The Growth of the American Labor Movement. The Changing American Labor Force. Most factories demanded workers be on the job 10-16 hours a day, 6 or 7 days a week, 365 days a year. Wages were not good. 1899: average male made $498 each year ($11,000 today)
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Most factories demanded workers be on the job 10-16 hours a day, 6 or 7 days a week, 365 days a year.
By comparison, in 1900 Andrew Carnegie made $23 Million ($516 million today).
Due to such low pay, many parents were forced into sending their children to work as well.
Many children worked 10-12 hours a day, and for that shift they earned an average of 27 cents.
Why did the workers go on strike?
-Pres. Rutherford B. Hayes sends federal troops to Pennsylvania to break up strike
-sets precedent for use of troops to break strikes
-Government not laissez-faire, but pro-business
Terence V. Powderly
An injury to one is the concern of all!
Homestead Steel Strike (1892)
Homestead Steel Works
The Amalgamated Association of Iron & Steel Workers
A “Carnegie Shield”
A Pullman porter
If it takes the entire army and navy to deliver a postal card in Chicago, that card will be delivered!
Eugene V. Debs-former president of the A.R.U.