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Poetry Terms. A Japanese lyric verse form having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, traditionally invoking an aspect of nature or the seasons. I walk across sand And find myself blistering In the hot, hot heat As the wind does blow  Across the trees, I see the

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haiku

A Japanese lyric verse form having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, traditionally invoking an aspect of nature or the seasons.

  • I walk across sand
  • And find myself blistering
  • In the hot, hot heat
  • As the wind does blow

 Across the trees, I see the

  • Buds blooming in May   
Haiku
sonnets

Shakespeare, composed of three quatrains and a terminal couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern ababcdcdefefgg.

  • Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate:Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou owest;Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou growest: 
  • So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
Sonnets
simile figurative lang

Comparison using “like” or “as”

* “It's been a hard day's night, and I've been working like a dog” -- The Beatles

* My love is like a red, red rose.

  • These oatmeal cookies taste like cardboard.
  • He was as mad as a hornet who’s nest has been destroyed.
Simile – figurative lang
metaphor figurative lang

My cat is a rabid wolverine when he is hungry.

  • The car is a supersonic jet when it hits the highway.
  • The classroom was a zoo after 5th block had class.
  • Comparison NOT using like or as.
  • The writer states that something IS something else.
Metaphor – figurative lang
internal rhyme sound device

Two or more rhyming words occur within the same line.

  • It could the end word and word in the middle; the words could be right next to each other; or spread out in the line.
  • Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary - Edgar Allen Poe (The Raven).
  • I went to town to buy a gown.
  • I took the car and it wasn’t far.
Internal Rhyme – sound device
rhyme sound device

Words that sound the same.

  • Can be found at the end of lines, inside the line, or on other lines in the poem.
  • Poets use rhyme for specific reasons – call your attention to a specific part of the poem or to emphasize a point.
Rhyme – sound device
types of rhyme sound device

Alliteration: words with the same sounding beginning.

  • Sally sells seashells by the sea shore.
  • Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before
Types of Rhyme – sound device
assonance sound device

Repetition of a vowel sound in words near each other in a line of poetry.

  • What a world of happiness their harmony foretells! - Edgar Allen Poe
  • From the molten-goldennotes – Edgar Allen Poe
Assonance – sound device
onomatopoeia sound device

Words that sound like their meaning.

  • Ruff, meow, tinkle, splash, buzz, pow, boom, gurgle
Onomatopoeia – sound device
cacophony sound device

Jarring, harsh sounds – like that of traffic at rush hour with engines revving and horns honking

  • Example:
  • 'Twasbrillig, and the slithytovesDid gyre and gimble in the wabe; All mimsy were the borogoves, And the momerathsoutgrabe.
  • - Lewis Carroll
cacophony – sound device
caesura sound device

A grammatical pause or break in a line of poetry (like a question mark), usually near the middle of the line. A caesura is usually dictated by sense or natural speech rhythm rather than by metrics.

  • An Essay on ManbyAlexander Pope
  • Know then thyself II, presume not God to scan;The proper study of MankindII is Man.Plac'd on this isthmus of a middle state,A being darkly wise, and rudely great:
Caesura – sound device
repetition

Repeating a word, sound, phrase for a specific effect.

  • To call attention to a specific section of a poem or idea.
Repetition
poetry form

Poems can take various visual forms.

  • Blank verse:any verse comprised of unrhymed lines all in the same meter, usually iambic pentameter. It was developed in Italy.
  • Free verse: Verse composed of variable, usually unrhymed lines having no fixed metrical pattern.
Poetry - form
couplet

Couplet: two lines together (couple) that usually rhyme and share the same idea.

  • Examples:
  • "Blessed are you whose worthiness gives scope,
  • Being had, to triumph; being lacked, to hope."
Couplet
iambic pentameter

Iambic pentameter

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0aAWuUX5jU&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
Iambic pentameter