axial spiritual age 6 th 4 th century bce n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Axial (Spiritual Age) 6 th -4 th century BCE PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Axial (Spiritual Age) 6 th -4 th century BCE

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Axial (Spiritual Age) 6 th -4 th century BCE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 134 Views
  • Uploaded on

Axial (Spiritual Age) 6 th -4 th century BCE. Influential Thinkers Buddha Mahavira Confucius Laozi ? Socrates Aristotle Plato & other Greeks. New Religions/ Philosophical Systems Buddhism Confucianism Daoism Greek Philosophy. Zhou Dynasty & Confucianism.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Axial (Spiritual Age) 6 th -4 th century BCE' - niel


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
axial spiritual age 6 th 4 th century bce
Axial (Spiritual Age) 6th-4th century BCE

Influential Thinkers

  • Buddha
  • Mahavira
  • Confucius
  • Laozi ?
  • Socrates
  • Aristotle
  • Plato & other Greeks

New Religions/

Philosophical Systems

  • Buddhism
  • Confucianism
  • Daoism
  • Greek Philosophy
zhou dynasty confucianism
Zhou Dynasty & Confucianism
  • Dynasties in Chinese History
  • Zhou Dynasty
  • Confucianism

IDs: Mandate of Heaven, Duke of Zhou, Confucius (Kong-fu-zi), d. 479 BCE, Confucian reciprocity, filial piety

argument
Argument

Zhou Dynasty ideals and the philosophy of Confucianism initiated the political, social and familial ideology that dominated Chinese government and society until the early 20th century.

i dynasties in chinese history
I. Dynasties in Chinese History

A. Unity of China under dynasty by 1100 BCE

b dynasties as gov ts periods in chinese history
B. Dynasties as Gov’ts & Periods in Chinese History

Shang Dynasty (1600-1050 BCE)

Zhou Dynasty (1050-256 BCE)

Qin Dynasty (256-206 BCE)

Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE)

Sui Dynasty (581-618 CE)

Tang Dynasty (618-906 CE)

Song Dynasty (960-1279)

Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368)

Ming (1368-1644)

Qing (1644-1911)

c shang dynasty ca 1600 1050 bce
C. Shang Dynasty (ca. 1600-1050 BCE)

Union of kings & priests (diviners) in state

religious ideas
Religious ideas
  • Ancestor worship
  • Di (High God, founding ancestor of Shang family)
  • Divination by oracle bones
ii zhou dynasty 1027 256 bce
II. Zhou Dynasty (1027 – 256 BCE)

A. Composition of 4 of 5 Chinese Classical Texts

b governing ideals
B. Governing Ideals

1. Mandate of Heaven

Di = Heaven

King Wen

King Wu

3 values
3. Values
  • Family
  • Social order
  • Strong son preference
4 warring states period 770 221 bce
4. Warring States Period* (770-221 BCE)

Breakdown of unity

Lots of small states

War & anarchy

(*actually it’s divided into Eastern Zhou Dynasty period, Spring and Autumn Period, and Warring States Period)

hundred masters or hundred schools of thought
Hundred Masters or Hundred Schools of Thought

Confucius (Confucianism)

Laozi (Daoism)

iii confucianism
III. Confucianism

Confucius (Kong-fu-zi), 551-479 BCE

The Analects

a ideology of confucianism
A. Ideology of Confucianism
  • Hierarchy in Human Relationships leads to social order
a hierarchical pairs
a. Hierarchical Pairs
  • father-son
  • ruler-minister
  • husband-wife
  • friend-friend
  • older brother-younger brother
b reciprocity
b. Reciprocity
  • treat those above with respect
  • treat those below with benevolence
2 achieving proper behavior
2. Achieving Proper Behavior

Rectification of Names

c ritual
c. ritual
  • Ancestors
  • “Heaven”
b impact of confucianism
B. Impact of Confucianism
  • A philosophy rather than a religion
  • Subordination of Individual to Family
3 reshaping of elites as gentlemen officials
3. Reshaping of Elites as Gentlemen Officials

Gov’t service: highest status

Emphasis on education

Training in virtue

4 virtue reciprocity in gov t
4. Virtue & Reciprocity in Gov’t.

Do not seek profit

Support agriculture

Protect common people

argument1
Argument

Zhou Dynasty ideals and the philosophy of Confucianism initiated the political, social and familial ideology that dominated Chinese government and society until the early 20th century.