England’s Expansion. At first, England was most interested in fishing cod and salmon off the waters of New Foundland (early 1500s). Population growth and demand for woolen cloth changed English goals by 1550. However, Queen Elizabeth was not prepared to challenge Spain at that time.
Slaves were marched to barracoons on the beach, branded, then sent in canoes to ships anchored in the harbor
Massasoit, a Wampanoag chief, was friendly to the Plymouth settlers in 1620.
In time, his son Metacomet (a.k.a. “Philip”) took control and felt angered by his people’s subjection to English law. Other young Wampanoag males felt the same and unleashed hit-and-run attacks on the Plymouth colony in 1675.
In 1676, the battle was over. Philip was slain, his body drawn and quartered, and his head paraded in triumph in Plymouth.
Estimated cost of war damage was exceeded value of all personal property in New England.
Philip's son, Massasoit's grandson, was sold into slavery in Bermuda. The generosity of Massasoit in 1620 indirectly resulted in the enslavement of his grandson 56 years later.
“New Netherland” was settled by the Dutch in 1609, & it became a haven for diverse groups – French, Swedes, Portuguese, Jews, Africans.
The colony was re-named “New York” (named for the duke of York, brother of England’s Charles II)
NYC gained prominence as a major trading port for the colonies.