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End of world war I. End of fighting and treaty of Versailles. U.S. turns tide of War. By joining war, the United States brought in: 1. Fresh supplies and troops 2. Industrial might to combat Germany 3. Supplies to re-outfit troops from all Allied countries

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end of world war i

End of world war I

End of fighting and treaty of Versailles

u s turns tide of war
U.S. turns tide of War
  • By joining war, the United States brought in:
  • 1. Fresh supplies and troops
  • 2. Industrial might to combat Germany
  • 3. Supplies to re-outfit troops from all Allied countries
  • U.S. comes into war – April 6, 1917
  • Fighting in the War Ends – November 11, 1918
fourteen points
Fourteen Points
  • Fourteen Points – Plan for peace in Europe which was outlined by Woodrow Wilson
  • - Points 1-4 – Open diplomacy
  • - Point 5 – Fair system to resolve disputes over colonies
  • - Points 6-13 – Dealt with self-determination or people’s right to choose their own political status
  • - Point 14 – Called for creation of League of Nations
the league of nations
The League of Nations
  • Purpose of League of Nations:
  • 1. Settle disputes between nations
  • 2. Protect democracy
  • 3. Prevent future wars
  • Showed that foreign policy of a democratic nation should be based on morality – not just what was best for that nation.
paris peace conference
Paris Peace Conference
  • Began: January 12, 1919
  • The Conference:
  • - Delegation made up of 32 nations and their leaders
  • - Big Four – leaders of the victorious Allied nations
  • 1. Woodrow Wilson – U.S.
  • 2. David Lloyd George – Great Britain
  • 3. Georges Clemenceau – France
  • 4. Vittorio Orlando - Italy
goals of each of the big four
Goals of each of the Big Four
  • Wilson – United States
  • wanted to ensure peace in Europe and put an end to these types of disputes
  • Lloyd George and Clemenceau – England and France
  • wanted Germany to pay for their aggression
  • Orlando – Italy
  • wanted colonial claims in Africa, primarily resource rich Ethiopia
  • Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia – wanted to start new nations
  • Poland – wanted nation put back together and reformed
  • Ho Chi Minh – Vietnamese chef wanted independence for Vietnam
  • would later lead revolution in Vietnam against French starting Vietnam War
treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles
  • The Impact of the Treaty:
  • 1. Germany could not have air force
  • 2. Limits to German military size (100,000 troops only)
  • 3. Germany could not mechanize army
  • 4. Germany could only have 1 ship in navy
  • 5. Germany had to repay debt of all allies – reparations
  • - more than Germany could actually pay
  • 6. Established League of Nations
  • 7 Creation of Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Yugoslavia
  • 8. Central Powers lost all colonies
treaty issues
Treaty issues
  • Germany forced to sign treaty under threat of French military force – June 28, 1919
  • United States – arguments in Congress over signing treaty
  • - Three Groups formed:
  • 1. Immediate ratification – sign now
  • 2. Irreconcilables – no sign because of League of Nations participation
  • 3. Reservationists – ratify treaty if changes were made primarily to League of Nations Charter
treaty fight in u s
Treaty Fight in U.S.
  • Wilson was not happy with hang-ups on signing the treaty
  • - Main opponent: Henry Cabot Lodge
  • - Wilson took arguments on the road to the people
  • - Said the treaty must be ratified or the consequences could be disastrous
  • - Tour caused stress on Wilson – he had stroke
  • Lodge presented a new treaty in 1919 and 1920 – Senate rejected both on orders of Wilson
  • 1921 – United States signed separate peace treaties with Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • - Caused U.S. to never join League of Nations
impacts of world war i
Impacts of World War I
  • Human Toll – 14,000,000 dead/7,000,000 men disabled
  • Financial Impact - $280 Billion in war costs
  • Political Impact:
  • 1. Monarchies overthrown in Germany, Austria, Russia
  • 2. Rise of Communism
  • 3. Led to revolutions in colonialized areas
impacts of world war i1
Impacts of World War I
  • Economic Impact:
  • 1. European economies devastated
  • 2. United States becomes global economic leader
  • 3. Inflation led to economic issues in U.S.
  • 4. Prices on goods went up in U.S. – people could not afford goods
  • 5. Farmers took hit when demand for food dropped after war
impacts of world war i2
Impacts of World War I
  • Social Impacts:
  • 1. Women serving in work place = passage of 19th Amendment
  • - got right to vote
  • 2. African-Americans moved to the North to find work in factories
  • - led to population shifts in pattern
  • European Impacts:
  • 1. Europeans lost nearly an entire generation of young men
  • 2. France was destroyed
  • 3. Great Britain and Germany were broke or in debt
  • 4. Still a great deal of anger in Europe – leads to World War II