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English Learner Instructional Training and Technical Assistance in County Court and Division of Juvenile Justice Schools. Kathryn Catania, Ed. D. Administrator Fresno County Office of Education Paul A. Garcia, Ed. D. Coordinator Fresno County Office of Education Sam Nofziger, M. A.

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English Learner Instructional Training and Technical Assistance in County Court and Division of Juvenile Justice Schools

Kathryn Catania, Ed. D.

Administrator

Fresno County Office of Education

Paul A. Garcia, Ed. D.

Coordinator

Fresno County Office of Education

Sam Nofziger, M. A.

Coordinator

Fresno County Office of Education

Day 3

slide2

English Learner Instructional Training and Technical Assistance in County Court and Division of Juvenile Justice Schools

A project funded by Title III and managed by the English Learner and Curriculum Support Division, California Department of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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day 3 agenda
Day 3 Agenda
  • Introductions
  • Review of project activities to date
  • English Language Development Instruction versus Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English
  • English Language Development and English Language Arts
  • Content and Language Objectives

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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purpose
Purpose

To provide professional development and technical assistance for educators and teachers to increase student achievement for English learners (EL) in California’s county court and Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) schools.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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slide5

Training Reflections

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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5

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Training Reflections

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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English Language Development (ELD) and

Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English (SDAIE)

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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slide8

What do you know about ELD and SDAIE?

Refer to the “Anticipation Guide”.

Spend a few minutes completing it.

Discuss your answers with a partner.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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clickers
Clickers

Turn on your clickers

Enter in the code to connect with the system

Be ready to cast your vote

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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anticipation guide true press 1 false press 2
Anticipation GuideTrue….. Press 1 False….. Press 2
  • SDAIE strategies are appropriate for non-English Learners. T F
  • ELD is only required for students at CELDT levels 1-3. T F
  • State law requires at least 30 minutes of ELD instruction. T F
  • SDAIE is not designed for English language arts. T F
  • ELD and ELA strategies are interchangeable. T F
  • Primary language support may be used to support ELD instruction. T F
  • ELD is the core English language arts curriculum for some students. T F
  • SDAIE strategies provide access to the core curriculum. T F
  • SDAIE strategies are appropriate in Structured English

Immersion programs. T F

10. It is not appropriate to provide SDAIE strategies to students

at CELDT levels 1-3. T F

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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venn diagram
Venn Diagram
  • Form three groups labeled ELD, SDAIE, and ELD and SDAIE
  • Decide in which section of the Venn Diagram, the following practices are most appropriate

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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eld sdaie
ELD/SDAIE

ELD and SDAIE

SDAIE

ELD

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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eld sdaie components
ELD/SDAIEComponents
  • Content based instruction is emphasized
  • Requires grade level instruction
  • Sheltered instruction is appropriate
  • Standards based assessments are grade level
  • Non-English Learners may participate
  • Primary language may be used to support
      • instruction
  • Serves as the onramp to ELA standards
  • The focus is on language

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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eld sdaie components continued
ELD/SDAIEComponents (Continued)
  • Instruction is content based
  • Standards are not grade level specific
  • Assessments may be leveled by English language proficiency
  • Student groups should include no more than two CELDT levels
  • May be taught during the language arts block
  • Differentiated instruction is appropriate

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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eld sdaie components continued1
ELD/SDAIEComponents (Continued)
  • Use of graphic organizers supports instruction
  • Use of prior knowledge is appropriate
  • Rigorous instruction is provided
  • Based on research that learning is developmental
  • Oral language development is integrated into the curriculum

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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eld sdaie components1
ELD/SDAIEComponents

Talk with your assigned group:

Collect all the components that apply to your assignment (ELD, SDAIE, or Both)

Discuss each component and be sure that it applies to your group

Be ready to share the identified components with the whole group

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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debrief venn diagram
Debrief Venn Diagram

Group Processing of New Learning

Clarifying Questions

Adaptation of This Strategy to Court School Setting

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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English Language Development and Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Training Reflections

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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group work
Group Work
  • Form small groups of three to four people
  • Fold the given chart paper into three columns and four rows (see slide 23 for example)
  • Label one section “English Language Arts” and the other, “English Language Development”

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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slide23

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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access your background knowledge
Access Your Background Knowledge….

