After the death of Chinggis Khan, his children and grandchildren continued to conquer a vast empire.
The Mongols conquered a vast empire from the Pacific Ocean to the Black Sea.
Kublai Khan was Chinggis Khan’s grandson. He established a Mongol dynasty in China.
He called his dynasty the Yuan dynasty.
Kublai Khan adopted many Chinese customs. He showed respect to the Chinese people and their culture.
However, he did not let Chinese scholars function as high government officials. He feared they might rebel.
Kublai Khan did many good things for China. He built a new capital city in Beijing. Beijing is still the capital of China today.
Many roads and highways were built by the Mongols in China.
Mongol soldiers protected merchants. As travel became safer, it increased. In fact, this period of peace in the Mongol Empire is called…
The Pax Mongolia: A time of peace in the Mongol Empire.
Many merchants traveled along the Silk Road due to the protection Of Mongol soldiers.
One such famous traveler was Marco Polo. This Italian merchant visited the court of Kublai Khan.
A famous book was written about his experiences in China that increased European interest in China.
Europeans were impressed with China’s many inventions.Demand for Chinese products increased.
The Big Five • Who was Kublai Khan and what did he do? • How did Kublai Khan treat the Chinese people? • What was the Pax Mongolia and why was it important? • What was Beijing and what is its relationship to the Mongols? • Who was Marco Polo and how did he change history?