RISE OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS India and China. p. 72-3 - India. Label: -Ganges River -Indus River -Himalayas -Deccan Plateau - Winter monsoon -Summer monsoon. p. 89/100 - China. Label: -Yellow River -Yellow Sea -Plateau of Tibet Great Wall of China. Terms. Monsoon
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p. 72-3 - India Label: -Ganges River -Indus River -Himalayas -Deccan Plateau -Winter monsoon -Summer monsoon
p. 89/100 - China • Label: • -Yellow River • -Yellow Sea • -Plateau of Tibet • Great Wall of China
Terms • Monsoon • Ganges River (Add Indus River) • Mohenjo-Daro • Sanskrit • Hinduism • Buddhism • Silk Road • Shang Dynasty/Aristocracy • Mandate of Heaven • Filial Piety • Regime
India - Geography • Rains from monsoons determine growth of crops. • How is this different from Egypt and Mesopotamia?
Geography • Ganges and Indus Rivers • Himalaya to the north, Deccan plateau in the south
Cities • Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were main cities • Religion and political power linked = priest King • Public Wells for water drinking • Trash and waste disposal systems • What would be necessary for these to occur?
Mohenjo-Daro Economy • Based on farming and trade with Mesopotamia • Textiles and food traded for copper, lumber, precious stones, cotton, and other luxuries. • What is this an example of?
The Aryans • Indo-European Nomads • Pastoral Warriors • Invade India – create Sanskrit for writing and a • Caste System – determined a person’s job, economic potential, and position in society. • Aryans higher, Indians lower
Check for understanding • What weather factor influenced ancient India? • Name 2 things the Aryan caste system tells you about Harappan civilization.
Hinduism • Aryan Religion based on Brahman • Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva • Basic Beliefs: • Reincarnation (born again) • Karma (get what you give)
Buddhism • Story of the Buddha • Basic Beliefs: • Follow 8 fold path • Nirvana (like heaven)
Literature • Vedas – Hindu Holy book • Mahabharata – epic poem about great warriors • Similar to Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey
India and China – Silk Road • Traded western goods for silk, spices, teas, and porcelain • Considered Eastern luxuries
Using page 83: -What goods were found in China? -What goods found in India? -Where did they go?
Early Chinese - Geography • 10% farmable land • Mountains and deserts • What is the result on Chinese society? • (Isolate them from other societies)
Ruled by Dynasties • Shang Dynasty – farming society ruled by aristocracy • Believed in life after death • Ancestor worship • Kings and Queens
Religion in China • Mandate of Heaven – Heaven kept order in the universe through the King in China • Gave them a legitimacy (define?) • Ruled according to the “Dao” or proper Way. • Could be overthrown for sucking.
Chinese Society • Filial Piety – duty to the male head of the family. • What does this tell us about society? • Economy based on TRADE – especially silk. • Found as far away as Athens, Greece in Ancient times. (That’s a long way, bro).
Political Structures • Chinese society changes over time as new dynasties emerge. • New Regimes take over – Great Wall of China Built • Based on Chinese religious philosophies Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism
Intellectual/Artistic Achievements • Great Wall • Gunpowder • Paper • Roads • 1st books • Pottery • Bronze Art • Writing based on Characters