Discuss with your group and make notes in each one of the boxes, your understanding of the differences between English Language Arts and English Language Development.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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note taking as the presentation proceeds
Note Taking as the Presentation Proceeds

As the Presentation proceeds, there will be time for each group to collect data and make notes in each of the boxes on the graph. Please work together to complete the note taking process and insure that everyone understands the content.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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english language development within the english language arts curriculum
English Language Development(within the English Language Arts Curriculum)

to be sure English Learners are learning English effectively and efficiently

Designated Time

Instruction focused on the English Language Development Standards and targeted to the level of English language proficiency of the student(s)

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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english language development1
English Language Development
  • Grouping for Instruction: Secondary
    • Grouped by proficiency level in classes
    • A Prerequisite for ELA classes
    • The Local Education Agency (LEA) determines if students receive high school credit toward graduation for these classes
    • Up to 2 periods of instruction

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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what makes a quality eld lesson
What makes a quality ELD lesson?

Utilizing State Board of Education (SBE)/ Standards Aligned State Materials

Refer to Day 2 of Court School Training

Targeted to English language proficiency of student(s)

Interactive and engaging

“low affective filter”

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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english language development2
English Language Development

ELD Requirements

“Each English Learner receives a program of instruction in English Language Development in order to develop proficiency in English as rapidly and effectively as possible.”(CA, CPM, VII-EL12, Sept. 2005)

This instruction continues until the English Learner reaches the district’s criteria for Re-Classification (Re-Designation)

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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reading as directed
Reading As Directed
  • Turn to Day 3 Handouts
  • Read the passage to yourself
  • You have 90 seconds
  • Turn to a partner and share a summary of the passage that you just read
  • Discuss the reading activity

Fresno County Office of Education

english language development3
English Language Development

During the regular day, differentiated ELD instruction appropriate to the English proficiency level of each EL must be provided by an authorized teacher until the student is reclassified. Districts are to provide ELs with instruction using whatever materials are deemed appropriate that are specifically designed to enable students at each level of English language proficiency to acquire academic English rapidly, efficiently, and effectively. The law does not require a specific number of minutes of ELD for all ELs. Each district has the discretion to determine the amount of time appropriate for students at different English language proficiency levels. The district should have a rationale for the scheduling and amount of ELD students are receiving that bears relation to progress in English (Castañeda v. Pickard, 1981).

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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reading for comprehension
Reading for Comprehension

Skim the following passage and identify (highlight) the most important words of the passage

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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english language development4
English Language Development

During the regular day, differentiated ELD instruction appropriate to the English proficiency level of each EL must be provided by an authorized teacher until the student is reclassified. Districts are to provide ELs with instruction using whatever materials are deemed appropriate that are specifically designed to enable students at each level of English language proficiency to acquire academic English rapidly, efficiently, and effectively. The law does not require a specific number of minutes of ELD for all ELs. Each district has the discretion to determine the amount of time appropriate for students at different English language proficiency levels. The district should have a rationale for the scheduling and amount of ELD students are receiving that bears relation to progress in English (Castañeda v. Pickard, 1981).

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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reading for comprehension1
Reading for Comprehension

Share with your table the words that you identified

Discuss those words with your table.

Share with the whole group the words that you identified

Discuss the reason WHY you chose that (those) particular word(s)

Now… return to the passage, and reread the passage

Share an oral summary of the passage with your table

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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english language development5
English Language Development

During the regular day, differentiated ELD instruction appropriate to the English proficiency level of each EL must be provided by an authorized teacher until the student is reclassified. Districts are to provide ELs with instruction using whatever materials are deemed appropriate that are specifically designed to enable students at each level of English language proficiency to acquire academic English rapidly, efficiently, and effectively. The law does not require a specific number of minutes of ELD for all ELs. Each district has the discretion to determine the amount of time appropriate for students at different English language proficiency levels. The district should have a rationale for the scheduling and amount of ELD students are receiving that bears relation to progress in English (Castañeda v. Pickard, 1981).

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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debrief reading for comprehension
Debrief Reading for Comprehension
  • What was the difference between “Reading As Directed” and “Reading for Comprehension”?
  • Which strategy helped you to understand the passage more effectively?
  • How did it feel?

