashion (NEB); various ways (NIV); many ways (SEB)

Dictionary

Divers= “various”

Manner= “a mode of procedure or way of acting”

Bible Dictionary (Vine’s)

in many ways

slide8

last days

Other Versions

final age (NEB); last times (Simple English Bible)

Dictionary (cannot use for most phrases as generally dictionaries define word, not phrases)

Bible Dictionary (Vine’s)

The reference is to the close of the period of the testimony of the prophets under the Law, terminating with the presence of Christ and His redemptive sacrifice and its effects.

brightness of His glory (KJV; NKJV)

Other Versions

Radiance of His glory (NASV); radiance of God’s glory (NIV); effulgence of God’s splendor (NEB); shining brightness of God’s glory (Simple English Bible)

Dictionary

Bright= implies emitting or reflecting a high degree of light

Glory= great beauty and splendor, magnificence

Bible Dictionary (Vine’s)

Brightness- shining forth, brightness of a light coming from a luminous body

Glory- the nature and acts of God in self-manifestation; i.e. what He is and does.

Word Study

Hebrews 1:1-4

slide9

Word Study

Hebrews 1:1-4

express image of his person (KJV, NKJV)

Other Versions

Exact representation of His nature (NASV), exact representation of His being (NIV); the stamp of God’s very being (NEB); The exact picture of God’s real being (Simple English Bible)

Dictionary:

Express= exact, precise

Image= exact likeness

Person= personality

Bible Dictionary (Vine’s)

Image- A stamp or impress, as on a coin or a seal, in which case the seal or die which makes an impression bears the image produced by it, and vice versa… The phrase expresses the fact that the Son of God is not merely His image; He is the image or impress of His substance or essence. It is the fact of complete similarity which this word stresses.

Person- substance. Here the word has the meaning of the real nature… it speaks of the Divine essence of

God existent and expressed in the revelation of His Son.

slide10

Word Study

Hebrews 1:1-4

upholding, upholds (KJV, NASV, NKJV)

Other versions

sustains, sustaining (NEB, NIV); holds up (Simple English Bible)

Dictionary

uphold- to give support to.

Bible Dictionary (Vine’s)

bear, carry

purged (KJV, NKJV)

Other Versions

made purification (NASV); provided purification (NIV); provided a cleansing from sin (Simple English Bible)

Dictionary

to clear of guilt; to free from moral or ceremonial defilement

Bible Dictionary

to cleanse or make clean

slide11

Last Step of Any Type of Study: Application

Hebrews 1:1-4

God has spoken through His Son-

Heir of all things

Creator and Sustainer of the world

Radiance of His glory

Exact representation of His nature

Sat Down at God’s right hand

Much better than the angels- more excellent name

I better listen!