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Curriculum in American Public Education
Federal Government U.S. Constitution leaves education to the states Doesn’t control curriculum (Common Core State Standards Initiative) Controls money for states (No Child Left Behind)
State Governments Determine essential knowledge and skills based upon federal funding and state expectations Distribute federal and state money based on school district’s adherence to expectations Create test
School Districts Write curriculum based on state expectations Create a “curriculum blueprint” for teachers Create checkpoints to assess progress throughout the year
School/Teacher Determine how to teach the essential knowledge and skills Freedom is limited to presentation, not subject matter
Components • Core Curriculum • Math, Language, Science, Social Studies, Physical Education • Non-core curriculum • The arts, foreign language, technology, etc.
Positives and Negatives Common foundation vs. loss of choice Structure vs. inflexibility Clear expectations vs. lack of individual challenge