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An Overview of the Colorado Division of Youth Corrections. January 2011. “Working with Colorado Communities to Achieve Justice”. “ Working with Colorado Communities to Achieve Justice ”. DYC Vision. effectively supervise juvenile offenders;

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working with colorado communities to achieve justice

An Overview of the

Colorado Division of Youth Corrections

January 2011

“Working with Colorado Communities to Achieve Justice”

dyc mission
effectively supervise juvenile offenders;

promote offender accountability to victims and communities; and,

build skills and competencies of youth to become responsible citizens.

DYC Mission

To protect, restore, and improve public safety through a continuum of services and programs that:


Colorado State Government
















Executive Branch



Human Services

Public Safety

Youth Offender System

Children, Youth and

Family Services

JJ Council

Child Care

Child Welfare

Youth Corrections

SB 94




dyc service continuums
DYC Service Continuums

Detention Continuum

  • Senate Bill 94 (Community Detention)
  • Secure and Staff Secure Detention

Commitment Continuum

  • Assessment
  • Residential Treatment Services
  • Parole Supervision
detention continuum
Detention Continuum

DYC Detention Operations

  • State operated since 1973
  • DYC Regions formed around location of detention centers

Detention Services

Supervision & Care

  • Juveniles awaiting Court hearings
  • Juveniles awaiting disposition
  • Juveniles who receive short-term sentences
  • Juvenile & Municipal Court Orders
senate bill 91 94
Senate Bill 91-94
  • Community-Based Detention Services
  • Allocation of Funds
  • Planning Committees
  • Collaboration
  • Ongoing Evaluation
  • Advisory Board

Commitment Services

  • Transfer of Legal Custody
  • Result of Adjudicatory Hearing
  • Supervision, Care and Treatment
criteria for commitment
19-2-212(a) C.R.S. Specifies that a “Working Group” will establish criteria for both detention and commitment of juveniles

Criteria is reviewed annually by the Statewide SB 94 Advisory Board

Criteria for commitment include type of offense, prior history, and reasons why community placement would not be appropriate.

Criteria For Commitment

Commitment Jurisdiction

  • Ages 10-20, for acts committed prior to a youth’s 18th birthday (19-2-909, C.R.S.)
  • Ages 10-12, for Class 1, 2 or 3 felonies only
  • Majority of sentences are for a determinate period of up to two years
  • Those over 18 at sentencing may receive jail or community corrections (19-2-910, C.R.S.)
  • All DYC commitments discharged at maximum age of 21
commitment flow chart


Commitment Flow Chart

Typical Case

Client Management








1 month

14 mos.

3 mos.

6 mos.

Residential LOS = 18+ months

dyc continuing care phases
DYC Continuing Care Phases




School Performance

Use of Free Time



Family Issues

Substance Abuse

Mental Health



Social Skills

Problems/Need Areas

Risk Assessment

assessment services
Risk Assessment & Classification

Colorado Juvenile Risk Assessment

Risk and Offense Severity determines residential security and supervision expectations

Comprehensive Evaluation:

Educational/Vocational Assessment and Identification of Individualized Needs

Holistic Medical Appraisal

Mental Health Screening and Assessment

Alcohol and Drug Screening and Assessment

Offense Specific Evaluation

Neuropsychological Screening and Assessment

Assessment Services
significant dyc initiatives
Colorado Juvenile Risk Assessment

Motivational Interviewing

Multi-Disciplinary Teams

Significant DYC Initiatives
division of youth corrections
Division of Youth Corrections
  • Regional Management Structure

Commitment Placements

Residential Facility Types*:

1) State owned and operated

2) State owned, privately operated

3) Privately owned and operated

  • Residential Child Care Facilities (RCCF)
  • Therapeutic Residential Child Care Facilities (TRCCF)
  • Psychiatric Residential Treatment Facilities (PRTF)
  • Child Placement Agency (CPA)

*slides following are color-coded as indicated above

commitment services
High Degree of Accountability and Structure

Cognitive Behavioral Restructuring Approach

Offense Specific Treatment

Individual and Group Counseling

Substance Abuse Intervention and Treatment

Gender Specific Programming

Life Skills and Transition Services

Victim Awareness and Empathy

Multi-family Group Services

Commitment Services
educational services
Youth are enrolled in year round educational programs, either on or off ground

Educational services range from 6th grade level through post-secondary

Curriculum delivered that aligns with Colorado State Standards

Differentiated instruction delivered to meet individual student needs

Career and Technical Education and work experience opportunities provided

Approximately 25% of population is post-secondary

Approximately 50% of secondary population is diagnosed with special needs

Educational Services
overarching client management
Overarching Client Management

Client Management






Commitment Continuum

dyc client managers
DYC Client Managers
  • Responsible for case management of committed youth – from point of commitment through discharge from parole
  • Develop individualized case plans, including placement, treatment plan, and services
  • Serve as liaison to Courts, programs, families, other agencies regarding client issues
  • Serve as Parole Officers during the period of parole
community review boards
Community Review Boards
  • 19-2-210, C.R.S. – Counties may create a Juvenile Community Review Board to approve DYC community-level placements
  • Statute specifies information required and time frames
  • 19-1-103 (69), C.R.S. – Definition, also defining membership
required community review board membership
Required Community Review Board Membership

School Districts

Social/Human Services

Bar Association

Division of Youth Corrections

Private Citizens

Law Enforcement


community review boards1
Community Review Boards

Pursuant to Section 19-2-210, C.R.S. – A Community Review Board shall review:

  • Information about the client and proposed placement, including:
    • Delinquency History
    • Social History
    • Educational History
    • Mental Health Treatment History
    • Drug/Alcohol Treatment History
    • Summary of Institutional Progress.
juvenile parole
Juvenile Parole Board

Supervision and Services

Mandatory Parole

Juvenile Parole
juvenile parole board
Section 19-2-206, C.R.S.

