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Los Mandatos Negativos. Negative Informal Commands. First, let’s review how to form positive commands. Take the verb and put it in the “él/ella/Ud.” form. Example: Eat! ¡Come! Dance! ¡Baila! Remember the irregulars? Haz, Pon, Ponte, Sal, Ten, Ven, Ve, Sé.

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los mandatos negativos

Los Mandatos Negativos

Negative Informal Commands

first let s review how to form positive commands
First, let’s review how to form positive commands
  • Take the verb and put it in the “él/ella/Ud.” form.
  • Example: Eat! ¡Come!

Dance! ¡Baila!

  • Remember the irregulars?
  • Haz, Pon, Ponte, Sal, Ten, Ven, Ve, Sé.
to form a negative command
To Form A Negative Command
  • 1) Start with the word “no.”
  • 2) Put the verb you want to use in the

“yo” form. (Ex. Salir = No salgo.)

  • 3) Drop the “o” and add “opposite” tú

form endings.

For –ar verbs you add –es.

For –er/-ir verbs you add –as.

Ej: No salir: No salgo → No salgas.

  • There are only four to worry about.
    • Ser: No seas – Don’t be …
    • Estar: No estés – Don’t be …
    • Ir: No vayas – Don’t go …
    • Dar: No des – Don’t give …
pr ctica
  • Don’t speak.

No hables.

  • Don’t go.

No vayas.

  • Don’t write.

No escribas.

  • Don’t eat too much.

No comas mucho.

for object pronouns lo la los las
For object pronouns – lo, la, los, las:
  • The direct object pronoun is placed IN FRONT OF

the verb when using negative commands.

Ex: To turn “Don’t do the homework” to “Don’t do it:”

Step 1 - No hagasla tarea.

Step 2– The direct object la tareais replaced by the pronoun la.

Step 3– The pronoun is placed directly in front of the verb.

No lahagas.

pr ctica1
  • Don’t do it! (el dibujo)

No lo hagas.

  • Don’t eat them! (las empanadas)

No las comas.

  • Don’t invite them! (los perros)

No los invites.

  • Don’t write it! (la carta)

No la escribas.

negative reflexive verbs
Negative Reflexive Verbs
  • If you want to use a reflexive verb, like vestirse, the pronoun “te” that you attached to the end in the positive command now has to go to the front of the verb.
  • Ex: Don’t get dressed. (Vestirse)
  • Start with No … vistas (-ir verb/-as)
  • Place the pronoun in front: No te vistas.
pr ctica2
  • Don’t wash up.

No te laves.

  • Don’t shave.

No teafeites.

  • Don’t get up late.

No televantestarde.

  • Don’t go to bed too early.

No teacuestesmuytemprano.