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Wolves and their Pups

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  1. Wolves and their Pups By: Ashley Griffey

  2. WOLFIE “Hey class! My name is Wolfie and I am going to help you learn about Wolf puppies! Click on the button below to go to the next page.”

  3. Direction Tools Previous Page Take Quiz Next Page Play Sound “Now that you have learned to work this activity, let’s go to the main menu!” Main Menu

  4. Main Menu Video Wolf Pups Night Sounds Pack Life Habitat/ Niche “Click on any box to get started! Also, if you want, there is a practice quiz. Don’t forget to take the final quiz at the end though!” Practice Quiz QUIZ Teacher Resources

  5. Pack Life • Pack- • -a social group of wolves that consists of the adult parents and their offspring of around 2-3 years of age • The adult wolves are usually unrelated • Sometimes, other non-related wolves will join the pack.

  6. Pack Life • The average pack consists of 5-11 wolves: • 1-2 adults • 3-6 younger wolves • 1-3 puppies

  7. Pack Life • The leader of the pack is called the “Alpha Wolf” • He uses physical force to enforce dominance within the pack. • There are usually two alphas in the pack, the male and female. • The second in commands are called the “Beta Wolves” “My dad is the alpha wolf in my pack.”

  8. Pack Life • Wolves keep the same partner for the rest of their lives. • Female wolves usually start having puppies when they are 2 years old. • - They will have around 1 litter of puppies per year. “My mommy and daddy have been together for a long time.”

  9. Pack Life Territory • Each pack has its own territory. • lives, hunts, and breeds there • territories could range from 100 sq. miles to 1,000 sq. miles or more • dependent on these factors • prey abundance, nature of the terrain, climate, and presence of other predators and competitors

  10. Pack Life Questions to think about Is there an “alpha wolf” in your family? If so, who would that be? How many “wolves” are in your family’s pack?

  11. Pack Life Summary • The leader of the pack is called the “alpha wolf” • Average pack size consists of 5-11 wolves • Wolves usually keep the same partner for the rest of their lives • Mommy wolves will have around 1 litter of puppies per year Q. 5 Q. 7 Q. 9

  12. Wolf Pups • Baby wolves are called puppies. • When mommy wolves are ready to have their pups, they will go to a place that is outside of their pack’s territory. “I am a puppy. I was born in a den outside of my packs territory.”

  13. Wolf Pups • The average size of a litter is 5- 6 puppies. • Puppies are born blind and deaf and are covered in short, grayish- brown fur. • They gain their sight in around 10-13 days. “I am 3 weeks old, so I am able to see and hear now.”

  14. Wolf Pups • Pups are ready to leave the den at around the age of 3-4 weeks old. • The whole pack will take turns caring and raising the puppies. • Other females in the pack help feed the babies, also. • Males compete to do the babysitting.

  15. Wolf Pups • The den that they live in could be a small cave or hole dug out of the ground. • The den must be big enough for the mother and her puppies to fit in. “My mother’s den was a small cave and it fit my mother and 5 siblings.”

  16. Wolf Pups Stages of Development 10-13 days: eyes open 3 weeks: milk teeth appear; start to explore den 4-5 weeks: short trips outside the den, begin to eat meat 6 weeks: moving up to a mile from the den without an adult wolf 6-8 weeks: puppies are weaned 12 weeks:begin to travel with pack on hunts with adult wolves 15-28 weeks: milk teeth are replaced 7-8 months: begin to hunt with pack

  17. Wolf Pups Questions to think about At what age will you be able to go off in the world and get a career and your own place?

