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GC 5: Gender of Nouns. In Spanish, every noun has a gender: masculine or feminine. Nouns referring to people correspond to the person’s gender: el amigo vs. la amiga

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GC 5: Gender of Nouns

  • In Spanish, every noun has a gender: masculine or feminine.
  • Nouns referring to people correspond to the person’s gender: el amigo vs. la amiga
  • Nouns referring to objects also have gender; this has nothing to do with biological, sexual gender: el librovs. la pelicula
  • Most masculine nouns end with –o; most feminine ones end with –a. If a noun ends with something else (el lápiz, la clase), the gender must be memorized.
  • Adjectives must match the gender of the noun they describe. This means that the –o at the end of the adjective must change to –a.
  • If an adjective ends with –e (inteligente) or a consonant (intelectual), there is no gender change. The exception is adjectives that end with –or (trabajador); add an –a if feminine.
  • Additionally, all adjectives become plural when what they describe is plural. For this just add –s (or –es if the last letter is a consonant).