Alcohol, other drugs, and driving. Chpt 6. facts on alcohol & driving. Drivers aged 16-20 are more likely to be alcohol-impaired than any other age group Young drinking drivers are involved in fatal crashes twice as often as drivers 21 and older
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facts on alcohol & driving • Drivers aged 16-20 are more likely to be alcohol-impaired than any other age group • Young drinking drivers are involved in fatal crashes twice as often as drivers 21 and older • More than half of all fatalities during holidays are alcohol related • Most drunk drivers have been drinking beer
Affects on behavior • Reaction Time • Coordination • Judgment • Reasoning • Vision Abilities
The only thing that can sober a person is TIME • The liver burns up to ¾ a drink a hour
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) • BAC • The percentage of alcohol in a person’s bloodstream • Factors affecting BAC • The amount • What type • Body weight • Gender • Food intake slows absorption but will hit you later
15.1BAC chart (male) How many drinks until you are over the legal limit?
15.1BAC chart (female) How many drinks until you are over the legal limit?
levels of intoxication • Any person driving over 21 = .08 % • UNDER 21 = .01%
Responsible decision making • The safest decision a person can make about drinking alcohol is to abstain from consuming it all together. • The safest decision is NOT to drink and drive • BAC of .05% = Double the risk • A BAC of .10% = Six X the risk • A BAC of .15% = 25 X the risk
15.3Alcohol and Traffic Laws • Implied-Consent Law • This means anyone who receives a driver’s license automatically gives consent to be tested for BAC or drugs if asked to by an officer • If the driver refuses to cooperate, they can have their license suspended • An insurance surcharge of $1000 a year for 3 years • House parties: • A host of the party can become involved in a lawsuit if alcohol is served • Zero-Tolerance Law • No person under the age of 21 can be driving with any measurable amount of alcohol in their blood