Authority to grant, deny, defer, suspend, revoke, or modify conditions of parole

Nine members, appointed by Governor

Human Services


Public Safety

Labor & Employment

Local Elected Official

Four members – public at large

Juvenile Parole Board
juvenile parole services
Individualized parole plans

Parole plan is consistent with Discrete Case Plan

Parole Officers provide direct supervision and liaison with community resources and families

Contract Parole Program Services

Treatment Services; e.g., Multi-systemic Therapy; Functional Family Therapy; Offense Specific; Drug/Alcohol

Tracking and Mentoring

Day Treatment and Day Reporting Programs

Community-based services; e.g., housing, employment, school, advocacy

Juvenile Parole Services
juvenile parole1
Mandatory parole enacted in 1996, Section 19-2-909(b), C.R.S.

Currently six months minimum for all youth

May be extended an additional 15 months by Juvenile Parole Board

Parole Board may suspend or revoke parole

Jurisdiction ends at age 21

Juvenile Parole
dyc program priorities collaborative partnerships
Senate Bill 94

Mental Health Treatment Services

Drug / Alcohol Services

Medical Managed Care

Education Services

DYC Provider Council

Integrated Monitoring

Integrated Data Systems

Boulder Managed Care (IMPACT)



HB 04-1451

DYC Program Priorities &Collaborative Partnerships
commitment continuum of care the fundamentals
Commitment Continuum of Care:The Fundamentals

Actuarial Risk and Needs Assessment – Colorado Juvenile Risk Assessment (CJRA)

Individualized Case Management – Target Resources

Enhanced Clinical Services in State Operated Facilities

Evidenced Based Practices in all Residential Programs and all Non-Residential Services

Increased Emphasis on Transition and Re-integration

Use flexibility in Purchase of Contract Placements to ensure resources follow youth vs. placing youth where there are resources

Alignment to the Division’s Five Key Strategies

continuum of care services
Continuum of Care Services


Functional Family Therapy

Multi-Systemic Therapy

Aggression Replacement Training

Restorative Justice Activities

Outpatient Drug and Alcohol Services

Job Skills Training

Independent Living Support

continuum of care initiative outcome objectives
Continuum Of Care Initiative:Outcome Objectives

Reduce Growth in the Commitment Population

Reduce Pre- and Post-Discharge Recidivism

Reduce the Number of Juvenile Recommitments

Optimal Length of Time in Residential Placement (least restrictive setting, with an emphasis on community safety)

Reduce Criminogenic Risk Factors, as Measured by the CJRA

commitment adp trends
Commitment ADP Trends

28% decline in 4.5 Fiscal Years

changes in risk to re offend
Changes in Risk to Re-Offend

**Table is based on Continuum of Care youth served in FY 2008-09.

pre discharge recidivism
Pre-Discharge Recidivism

*2009-10 is the estimated recidivism rate based on early reporting of filings; rates are likely to increase once finalized.

juvenile justice filtering process to commitment
Juvenile Justice Filtering Process to Commitment

Total Population (ages 10-17)


Juvenile Arrests


Juvenile Delinquency Filings


Detention Admissions


FY 2009-10






743 New Commitments

commitment population fy 2009 10
Commitment PopulationFY 2009-10

New Commitments 743

Number of Clients Served 2,404

Average Length of Stay 18.9Months

Average Daily Population 1,171.6

State Secure Committed ADP 502.4

Staff Supervised / Contract ADP 487.1

Community / Other Residential ADP 182.1

ethnicity distribution fy 09 10 commitment adp
Ethnicity Distribution*FY 09-10 Commitment ADP

*Rounded to the nearest decimal

N=1171.6 ADP

most severe offense type
Most Severe Offense Type*

FY 09-10 Commitment ADP

*Rounded to the nearest decimal

N=1171.6 ADP

Missing, N=2.0 ADP

sex offender trends fy 09 10 commitment adp
Sex Offender Trends*FY 09-10 Commitment ADP

* Includes all Sex Offenders as defined by the SOMB Standards.

substance abuse level
Substance Abuse Level*

FY 09-10 Commitment ADP

*Rounded to the nearest decimal

N=1171.6 ADP

substance abuse trends
Substance Abuse Trends*

* Based on the Clinical Assessment (Utilizing SUS-1a and ASAP)

mental health needs
Mental Health Needs*

FY 09-10 Commitment ADP

*Rounded to the nearest decimal

N=1171.6 ADP

mental health trends
Mental Health Trends*

* Based on the CCAR Scores Administered at Assessment

gender distribution
Gender Distribution*

FY 09-10 Commitment ADP



*Rounded to the nearest decimal

N=1171.6 ADP

female offender trends
Female Offender Trends*

FY 98-99 to 09-10

31% Growth

*Estimated data for FY 2001-02 and FY 2002-03

parole population
Parole Population

Number of Clients Served 1,270

Average Length of Stay 6.7 Months

Average Daily Population 446.9

FY 2009-10

Lucia Waterman

Central Region Assistant Director

4120 S. Julian Way

Denver, CO 80236

303-866-7724 office

Jorge Aleman

Parole & Transition Services Coordinator

4120 S. Julian Way

Denver, CO 80236