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Unit 5. The Musculoskeletal System. Essential Questions. What are the functions of the musculoskeltal system? What are the main bones of our body, what muscles attach to them, and what movements do they do? How do joints allow movement?

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unit 5

Unit 5

The Musculoskeletal System

essential questions
Essential Questions
  • What are the functions of the musculoskeltal system?
  • What are the main bones of our body, what muscles attach to them, and what movements do they do?
  • How do joints allow movement?
  • What are some common sports injuries, and how can a rehab program be developed for them?
day 1 the skeletal system
Day 1: The Skeletal System
  • Required Readings:
    • Chapter 6
  • Learning Objectives:
    • Describe the basic functions of the skeletal system
    • Describe the structure of the different types of bones
    • Identify major bones of the skeletal system
starter
Starter
  • Do you agree or disagree with the following statements?
    • An adult has 206 bones
    • Bones produce blood
    • People are born with all their bones
    • Osteoporosis is caused by falling down
    • A bone cell is called an osteoblast
    • Bones help protect your inner organs
  • Time: 10 minutes
activity 1
Activity 1
  • The skeletal system performs 5 major functions:
    • Support
    • Protection
    • Attachment sites for skeletal muscles
    • Blood cell production
    • Mineral storage
  • With your group, act out the 5 functions and take photos while doing it. You’ll make a slide show to present at the beginning of next class
  • Time: 30 minutes
activity 2
Activity 2
  • With your group, try to label the bones you have been given on the skeletal system diagram
  • Don’t use your book!
  • Time: 10 minutes
activity 3
Activity 3
  • As a class, we will construct a skeleton from the x-rays and label the main bones
  • Time: 15 minutes
activity 4
Activity 4
  • Create a song with actions with your group to point out the locations of the following bones:
    • Skull
    • Sternum, clavicle, scapula, ribs
    • Humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
    • Vertebral column, sacrum, coccyx, pelvis
    • Femur, tibia, fibula, patella, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges
  • Time: 15 minutes
closing
Closing
  • What are the 5 functions of the skeletal system?
  • Point out 5 bones to a person in your group
day 2 the skeletal system
Day 2: The Skeletal System
  • Required Readings:
    • Chapter 6
  • Learning Objectives:
    • Describe the basic functions of the skeletal system
    • Describe the structure of the different types of bones
    • Identify major bones of the skeletal system
starter so what are the answers
Starter – So what are the answers?
  • Do you agree or disagree with the following statements?
    • An adult has 206 bones
    • Bones produce blood
    • People are born with all their bones
    • Osteoporosis is caused by falling down
    • A bone cell is called an osteoblast
    • Bones help protect your inner organs
  • Time: 5 minutes
activity 11
Activity 1
  • Get your slide show ready to show to the class
  • Hand in your song about the bones
    • Optional! Present to the class!
  • Time: 15 minutes
activity 21
Activity 2
  • There are 4 types of bones:
    • Long, Short, Irregular, flat
  • For each of the bones we looked at last lesson, classify them as one of the above
    • Skull
    • Sternum, clavicle, scapula, ribs
    • Humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
    • Vertebral column, sacrum, coccyx, pelvis
    • Femur, tibia, fibula, patella, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges
  • Time: 15 minutes
activity 31
Activity 3
  • How do bones heal?
  • Read through the article “How do broken bones heal?”
  • With your group, use this information to show how Humpty Dumpty could have been put back together if all the King’s men knew what you do now
  • Look at the x-rays showing broken bones to help you
  • Time: 20 minutes
activity 41
Activity 4
  • Create a “pasta man/woman” out of the pasta provided
  • Include all the main bones we looked at last lesson
    • Skull
    • Sternum, clavicle, scapula, ribs
    • Humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
    • Vertebral column, sacrum, coccyx, pelvis
    • Femur, tibia, fibula, patella, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges
  • Decide what type of pasta to use for the type of bone it is
  • Time: 30 minutes
closing1
Closing
  • Share your diagrams with the rest of the class
  • Any questions or feedback to the other groups?
day 3 joints
Day 3: Joints
  • Required Readings:
    • Chapter 6
  • Learning Objectives:
    • Compare immovable, slightly movable, and freely movable joints
starter1
Starter
  • Complete the table:
  • When finished, get your slide show ready to present to the class
  • Time: 10 minutes
activity 12
Activity 1
  • Video: Musculoskeletal system
  • As you watch the video, make note of the functions and structures of the muscular and skeletal systems
  • Write down any questions you have that the video did not answer for you
  • Time: 20 minutes
activity 22
Activity 2
  • Complete the “movable joints charades” activity sheet
  • The actions are on cue cards throughout the room
  • It is possible to have more than one answer, different groups may interpret the movement differently than other groups
  • Time: 20 minutes
activity 32
Activity 3
  • Look around the classroom (and school if necessary) and take pictures of objects that act like the following joints:
    • Gliding, hinge, saddle, pivot, ball and socket, condyloid
  • Create a word document with a table as follows:
  • Time: 30 minutes
closing2
Closing
  • What are the different joints in our body?
  • What movement do the joints do?
  • Give an example, and what bones are involved.