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Los Mandatos Negativos. Negative Informal Commands. First, let’s review how to form positive commands. Take the verb and put it in the “él/ella/Ud.” form. Example: Eat! ¡Come! Dance! ¡Baila! Remember the irregulars? Haz, Pon, Ponte, Sal, Ten, Ven, Ve, Sé.

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los mandatos negativos

Los Mandatos Negativos

Negative Informal Commands

first let s review how to form positive commands
First, let’s review how to form positive commands
  • Take the verb and put it in the “él/ella/Ud.” form.
  • Example: Eat! ¡Come!

Dance! ¡Baila!

  • Remember the irregulars?
  • Haz, Pon, Ponte, Sal, Ten, Ven, Ve, Sé.
to form a negative command
To Form A Negative Command
  • 1) Start with the word “no.”
  • 2) Put the verb you want to use in the

“yo” form. (Ex. Salir = No salgo.)

  • 3) Drop the “o” and add “opposite” tú

form endings.

For –ar verbs you add –es.

For –er/-ir verbs you add –as.

Ej: No salir: No salgo → No salgas.

irregulars
Irregulars
  • There are only four to worry about.
    • Ser: No seas – Don’t be …
    • Estar: No estés – Don’t be …
    • Ir: No vayas – Don’t go …
    • Dar: No des – Don’t give …
pr ctica
Práctica
  • Don’t speak.

No hables.

  • Don’t go.

No vayas.

  • Don’t write.

No escribas.

  • Don’t eat too much.

No comas mucho.

for object pronouns lo la los las
For object pronouns – lo, la, los, las:
  • The direct object pronoun is placed IN FRONT OF

the verb when using negative commands.

Ex: To turn “Don’t do the homework” to “Don’t do it:”

Step 1 - No hagasla tarea.

Step 2– The direct object la tareais replaced by the pronoun la.

Step 3– The pronoun is placed directly in front of the verb.

No lahagas.

pr ctica1
Práctica.
  • Don’t do it! (el dibujo)

No lo hagas.

  • Don’t eat them! (las empanadas)

No las comas.

  • Don’t invite them! (los perros)

No los invites.

  • Don’t write it! (la carta)

No la escribas.

negative reflexive verbs
Negative Reflexive Verbs
  • If you want to use a reflexive verb, like vestirse, the pronoun “te” that you attached to the end in the positive command now has to go to the front of the verb.
  • Ex: Don’t get dressed. (Vestirse)
  • Start with No … vistas (-ir verb/-as)
  • Place the pronoun in front: No te vistas.
pr ctica2
Práctica
  • Don’t wash up.

No te laves.

  • Don’t shave.

No teafeites.

  • Don’t get up late.

No televantestarde.

  • Don’t go to bed too early.

No teacuestesmuytemprano.