Apuntes el 10-11 de septiembre. Los artículos definidos ( Definite Articles ) All articles agree in gender ( masculine or feminine ) and number ( singular or plural ) with the nouns they accompany. El, la, los, and las all mean the . el profesor ( the professor , teacher )
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Los artículos definidos (DefiniteArticles)
All articles agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and
number (singular or plural) with the nouns they accompany.
El, la, los, and las all mean the.
el profesor (the professor, teacher)
la doctora (the doctor)
los niños (the children)
las lecciones (the lessons)
Los artículos indefinidos (IndefiniteArticles)
Un and una mean a.
un libro (a book)
una mesa (a table)
Unos and unas mean some.
unos chicos (someboys)
unas mujeres (somewomen)
Los sustantivos (Nouns)
Most nouns that end in –o are masculine. Most nouns that end
in –a are feminine.
el cielo (the sky) la revista (the magazine)
There are exceptions:
la mano (the hand) el día (the day)
Most nouns that end in -l, -n, -e, -r, or –s are masculine.
el amor (the love) el examen (the test) el papel (the paper)
Most nouns that end in –d, -ie, -ión, -is, -umbre, or –z are feminine.
la comunidad (the community)la acción (the action)
exceptions: el lápiz (the pencil) el avión (the airplane)
Nouns that end in –ma, -pa, and –taare generally masculine.
el programa (the program)
el mapa (the map)
el atleta (the athlete)
Adjectives must match the nouns they describe in gender
and number.Adjectives that end in –o in the masculine
singular have four forms:
sing. bajo baja
plur. bajos bajas
Adjectives that end in –e have the same forms for masculine
un hombre inteligente (an intelligent man)
una mujer inteligente (anintelligentwoman)
Adjectives that end in –dor have four forms.
sing. hablador habladora
plur. habladores habladoras
un chico hablador (a talkativeboy)
una chica habladora (a talkativegirl)
Los adjetivos posesivos (Possessiveadjectives)
mi, mis = mynuestro/a/os/as = our
tu, tus= yourvuestro/a/os/as = your
su, sus= your (Ud., Uds), his, her, their
Possessive adjective agree with and precede the nouns they describe.
mi casa (my house) nuestra escuela (ourschool)
sus amigos (his friends, her friends, your friends, their friends)