How to win affirmative debates Julia Marshall ENDI 2013
Outline • Affirmative speeches • How to prepare • What makes a good affirmative • How do you research an affirmative • Advanced tips
The First Affirmative Constructive (1AC) • Introduction of the plan • Have a diversity of advantages
The Second Affirmative Constructive (2AC) • The time to win back your case and answer offcase arguments • Make sure you have offense on every flow • Think about what the negative strategy may be • If an argument is bad, do not spend a ton of time on the particular argument
How to answer the disad Non-Unique No Internal Link No Link Link Turn Impact Turn No Impact
How to answer the disad (1) SUMMARY Non unique No link Link turn No internal link No impact Non-Unique No Internal Link No Link Link Turn No Impact Impact Turn
How to answer the disad (2) SUMMARY Non unique Link turn Non-Unique No Internal Link No Link Link Turn Impact Turn No Impact
How to answer the disad(3) SUMMARY No impact Impact turn Non-Unique No Internal Link No Link Link Turn Impact Turn No Impact
The Rules to the Game • Beware! You never want to make the red arguments at the same time. • Do I want to force the negative to extend this disad? • If yes, two options • Link turn (2) • Impact turn (3) • If no, then you can go with (1), but make sure not to include two red arguments together. Now…You want to sit down before a tournament and make a list like this.
How to answer a counterplan • The counterplan does not solve the affirmative (solvency deficit) • The counterplan links to the negative’s disad • The affirmative can read a new disadvantage to the counterplan • The affirmative can makes arguments regarding the disposition of the counterplan • The affirmative can make theory arguments that are specific to the type of counterplan • The affirmative can argue that the counterplan does not compete and therefore should be rejected
The first affirmative rebuttal (1ar) • Pick and choose—be narrow, but… • Leave several options open for the 2AR • Write extensions of important arguments 1AR 2AC No link—warrants from 2AC card—reasons to prefer—respond to negative arguments X,X,X 1. Non unique x 2. No link x No internal link—warrants from 2AC card—reasons to prefer—respond to negative arguments X,X,X 3. Link turn x 4. No internal link x No impact—warrants from 2AC card—reasons to prefer—respond to negative arguments X,X,X 5. No impact x
Tips for giving a good 1ar • Extend theory • Extend an addon • Circle important arguments on your flow that you MUST be answered • Kick out of an advantage?
The second affirmative rebuttal (2ar) • Big picture—2 tricky options: • Aff impact solves the disadvantage impact • Aff impact causes the negative impact to win • Pick your best arguments • Time to explain arguments in-depth • Choose impacts wisely. Ask yourself before the 2ar, “What does X impact get me that the other does not?” • Do NOT just reiterate arguments. Explain why those best arguments mean you win • It does not need to be super speedy. It’s better to explain why you win than just extend all of the 1AR arguments.
What is a block? • A way to organize answers or extensions of an argument
What makes a block good? • Make sure it is flowable • Number your arguments • Intersperse analytic arguments with cards • Include cross-examination points • Change them to apply to the particular debate
The key elements • Strong solvency evidence • Have a diversity of advantages • Include lots of impacts • Have a uniqueness trick
The key elements of research • Find several pieces of good solvency evidence • Set up good google alerts • Scout other teams: know what your opponents are saying and follow other teams that are reading a similar affirmative • Do the negative file against your own affirmative
How to get better • Write new affirmatives and new advantages • Read add-ons • Learn how to debate theory • Do practice 2ACs with your coach • Keep up with current events • Spend time planning your 2AR beforehand • Make sure to read the actual 1AC articles • Learn how to frame debates