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GOVERNING WITHOUT A (NATIONAL) RUDDER:. Prepared for: The 6th Annual Innovation Systems Research Network Conference Vancouver May 15, 2004 Tijs Creutzberg Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Political Science, University of Toronto.

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GOVERNING WITHOUT A (NATIONAL) RUDDER:


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governing without a national rudder

GOVERNING WITHOUT A (NATIONAL) RUDDER:

Prepared for:

The 6th Annual Innovation Systems Research Network Conference

Vancouver

May 15, 2004

Tijs Creutzberg

Ph.D. Candidate,Department of Political Science, University of Toronto

A LOOK AT A MULTI-LEVEL AND MULTI-ACTORED MODEL OF CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE IN NORTH AMERICA

concepts
CONCEPTS
  • Non-market governance:
    • definition: the means of coordination through which decisions are made in the allocation of economic resources, other than by the price mechanism of markets
  • Governance as framework of analysis
context
CONTEXT
  • Diffusion of authority from national level
  • Local institutions increasingly important in economic governance
  • Opening of space for non-market economic governance at the local level
evidence of comprehensive governance
EVIDENCE OF COMPREHENSIVE GOVERNANCE
  • Locally coordinated economic adaptation
    • economic: firm recruitment, expansion, and creation; R&D
    • non-economic: social integration, urban infrastructure, environment workforce development
  • Informal coordination process
    • organized across different levels of government
    • involvement of various associations, private sector actors
    • task specific, self-scaling
variables under study
VARIABLES UNDER STUDY

CG = f (ACTORS {Associative (local(civic entrepreneurs, leaders, sector, regional, civic society, business, Higher education), Regional(sector), federal(sector)), Government (local, regional, federal)}

  • FORMAL INSTITUTIONS {Local (policies), Regional (Higher education, policies, programs, Federal (macroeconomic, Tax policies, programs} +
  • INFORMAL INSTITUTIONS {civic identity, social capital}
  • KNOWLEDGE SECTOR {character, size, % subsidiary firms, local dominance }
  • REGIONALISM {size, jurisdictions}
  • FEDERALISM + ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION)
preliminary findings i key actors
PRELIMINARY FINDINGS I: KEY ACTORS
  • Key actors are local, non-state
    • recruitment organizations
    • regional associations
    • civic entrepreneurs
  • United by common vision
  • Engage different levels of government by necessity
    • multilevel integration from below
preliminary findings ii institutional determinants
PRELIMINARY FINDINGS II: INSTITUTIONAL DETERMINANTS
  • Federal R&D spending
  • State
    • university
    • incentives
    • R&D Programs
  • Local
    • tax abatement policies
summary of comprehensive governance
SUMMARY OF COMPREHENSIVE GOVERNANCE

ACTIONS

Social integration

Training

Environment

  • Econ. Dev.
  • Firm expansion
  • Firm formation
  • Firm recruitment

Urban Agenda

Workforce development

R&D

National Associations

ACTORS

Higher education

Recruitment org.

Industry/sector organizations

State / prov

Civic Society org.

Federal

Local gov.

Civic entrepreneurs

Regional org.

Federal regulations

Federal programs

State / prov programs

INSTITUTIONS

governing without a national rudder1

GOVERNING WITHOUT A (NATIONAL) RUDDER:

Prepared for:

The 6th Annual Innovation Systems Research Network Conference

Vancouver

May 15, 2004

Tijs Creutzberg

Ph.D. Candidate,Department of Political Science, University of Toronto

A LOOK AT A MULTI-LEVEL AND MULTI-ACTORED MODEL OF CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE IN NORTH AMERICA