Fresno County Office of Education

english language development standards
English Language Development Standards

Grade clusters

K-2

3-5

6-8

9-12

By levels of English Language Proficiency

Beginning

Early Intermediate

Intermediate

Early Advanced

Advanced

URL: Also included in your flash-drive

http://www.cde.ca.gov/be/st/ss/documents/englangdevstnd.pdf

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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english language development what s the goal
English Language DevelopmentWhat’s the Goal?
  • Learning English
    • Pronunciation, Vocabulary, Grammar, Proper Usage
  • Increasing one level of English language proficiency per year, according to the CELDT

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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eld resources
ELD Resources

The SBE Adopted materials to address English Language Development

Matrix of Grammatical Forms from EL Achieve

CELDT Performance Descriptors, grades 6-8, grades 9-12

Kern County ELD Standards Tracking (See resources on Removable Drive)

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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ongoing eld assessment
Ongoing ELD Assessment
  • Talk with your Court School Team Discuss:
    • What tool do you have in place to measure ELD on a ongoing basis?
    • What resources do we need to have ongoing ELD assessments in our school?

Fresno County Office of Education

eld resources1
ELD Resources

Ongoing Assessment Tools

SBE Adopted Curriculum- Program 2, or Standards-Aligned Materials

Have embedded ongoing assessments

Standards-Based ELD Instruction

“Scope and Sequence” or Standards Aligned Instructional Map and ELD Level Criteria identified

No matter which your school uses, there needs to be an ongoing ELD assessment in place to show English proficiency growth for every English Learner! **

**One of the most frequent “non-compliant” items in the FPM process.

Fresno County Office of Education

sample eld instructional video
Sample ELD Instructional Video
  • http://ellib.stanford.edu/?q=node/212

Fresno County Office of Education

process your organizer
Process Your Organizer
  • With your table, complete the English Language Development section of the organizer
  • Questions
  • Clarifications

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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english language arts what s the goal
English Language ArtsWhat’s the Goal?
  • Mastering Grade Level English Language Arts Standards
  • Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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resources for english language arts
Resources for English Language Arts

The SBE Adopted materials to address English Language Arts

Matrix of Grammatical Forms from EL Achieve

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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ca english language arts standards
CA English Language Arts Standards
  • Word Analysis, Fluency , and Systematic Vocabulary Development
  • Reading Comprehension (Focus on Informational Materials)
  • Literary Response and Analysis
  • Writing Strategies
  • Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
  • Written and Oral English Language Convention
  • Listening and Speaking Strategies
  • Speaking Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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ca common core english language arts coming soon
CA Common Core English Language Arts (Coming Soon!)
  • Key Ideas and Details
  • Craft and Structure
  • Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
  • Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
  • Text Types and Purposes
  • Production and Distribution of Writing
  • Research to Build and Present Knowledge
  • Range of Writing
  • Comprehension and Collaboration
  • Conventions of Standard English
  • Knowledge of Language
  • Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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curriculum
Curriculum

A system for delivering instruction that is aligned to the standards, and adopted by the local governing board.

  • Keystone

http://www.pearsonlongman.com/ae/keystone/natl/index.asp

  • Character Based Literacy

http://www.scu.edu/character/

  • Edge

http://www.ngsp.com/tabid/83/Default.aspx/

  • Inside

http://www.ngsp.com/Product/ESLELD/nbspnbspInside/tabid/1294/Default.aspx

  • Highpoint

http://www.ngsp.com/Product/ESLELD/nbspnbspHighPoint/tabid/88/Default.aspx

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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english language arts1
English Language Arts
  • Ongoing Assessment Tools
    • SBE Adopted Curriculum / Standards Aligned Curriculum
      • Have embedded ongoing assessments
    • Standards-Based ELA Instruction
      • “Scope and Sequence” or Standards Aligned Instructional Map and ELA Grade Level Criteria Identified

No matter which your school uses, there needs to be an ongoing ELA assessment in place to show mastery of English Language Arts Content!

