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Cooling connections in the service gap. Richard French The University of Sheffield. Overview. Main topics covered today. Tangential thoughts………. Does the TDR lock us into a specific service gap size Access will dictate tube wall size eg poor access = thicker wall tube

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cooling connections in the service gap

Cooling connections in the service gap

Richard French

The University of Sheffield

overview
Overview

Main topics covered today

Tangential thoughts………..

Does the TDR lock us into a specific service gap size

Access will dictate tube wall size eg poor access = thicker wall tube

Purge gas – how to get it to the joint that we are welding with overpressure

All applies to rework except

Tube end preparation for welding

Cutting out old

BACK TO ACCESS REQUIREMENTS

  • Services Gap Dimensions
  • Access requirements for Welding
  • Re-work
joining and weldability
Joining and weldability
  • 316
  • CP2
  • TIG orbital welding limit is 125μm
    • Have not tried to reduce further
    • Butt welding successful on both 2.275mm and 1/8” tube
  • Diameters are 2.275mm and 1/8” so standard fittings work on the 1/8” tube but are hopeless for the smaller OD.
  • 125μm wall in small OD is not for in-situ joining or ………..
  • We need to make the tube preparation very good but I don’t see this happening yet.
  • TIG orbital welding limit is 200μm
    • Have not tried to reduce further
    • Butt welding successful on both 2mm and 1/8” tube
  • Diameters are 2.0mm and 1/8” so standard fittings work without modification
  • Brazing is ok but untested as not needed to make this joint as never dissimilar material
  • Can join this material without much effort or thinking.
  • Its pretty easy once you know how
  • We have made thousands of tube welded joints in a range of materials both commercially, commercial research and have pushed R&D for TIG beyond commercial requirements to date.
  • We evaluate welding machinery for companies using our techniques and equipment designed in-house.
service gap dimension z 91mm
Service Gap Dimension (z=91mm)

Robert Gabrielczyk - RAL

detail
Detail
  • We should not get hung up on the gap dimensions in Z (photo)
  • We should worry about the position of the tube in relation to the end of stave eg – push the tube further out to the EC’s to increase clearance
  • NOT WORRIED YET for installation
  • WORRIED IF WE NEED TO REWORK in the sense of a service intervention post installation
access requirements for welding
Access requirements for welding
  • 5.5m cable length from power supply to weld head
    • WPS qualified for this length
  • Not worried about RF from machine – maybe add a shielded cable – weld head ok.
  • G – Add another 80mm as we need to move the cassette in and out the head
  • C – Add another 10m as we need to add support collets for in-situ work to suit tube type better (tube joint alignment and heat sinking)
  • Need to be realistic and work out what tubes can go where when held by hand.
  • Can we use jigs – doubt it.
  • IM tasked with a measuring system = simple point to point feeler – check if ok for 3D.
  • If in doubt we use filler rings to support the tubes. Not tested at all yet as will be very bespoke
re work of connections
Re-work of connections
  • Things to consider
  • I am not considering re-work of 125um CP2 Ti in-situ
  • Here I consider 200um CP2 Ti rework in either 2.5mm OD or 1/8” OD
  • We can not weld on a weld – we can but it is very bad practice (annealing)
  • Cut sections out and replace
  • Electrical break – capacitance induction or transient voltage
  • Gas purge must be present during re-work.
    • Can we add valves to the system to prevent filling the entire volume?
    • Tube ends must be flat and parrallel with excellent surface finish and all oxide removed, no burrs, no swarf or dust in the bore –
    • Debris filtering can be used