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The DOE High Energy Physics Program . Kathy Turner Office of High Energy Physics DOE Office of Science Fundamental Physics in Space Conference Warrenton, VA May 24, 2006. DOE Office of High Energy Physics (HEP). Goal is to Explore the Fundamental Interactions of Energy, Matter, Time,

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The doe high energy physics program

The DOE High Energy Physics Program

Kathy Turner

Office of High Energy Physics

DOE Office of Science

Fundamental Physics in Space Conference

Warrenton, VA

May 24, 2006

Doe office of high energy physics hep
DOE Office of High Energy Physics (HEP)

Goal is to Explore the Fundamental Interactions of Energy, Matter, Time,

and Space

  • Understand the unification of fundamental particles and forces and the mysterious forms of unseen energy and matter that dominate the universe

  • Search for possible new dimensions of space

 Connections between the physics of

elementary particles and the physics that

determines the structure of the universe

HEP Office supports ~ 90% of U.S. High

Energy Physics and coordinates with NSF,

NASA and international efforts

We coordinate our program with the

National Science Foundation (NSF),

NASA and International Efforts

Kathy Turner, 24May2006

The doe high energy physics program

Office of High Energy Physics (HEP)- Components of the Program

Accelerator-based physics is our primary tool 

  • Top quarks, Higgs search, extra dimensions, supersymmetry; neutrino studies, b-quarks, CP violation

    Operating experiments: Accelerator Physics

    CDF and DZero Fermilab Tevatron Top quark, Higgs, SUSY, extra dimensions

    MiniBooNE Fermilab Main Injector Neutrino mixing

    BaBar SLAC B-factory Matter-antimatter, b quark, CP violation

    K2K Japan Neutrino mixing

    MINOS Fermilab Main Injector Neutrino mixing (long baseline)

    BES China (IHEP) charm and bottom quarks

    Under Construction:

    ATLAS & CMS CERN Large Hadron Collider Higgs, SUSY, extra dimensions

    Proposed or Future Planning:

  • International Linear Collider Higgs, SUSY, extra dimensions

  • Electron Neutrino Appearance Experiment Neutrino mass, mixing, hierarchy

  • High Intensity Neutrino Beam Neutrino mass, mixing, hierarchy

Today s tools currently running u s hep accelerator experiments
Today’s Tools:Currently Running U.S. HEP Accelerator Experiments

Tevatron at Fermilab

Neutrinos @ MINOS

B-factory at SLAC

Kathy Turner, 24May2006

Tomorrow s tool
Tomorrow’s Tool


Kathy Turner, 24May2006

The doe high energy physics program

Office of High Energy Physics (HEP)- Components of the Program

  • Non-accelerator physics – a growing and important sector 

  • Atmospheric, solar and reactor Neutrinos, dark matter, dark energy,

  • high energy cosmic & gamma rays

    Operating experiments Physics

    Super-K, KamLAND in JapanProton decay, neutrino mixing

    Sloan Digital Sky Survey 3D sky map, dark energy

    Supernova Cosmology Project, Nearby Supernova Factory dark energy

    Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) dark matter in cosmic rays

    Approved & Under Construction:

    Large Area Telescope (LAT) – on NASA GLAST mission gamma rays, dark matter

    Pierre Auger – ground array in Argentina high energy cosmic rays

    AMS – Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer – on ISS cosmic antimatter

    VERITAS – telescope in Arizona high energy gamma rays

    Axion Dark Matter eXperiment (ADMX) dark matter search

    Proposed (far from an exhaustive list):

    Reactor Neutrino Experiment – Daya Bay Neutrino mixing

    Joint Dark Energy Mission (JDEM) – space based dark energy

    Large-aperture Survey Telescope (LST) – ground-based dark energy

    • Dark Energy Survey Telescope (DES) – ground-based dark energy

    • Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO) Majorana neutrino mass

The doe high energy physics program

Office of High Energy Physics (HEP)

Other Components of the Program are:

  • Theory – elementary particles and fields

  • Technology R&D - for accelerator and detector technologies

    Plans for FY 2007- President’s Budget Request is ~8% increase

    • Fully support our operating facilities: Tevatron at Fermilab and B-factory at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)

    • Increased support for Large Hadron Collider experiments as construction completes & for our research program

    • R&D for new initiatives

Kathy Turner, 24May2006

The scientific context discovery
The Scientific Context - Discovery

Plans for FY 2007  R&D Investment in Future Initiatives:

  • International Linear Collider

  • new neutrino experiments – accelerator & reactor

  • long-term accelerator technologies

  • Dark Energy - Increase R&D for ground- and space-based concepts

  • We are entering the age of the Terascale energies

    • The reigning theory (Standard Model) is as precise as it is incomplete.