Fresno County Office of Education

example resources for ongoing ela assessments
Example Resources For Ongoing ELA Assessments
  • SBE Adopted Curriculum/ Standards Aligned Curriculum
  • STAR Assessments/ Renaissance
  • English Language Arts Standards Benchmark Assessment / ALS
  • Matrix of Grammatical Forms from EL Achieve

Fresno County Office of Education

process your organizer1
Process Your Organizer
  • With your table, complete the English Language Arts section of the organizer
  • Questions
  • Clarifications

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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slide56
English Language Arts and

English Language Development

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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slide57

Training Reflections

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Fresno County Office of Education

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lunch
Lunch

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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slide61

For this section:

  • Content Objectives:
    • Participants will understand and be able to write a “language objective” to accompany a “content objective”
    • The participants will understand the importance of the inclusion of the two objectives in content area lessons
  • Language Objective:
    • Participants will independently write, in sentence form, a “language objective” that will accompany a given “content objective”

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Fresno County Office of Education

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the challenges of every english learner
The Challenges of Every English Learner

Becoming Fluent in English

Mastering Grade Level Academic (Content) Standards

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Fresno County Office of Education

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Addressing the GAP:

Content learning demands vs. the language level proficiencies of English Learner Students

How do teachers bridge the gap between content learning demands and student language proficiency?

Discuss with a partner and share.

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Fresno County Office of Education

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THE GAP is the difference between the content that EL students can understand with proper scaffolding and background building, and what they can express within the characteristics of their language proficiency.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Bringing Content and Language Learning Together

Language

Proficiency

level

Academic Learning Demand

Content Objective

Language Objective

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Fresno County Office of Education

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Content Objective“Know and Understand”

What specific information and concepts do you want the students to learn in this lesson?

+

Language Objective“Do”

What specific language skills (in reading, writing speaking and/or listening) will students use

to prove they have learnedthe content ?

For example: summarize, explain, describe, elaborate, list, match, evaluate, present, discuss, display, identify using…, trace, enumerate, etc.

Specific Language Skills of listening, reading, writing, and/or speaking

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Content Objective“Know”

  • A grade level content standard(math, science, social science) to be addressed in this lesson
  • OR
  • A portion of a grade level content standard(math, science, social science) to be addressed in this lesson
  • Language Objective“Do”
  • A language standard (CA ELD Standard) to be addressed in this lesson
  • The Language Objective should be directly related to CA ELD Proficiency Level of the student.

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Fresno County Office of Education

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Example(for Beginning English Learners):

Grade 8 Algebra

Content Objective

“Students willsequence the stepsof the

algebraic order of operations.”

Language Objective

The students will recite (chant) the “Algebra

Song” as they correctly complete

an algebra problem.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXTP6yjcN3s

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Fresno County Office of Education

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Language Objectives

  • Identify possible grammar or language structureconnections
    • Example: Questioning patterns, sentence structure, paragraph writing, punctuation practice, use of past or future tense, pronoun usage
  • Consider the tasks students need to complete and determine what language might be embedded in the assignments that could be pulled forth and turned into explicit instruction in language
    • Example: Students negotiate roles, students read and take notes, one student explains a procedure to another

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Fresno County Office of Education

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reasons language objectives are crucial to english learners
Reasons language objectives are crucial to English Learners

Language objectives (L.O.) make everyone responsible for the academic and linguistic success of ELs

The thoughtful creation of L.O.s allows teachers to give consideration of the language and academic needs of their ELs in an ongoing way

L.O.s lend themselves to fine-tuning of vocabularydevelopmentfor specific content vocabulary and content,, and general academic vocabulary

Helps teachers focus not just on “what” but “how”.

L.O.s facilitate differentiation of instruction for ELs in a more deliberate way

Students are given a “heads up” about what they are going to learn and how they are going to demonstrate their learning—this lowers their affective filter and facilitates language acquisition

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Content Objective

What do you want students to know and be able to do?

  • Language Objective

What specific language skills do students have to use to prove to you that they know and can do the “content objective” ?

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Fresno County Office of Education

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language objectives
Language Objectives

Every Language Objective contains

2 essential elements:

Function- What the students are to DO(e.g. compare, contrast, summarize through reading, writing, speaking, listening etc.) to prove they have learned the content objective.

Form- HOW that function is to be completed. (e.g. using the academic vocabulary, in paragraph form, in a complete sentence, in the past-participial tense, with all the elements of a narrative passage, etc.)

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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language objectives1
Language Objectives

Let’s look at some grade level standards, Content Objectives, and some Language Objectives.