  18. Wolf Pups Summary • Baby wolves are called puppies • Wolves will go to a place outside of their territory to have their puppies • The average size of a litter is 5-6 puppies • Puppies are born blind, deaf, and grayish brown • The den they live in could be a small cave or hole dug out of their ground Q. 1 Q. 2 Q. 8

  19. Night Sounds Crickets Wolves “Click on the link to see the animal with sound or click on the speaker to hear the animal.” Owls Tree Frogs

  20. Night Sounds Crickets

  21. Night Sounds Puppies

  22. Night Sounds Owls

  23. Night Sounds Tree Frogs

  24. Night Sounds Questions to think about What kind of sounds do you hear at night at your house?

  25. Night Sounds Crickets Summary Wolves Owls Tree Frogs Q.3 Q. 4

  26. Habitat/ Niche • Wolves are mammals. • They are carnivores, which means that they only eat meat. • Their average life span is 8-10 years. • They can weigh up to 175 pounds.

  27. Habitat/ Niche • Need wild habitat • One that has not been changed much by mankind • Live in and around rugged mountains and forests • Have lived in all habitats in the Northern Hemisphere except for tropical rainforests

  28. Habitat/ Niche Diet • Wolves usually feed on medium- sized animals such as: • rabbits, foxes, squirrels, mice, and rodents • On occasions, wolves have been known to eat some types of fruits: • Berries and melons • They can survive up to 2 weeks without food. “My favorite type of food is fox. I also like to eat berries.”

  29. Habitat/ Niche Population • There are an estimated 7,000- 11,200 wolves in Alaska alone • It is estimated that there are around 5,000 wolves in the lower 48 states. • Around the world, there are an estimated 200,000 wolves in 57 countries. “My family happens to live in Alaska.”

  30. Habitat/ Niche Communication • Wolves use body language and facial expressions to communicate • Barking- used as a warning from danger • Whimpering- willingness to nurse puppies or to say they give up in a fight or something like that • Growling- used as a warning for intruders • Howling- intended for long distance, keeps pack together, or just for fun

  31. Habitat/ niche Questions to think about Is there an “alpha wolf” in your family? If so, who would that be? How many “wolves” are in your family’s pack?

  32. Habitat/ Niche Summary • Wolves live in and around rugged mountains and forests • Wolves have lived in all habitats in the Northern Hemisphere except for tropical rainforests Q. 6 Q. 10

  33. Practice quiz “Test your knowledge of what you have already learned! Click on the letter that you think best fits the question!”

  34. Practice quiz Q.1 How many litters does a female wolf typically have in one year? A 1 B 2 C 0 D 4

  35. Practice quiz Q.1 How many litters does a female wolf typically have in one year? “Sorry! Go back and try again!”

  36. Practice quiz Q.1 How many litters does a female wolf typically have in one year? “1. That is correct! Great Job!”

  37. Practice quiz Q2. What form of communication is used for growling? A Warning for intruders B Willingness to nurse C Warning pack about danger D Keep pack together

  38. Practice quiz Q2. What form of communication is used for growling? “Sorry! Go back and try again!”

  39. Practice quiz Q2. What form of communication is used for growling? “Warning for intruders. That is correct! Great Job!”

  40. Practice quiz Q3. How many adult wolves are usually in a pack? A 10-12 B 5-6 C 1-2 D 3-4

  41. Practice quiz Q3. What form of communication is used for growling? “Sorry! Go back and try again!”

  42. Practice quiz Q3. What form of communication is used for growling? “1-2. That is correct! Great Job!”

  43. Practice quiz Q4. What is a pack’s territory? A Where it hunts B Where it lives C Where it breeds D All of the above

  44. Practice quiz Q4. What is a pack’s territory? “Sorry! Go back and try again!”

  45. Practice quiz Q4. What is a pack’s territory? “Where we hunt, live, and breed. That is correct! Great Job!”

  46. Practice quiz Q5. True or False: Wolves are carnivores. A True B False

  47. Practice quiz Q5. True or False: Wolves are carnivores. “Sorry! Go back and try again!”

  48. Practice quiz Q5. True or False: Wolves are carnivores. “True. That is correct! Great Job!”

  49. quiz “These questions are multiple choice. Click on the letter that best answers the question.”

  50. quiz Q.1 Where do mother wolves have their pups? A In a pond B In a pen C In a den D Under a house