    • How the weak and electromagnetic forces unify is a mystery …but the consequences are likely dramatic

  • Dark Energy & Dark Matter (what the … is it?)

  • Neutrinos – what are they and how do they interact?

  • Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Advisory panels
    Advisory Panels

    High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) – reports to DOE and NSF

    • Expanded to 20 members, with members from Europe and Asia

      AAAC – reports to DOE, NASA, NSF

      Panels Reports to Topic(s) ReportsDue/Approved

      CMB Task Force HEPAP & AAAC Roadmap future initiatives Oct 2005

      P5 HEPAP B-factory + Tevatron Ops Nov 2005

      Roadmap New mid-scale initiatives End 2006

      NuSAG HEPAP & NSAC Double Beta Decay Exp’ts Sept 2005 Reactor and off-axis expt’s Feb 2006

      Super neutrino beam Feb 2007

      HEP Resources HEPAP Are there enough physicists Jan 2006

      to run the program?

      ILC & LHC HEPAP ILC/LHC “synergy” Mar 2006

      Dark Energy HEPAP & AAAC Dark Energy techniques May 2006

      Task Force

      AARD HEPAP US Accel R&D program July 2006

      Dark Matter SAG HEPAP & AAAC Direct Dark Matter experiments Feb 2007

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    National academies panel elementary particle physics in the 21 st center epp2010
    National Academies Panel Elementary Particle Physics in the 21st Center (EPP2010)

    • A new “decadal survey”

      • Lay out the grand questions that are driving our field

      • Describe the opportunities that are ripe for discovery

      • Identify the tools that are necessary to achieve the scientific goals

      • Articulate the connections to other sciences and to society

      • Foster emerging worldwide collaboration

      • Recommend a 15 year implementation plan with realistic, ordered priorities

    • Not a typical high energy physics advisory panel. It includes

      • Non-physicists

        • Strengthen connections with society

        • Sharpen the physics questions

      • Non-particle physicists

        • Engage other scientific communities

      • International participants

        • Place US HEP in the international setting

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Nrc panel elementary particle physics in the 21 st center epp2010
    NRC Panel 21Elementary Particle Physics in the 21st Center (EPP2010)

    Committee Chair: Harold T. Shapiro, president emeritus and professor of economics and public affairs, Princeton

    Draft report release on 4/28/06 –

    Recommendations in priority order:

    • Fully exploit the opportunities for U.S. involvement at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN

    • Comprehensive program to become the world-leading center for R&D for the International Linear Collider (ILC) and mount a compelling to build it in the U.S.

    • Expand the program in particle astrophysics and pursue an internationally coordinated, staged program in neutrino physics.

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Now will show some of our astrophysics and cosmology related efforts & projects 

    Dark energy planning future
    Dark Energy – Planning & Future 21

     Investigating future space and/or ground telescopes in cooperation with NASA and NSF.

     Dark Energy Projects are being considered by P5 panel.

     Planning how to review and select which project(s) go forward – in view of DETF report

    • Continue to plan a Joint Dark Energy Mission with NASA & we’re open to the possibility of International Collaboration

      • High priority in DOE Strategic Plan

      • DOE/NASA Science Definition Team

        Dark Energy R&D:

        Doing R&D for SuperNova Acceleration Probe (SNAP) concept for JDEM

        Labs doing small amount of R&D for DES (Dark Energy Survey) and LSST (Large-scale Synoptic Survey Telescope)

        In FY07 Request, additional R&D of ~$5M available – ground and/or space concepts will be selected by open competition; DETF will guide us

        • funding levels reflect tentative plan which may change based upon advice from DETF and other relevant considerations

          Taking Data:

  • Nearby Supernova Factory – continues operations; measurements of nearby supernovae

  • Supernova Cosmology Project

    • Operations continuing using ground telescopes & Hubble measurements to collect statistics and refine results

  • Sloan Digital Sky Survey

  • Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Office of high energy physics program sloan digital sky survey sdss
    Office of High Energy Physics Program 21Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS)


    - Galaxy surveys, dark matter, dark energy

    - June 2005 – 4th public data release

    Taking data since 1998

    - Approved for additional data-taking thru summer 2008

    Funding: Sloan Foundation, NSF, DOE, Japan, Germany

    Science News: Jan. 2005 – first baryon oscillation measurement

    Mosaic Imaging Camera

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Telescope in New Mexico

    640 fiber spectrograph

    The doe high energy physics program

    Cryogenic Dark Matter Search 21

    Purpose: direct detection of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPS)

    Location - Soudan Mine in Minnesota

    Data-taking: partial operations started in 2003, full operations with 5 towers starting soon & will continue in FY07

    CDMS detector

    Results – April 2005

    …set the world's lowest exclusion limits on the WIMP cross section by a factor of 10 compared to other experiments, ruling out a significant range of neutralino supersymmetric models.