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Fresno County Office of Education

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Refer to the Grade 10 English Language Arts Standards

Literary Response and Analysis

3.7 Recognize and understand the significance of various literary devices, including figurative language, imagery, allegory, and symbolism, and explain their appeal.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Content Objective:

Students will identify two metaphors in their reading selection.

Language Objective:

Students will read, identify, then use two metaphors, (function- DO) as they describe a character in the selection, within a 5 paragraph essay. (form-HOW)

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Refer to the Grade 10 English Language Arts Standards

Literary Response and Analysis

3.9 Explain how voice, persona, and the choice of a narrator affect characterization and the tone, plot, and credibility of a text.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Sample Language Objective

Students will sequence in writing, the steps of creating a Facebook page, using at minimum, the targeted vocabulary: initially, subsequently, and ultimately.

Fresno County Office of Education

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Now, let’s write some ourselves.

  • Content Objective:

_____________________________

_____________________________

  • Language Objective:

(Function)_____________________

(Form)________________________

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Fresno County Office of Education

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slide79

Refer to the Grade 10 English Language Arts Standards

Word Analysis, Fluency, and Systematic Vocabulary Development

1.2 Distinguish between the denotative and connotative meanings of words, and interpret the connotative power of words.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Sample Language Objective

Students will sequence in writing, the steps of creating a Facebook page, using at minimum, the targeted vocabulary: initially, subsequently, and ultimately.

Fresno County Office of Education

slide81

Now, let’s write some ourselves.

Content Objective:

_____________________________

_____________________________

Language Objective:

(Function) ____________________

(Form)_______________________

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Fresno County Office of Education

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slide82

When you and your students know and use these two types of objectives, your teaching and

THEIR LEARNING

will improve drastically!

They help everyone focus the instruction and learning!

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective
Language Objective

Function

Form

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Fresno County Office of Education

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language function and form
Language Function and Form

“To make academic content comprehensible and to promote language learning, while setting content objectives, identify the linguistic functions and forms in the lessons students will need in order to effectively participate.”

Hill and Flynn, 2006

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Fresno County Office of Education

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language function and form1
Language Function and Form

Function

The specific uses of language for accomplishing certain purposes

Form

The specific language structure used to communicate

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective1
Language Objective

Function

The purpose for using the language

Give instructions

Explain

Make requests

Complete academic functions

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Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective2
Language Objective

Function

(examples)

Complimenting

Apologizing

Asking and answering questions

Asking and giving instructions

Justifying

Analyzing/Comparing

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective function and form practice
Language Objective Functionand FormPractice

Function (DO)- Making Comparisons

Using four photos (included), practice with a partner making comparisons.

Form (HOW)- Using Specific Vocabulary

Be sure to use complete sentences, usingwords like,all, too, only andbut.

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Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective function and form
Language Objective Function and Form

Discuss with your partner how those sentences would be with English Learners at different proficiency levels:

Early Intermediate

Intermediate

Early Advanced / Advanced

Share some of the conversations with the whole group.

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective3
Language Objective

History

Science

Reading/Language Arts

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective history
Language ObjectiveHistory

Content Objective- Understand the period of the 1920s and the Women’s Rights movement

Language Objective-

Function- Make comparisons (what women could do and could not do)

Form- contractions (couldn’t)

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Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective science
Language ObjectiveScience

Content Objective- Understand the sequential pattern of an experiment and how one step affects another

Language Objective-

Function- explain, sequence

Form- “if… then…” structure

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Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective reading language arts
Language ObjectiveReading/Language Arts

Content Objective- Write a persuasive essay on a controversial topic

Language Objective-

Function- persuade

Form- rhetorical pattern for argument; persuasive and emotional words

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Fresno County Office of Education

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language objective4
Language Objective

Refer to the comprehensive list of language objective functions.

See Day 3 Handouts

Refer to the list of sentence frames for each language function.

See Day 3 Handouts

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language objective5
Language Objective

Discuss with your table:

Ideas to incorporate these language objective functionsinto the lessons of the adopted curricula.

Share some of the conversations with the whole group.

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Fresno County Office of Education

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Content and Language Objectives

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Training Reflections

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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revisit day 3 agenda
Revisit Day 3 Agenda
  • English Language Development Instruction versus Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English
  • English Language Development and English Language Arts
  • Content and Language Objectives

Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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Fresno County Office of Education

Fresno County Office of Education

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