The Rise of Romanticism. Through the Culture of the Arts. From Neoclassicism to Romanticism. A defining characteristic of the late 18 th century was a renewed interest in classical antiquity.
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Through the Culture of the Arts
Oath of the Horatti, 1784, oil on canvas, 11’x14’
The Oath of the Tennis Court, 1791, Graphite, Ink, Sepia, 2’ 1 ½” x 3’ 5 1/3”
The Pieta, Michelangelo, 1499, marble,
The Death of Marat, 1793, oil on canvas, 5’3”x4’1”
Pierre Vignon, La Madeleine, Paris, France, 1807-1842
Jacques-Germain Soufflot, the Pantheon, Paris, France, 1755-1792
-Jean Jacques Rousseau’s ideas contributed to the rise of Romanticism.
-Rousseau exclaimed that, “Man is born free, but is everywhere in chains!”
-So Romanticism emerged from a desire for freedom- not only political freedom, but also freedom of thought, of feeling, of action, of worship, of speech, and of taste, as well as all the other freedoms.
-Those who affiliated themselves with Romanticism believed that the path to freedom was through imagination rather than reason and functioned through feeling rather than through thinking.
The Nightmare, 1781, oil on canvas, 3’4”x4’2”
Ancient of Days, frontispiece of Europe: A Prophecy, 1794, metal relief etching, hand colored, 9 ½”x 6 3/4”
The Third of May 1808, 1814, oil on canvas
The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, 1798, etching & aquatint
Saturn Devouring His Children, 1819-1823, Detail of a detached fresco on canvas
Insane Woman, 1822-1823, oil on canvas
Raft of the Medusa, 1818-1819, oil on canvas
The Death of Sardanapalus, 1826, oil on canvas
Paganini, 1831, oil on cardboard on wood panel
Liberty Leading the People, 1830, Oil on Canvas
Antoine-Louis Barye, Jaguar Devouring a Hare, 1850-1851, Bronze
Francois Rude, La Marseillaise, Arc de Triomphe, Paris, France, 1833-1836
-The 18th century artists had regarded the pleasurable, aesthetic mood natural landscapes inspired as the making the landscape itself picturesque or “worthy of being painted”.
-The Romantic artists rather than provide simple descriptions of nature, poets and artist used nature as an allegory.
-They commented on spiritual, moral, historical, or philosophical issues.
Cloister Graveyard in the Snow, 1810, oil on canvas
The Slave Ship, 1840, oil on canvas
The Oxbow (View from Mt. Holyoke, Northhampton, Mass., after a Thunderstorm, 1836, Oil on canvas
John Nash, Royal Pavillion, Brighton, England, 1815-1818
Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace, London, England, 1850-1851, iron and glass
Charles Barry and A.W.N. Pugin, Houses of Parliament, London, England, 1835
Romantic Literary Ideas
Defies definition BUT emphasizes living life according to one’s own terms
Focuses on the need for a return to a childlike state of being
Highlights social issues of his day
Rejection of old traditions and supporter of personal liberty
Imagination = God at work in the mind
Romantic Poetry – English