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ACHILLES and Early greece. Week Two. s uper/ sur = over/above/beyond. superior. surprise. superman. u n = not/none. uncertain. unconscious. untidy. b i = two. bicycle. binary. bimonthly. I. The Iliad and the Human Condition. Hector. Andromache.

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s uper sur over above beyond
super/sur= over/above/beyond

superior

surprise

superman

u n not none
un = not/none

uncertain

unconscious

untidy

b i two
bi = two

bicycle

binary

bimonthly

slide6

“. . . there at last his own generous wife came running to meet him, Andromache. . . She came to him there, and beside her went an attendant carrying the boy in the fold of her bosom, a little child, only a baby, Hector's son, the admired, beautiful as a star shining . . . Andromache, stood close beside him, letting her tears fall, and clung to his hand and called him by name and spoke to him: 'Dearest, your own great strength will be your death, and you have no pity on your little son, nor on me, ill-starred, who soon must be your widow.’ Hector answered, 'All these things are in my mind also, lady; yet I would feel deep shame before the Trojans, and the Trojan women with trailing garments, if like a coward I were to shrink aside from the fighting; and the spirit will not let me, since I have learned to be valiant and to fight always among the foremost ranks of the Trojans, winning for my own self great glory, and for my father.” . . . Then taking up his dear son he tossed him about in his arms, and kissed him, and lifted his voice in prayer to Zeus and the other immortals: 'Zeus, and you other immortals, grant that this boy, who is my son, may be as I am, pre-eminent among the Trojans, great in strength, as am I, and rule strongly over Ilion; and some day let them say of him: "He is better by far than his father,” as he comes in from the fighting; and let him kill his enemy and bring home the blooded spoils, and delight the heart of his mother.”

i the iliad and the human condition3
I. The Iliad and the Human Condition
  • Depicts many elements of the human condition: life, love, depravity, suffering, redemption, death

Late fifth-century manuscript

d is not none
dis = not/none

disconnect

disorganized

disrespectful

inter between among
inter = between/among

Internet

interpreter

interstate

c irc around
circ = around

circle

circumference

circulatory

ii bronze age greece
II. Bronze-Age Greece

A. Islands of peace

  • Minoan cultures
  • Relatively equitable social structures
  • Unfortified towns
ii bronze age greece1
II. Bronze-Age Greece

B. Mycenaean culture of war

  • Walled cities, extensive militarization, economic stratification (1600 BCE)

Mycenaean citadel

ii bronze age greece2
II. Bronze-Age Greece

C. Greek “dark age”

  • Constant rivalry and warfare
  • Overpopulation and migration
  • Written language lost
  • Steady decline from 1200-700 BCE

Death mask

iii archaic greece 700 500 bce
III. Archaic Greece (700-500 BCE)

A. Polis

  • Foundation of Greek life
  • Origins: an elevated area (acropolis) that held the agora
  • First republic: a true monarchy replaced with an aristocratic republic.
  • Limits: women and slaves
  • Hoplites: fighting in community
iii archaic greece1
III. Archaic Greece

B. Religion

  • Polytheism
    • Anthropomorphism
    • Temples: Olympia and Delphi
  • Rationality
iii a tale of three cities
III. A Tale of Three Cities

A. Wealthy Corinth

B. Martial Sparta

C. Democratic Athens

a wealthy corinth
A. Wealthy Corinth
  • Geography: a rich coastal plain and an isthmus
  • Wealth: role of the isthmus
paul and corinth
Paul and Corinth
  • Paul’s Corinth not the same—at least not physically
  • Visited twice
  • Wrote at least two letters to Corinth that reflect the difficulties of trying to spread the gospel in a cosmopolitan city
q uad four
quad = four

quadruped

quadrant

quadruplets

t rans across through
trans = across/through

transportation

trans-Atlantic

Transformers

mal bad wrong ill
Mal = bad/wrong/ill

malignant

malnutrition

malfunction

b martial sparta
B. Martial Sparta
  • Martial structure
      • Society: Warriors, helots, and perioikoi
      • Government: At the head of the government were two kings who served as the commanders of the state army
b martial sparta1
B. Martial Sparta
  • Peloponnesian League
      • Alliance: In place by 500 BCE and led by Sparta
      • Power: Made Sparta the most powerful polis; defense from Persians
  • Social control
      • Eunomia: elevation of duty and patriotism over individual interest. All about unity.
      • State control

King Leonidas I

c democratic athens
C. Democratic Athens
  • Cleisthenes and democracy
      • Reform: After a series of tyrants, Cleisthenes seeks to democratize the state
      • Council of Five Hundred: all male citizens over the age of 30 must serve at least one term
      • Limits

The father of Athenian democracy

paul and athens
Paul and Athens
  • “Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he saw that the city was full of idols. So he argued in the synagogue with the Jews and the devout persons, and in the market place every day with those who chanced to be there. Some also of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers met him.”

--Acts 17:16-18}

iv epilogue
IV. Epilogue
  • Orders of classical architecture
    • Corinthian
    • Doric (Sparta)
    • Ionic (Athens)
  • A democracy of limits
    • Elevation of principles: of freedom, equality, and civic involvement
    • Irony: But often based on oppression and exploitation