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RFID for Elderly Case Study. ITS – Norway Intelligent Transport Systems Tromsö, 13-6-2007. Au tentication Accessibility Availability Integrity Accountability Confidentiality Liability Legal Framework Privacy. Security Requirements. Applied security.

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rfid for elderly case study

RFID for Elderly Case Study

ITS – Norway Intelligent Transport Systems

Tromsö, 13-6-2007

security requirements
Autentication

Accessibility

Availability

Integrity

Accountability

Confidentiality

Liability

Legal Framework

Privacy

Security Requirements
new requirements
New requirements
  • Safe
  • Effective
  • Patient-centric
  • Just-in-time
  • Efficient
  • Equitable

Source: US Institute of Medicine

slide6

RFID-applications in a Czech military hospitalID System Overview

Employees’ Data for ID

Payment

Attendance Control

Access Control

Restaurant

Staff

Canteen

Devices

Wages

Vending Machines

Vehicles

Ordering

technologies
Identity Security

Tokens

Biometrics

Personnel

Patients

Tracking

RFID

Personnel

Patients

Supply

Technologies
technology rfid
Technology RFID
  • Purpose to enable data - usually on the identity of an object to be transmitted wirelessly using radio waves
  • The RFID tag has a unique serial number which is read remotely by an RFID reader and transferred to a processing device
  • Passive tags – small and inexpensive – 128 bits – external power
  • Active tags – larger, battery powered – store 1 MB data – writable
  • NFC tags – near-field communication – safe two-way interactions via wireless communication limited to literally touching distance
rfid for improving care
RFID for Improving Care
  • Daily routine given by caregivers/family – may intervene if not taking medicine
  • Any change in daily routine may indicate the onset of a serious problem
  • Tracking medication and medicine supply
  • Correct drug in correct quantities as prescribed
  • Ensure integrity of drug by not expose to temperature higher than allowed
  • Automate lightning and heating of rooms
  • Elderly may stay at home more safely

6FP:

CogKnow

rfid for persons
RFID for Persons

ID -> people / things

  • Elderly
    • Access control & authentication
    • Controlling blood transfusions
    • Medication administration & alert
    • Observing implants
    • Option for outpatient self-medication
  • Staff
    • Access control & authentication

Barcode -> RFID

Quality

privacy concerns
Privacy concerns
  • Collecting and using personally identifiable information for other purposes without knowledge
  • Lack of transparency
  • Abuse of data, captured by anyone
  • Excessive aggregation of data
countermeasures
Countermeasures
  • Securing RFID data by encryption and by transmission protocols
  • Making the user aware of RFID tags
  • Allow the user to eventually deactivate tags
  • Omitt the current privacy rules and ethical obligations
  • Control by Ombudsman
some figures 2006
Some Figures (2006)
  • The World Health Organization estimates that 10 per cent of drugs are forged
  • 150 persons die in Europe every day due to a hospital acquired infection – mostly spread by not clean hands
  • Average rate of medical errors is estimated to be around 5 percent
  • The market for RFID tags is expected to rise from €90 million to €2.1 billion over the next decade
  • Food industry (Walmart and Tesco) use RFID today for all goods
consortium
Consortium
  • GSF - National Research Center for Environment and Health, Germany
  • Bull - Bull Hungary, Hungary
  • CNR-IBB - National Research Council of Italy, Italy
  • ITS – Intelligent Transport Services, Norway
  • IMA -Institute of Microelectronic Applications, Czech Rep.
  • eHCC – eHealth Competence Center, University of Regensburg, Germany

Homepage: http://biohealth.gsf.de