    Also have Axion Dark Matter Search (ADMX) experiment at Lawrence Livermore Lab in California – another possible form of Dark Matter

    Blue line – new results

    Dotted Blue line – expected full results

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Pierre auger high energy cosmic ray detector array w nsf foreign partners
    Pierre Auger – high energy cosmic ray detector array (w/NSF & foreign partners)

    Water Cherenkov surface detectors

    • Search for Very High Energy cosmic rays

    • 3000 km2 site in Argentina

    • As of Fall 2003, it became the largest air-shower detector in the world

    Fluorescence telescopes

    Partial operations have started – construction expected to be completed by early 2007

     First science results out in Summer 2005 - a new cosmic ray spectrum at the highest energies; the results of anisotropy and point source searches; and new limits on the photon content of the primaries

    Current status (April 2006)

    - 18 (out of 24) fluorescence telescopes operating; rest under construction

    - 1128 (out of 1600) surface Cherenkov detectors deployed, ~ 1000 operating

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Veritas very energetic radiation imaging telescope array system
    VERITAS (w/NSF & foreign partners)(Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System)

    • Scientific Purpose: Study of celestial sources of very high energy gamma-ray sources in the energy range of 100 GeV- 50 TeV & search for dark matter candidates

      • Atmospheric Cherenkov 4 12m telescope array w/500 pixel cameras

      • Energy range 100 GeV – 50 TeV

      • Angular resolution ~ 4’

      • Crab rate ~ 50 photons/minute

    • Funding: NSF, DOE + contributions from Smithsonian & foreign institutions

    Status: Plan is to build at Kitt Peak.

    • In April 2005, work at Kitt Peak was stopped to redo the NEPA and NHPA process could be redone according to specifications

      • NSF is leading the process with DOE cooperating.

      • Had “government to government” meeting with Tohono O’odham Nation in January 2006

      • Plan is to install and commission the telescopes at the Whipple Basecamp while waiting for Kitt Peak access. A 2-year engineering run will start in 2007.

    Two telescope array at Whipple Basecamp

    Artist’s conception – 4 telescope array

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Glast large area telescope lat
    GLAST Large Area Telescope (LAT) (w/NSF & foreign partners)

    • GLAST will have a very broad science menu that includes:

    • Systems with supermassive black holes (Active Galactic Nuclei)

    • Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs)

    • Pulsars

    • Solar physics

    • Origin of Cosmic Rays

    • Probing the era of galaxy formation, optical-UV background light

    • Solving the mystery of the high-energy unidentified sources

    • Discovery! Particle Dark Matter? Other relics from the Big Bang? Extra dimensions? Testing Lorentz invariance. New source classes.

    • LAT is the primary instrument on NASA’s Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) mission

    • -- Collaboration between NASA, DOE, France, Italy, Japan, Sweden & managed at SLAC.

    • Shipped from SLAC to NRL for environmental testing in mid-May

    • GLAST launch scheduled for September, 2007

    • Successful DOE/NASA partnership!

    GLAST draws the interest of both the the High Energy Particle Physics and High Energy Astrophysics communities.

    GLAST is the highest-ranked initiative in its category in the National Academy of Sciences 2000 Decadal Survey Report.

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006

    Ams alpha magnetic spectrometer w nasa foreign partners

    AMS - Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (w/NSF & foreign partners)w/NASA + foreign partners

    • Search for dark matter, missing matter & antimatter on the International Space Station

    • Prototype (AMS-01) took data on STS-91 in 1998

    • AMS-02 fabrication complete in 2005; integration and test to be completed in 2007

    • Plan is for a Shuttle Launch and deployment on ISS -- launch date is currently unknown.

    High energy physics program
    High Energy Physics Program (w/NSF & foreign partners)

    In years to come, we are looking forward to exciting

    new discoveries at the TeV scale, with neutrinos and in

    finding out what the stuff is that the majority of the

    universe is made of – dark matter, dark energy

    Kathy Turner, 24May2006