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ARRA and Education Reform. What the Stimulus can tell Us about ESEA Reauthorization. Mary Kusler American Association of School Administrators September 18, 2009. American Recovery & Reinvestment Act. Goals of the money: Spend funds quickly to save and create jobs.

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arra and education reform

ARRA and Education Reform

What the Stimulus can tell Us about ESEA Reauthorization

Mary Kusler

American Association

of School AdministratorsSeptember 18, 2009

american recovery reinvestment act
American Recovery & Reinvestment Act

Goals of the money:

  • Spend funds quickly to save and create jobs.
  • Improve student achievement through school improvement and reform.
  • Ensure transparency, reporting and accountability.
  • Invest $ thoughtfully to minimize funding cliff.
but before we get there
But before we get there….
  • On Thursday, May 7th President Obama released the details of his budget plan.
  • Education received a $1.3 billion increase but the majority of that is in new programs.
  • Early Childhood and encouraging quality teaching get a boost.
  • Focus is on diminishing or eliminating formula dollars and pushing for more competitive grants at both the state and national level.
House Appropriations Funding Bill Introduced.

$1.2 billion overall increase for education, 1.8% increase

Restores the $1.5 billion cut to Title I proposed by President Obama.

Level funds IDEA, reducing the federal contribution to 17%

Cut in Education Technology down to $100 million.

Elimination of Safe and Drug Free Formula Funding.

$400 million for new literacy programming.

$10 million for Promise Neighborhoods.

House bill passed despite Republican efforts to redirect funding for IDEA.

Congress Responds on Funding

Senate Appropriations Funding Bill Introduced.

Follows the shift from formula to competitive grants.

Cuts Title I by $700 million (specifically in the basic grants).

Creates a new school construction program for $700 million.

Level funds IDEA, reducing the federal contribution to 17%

Cut in Education Technology down to $100 million.

Elimination of Safe and Drug Free Formula Funding.

$263 million for new literacy programming.

Full Senate will consider this after August recess.

Congress Responds on Funding


American Recovery & Reinvestment Act

  • $11.3 billion for IDEA, Part B;
    • Districts can reduce their local effort by an amount equal to 50 percent of the federal increase.
    • Reclaimed local dollars must be spent on activities authorized under ESEA
    • For instance, if your district gets a $500,000 increase in IDEA, they could reduce their local effort in special education by $250,000 providing that they use those dollars for activities in ESEA.
    • These funds should be used for short-term investments with the potential for long-term benefits. School districts should be careful to avoid expenditures they may not be able to sustain once the recovery funds are spent.
  • $400 millionfor IDEA, Section 619
  • $500 million for IDEA, Part C – Infants & Toddlers
american recovery reinvestment act1
American Recovery & Reinvestment Act
  • $10 billion for Title I;
    • State can reserve 4 percent for school improvement.
    • The new ESEA regulations will apply to the new dollars.
      • Districts will be permitted to apply for a waiver to prevent them from having to set aside funding, such as SES.
    • Need to report per pupil expenditure from state and local funds for every school by December 1, 2009.
  • $3 billion for School Improvement Grants;
    • Money will be targeted to bottom 5% performing schools in each states.
    • Schools will have to choose one of four possible interventions.
      • Turnaround, Restart, School Closure, Transformation
changes in the title i regulations
Changes in the Title I Regulations

Secretary proposed changes to the Spellings regulations:

States will not have to adjust their cohort size to be under 30.

Secretary will work with states to make allowances for students who take 5 or 6 years to graduate.

Change will allow states a one year waiver from 14 day parental notification for public school choice.

Regulations will propose allowing schools and districts to provide SES regardless of INOI status.

Will appear in Fed Register for Public Comment

american recovery reinvestment act2
American Recovery & Reinvestment Act
  • $650 million for Title II, Part D: Education Technology;
  • $250 million for states to develop longitudinal data systems;
  • $200 million for the Teacher Incentive Fund (including merit pay)
  • $70 million for the McKinney-Vento Homeless Act;
  • $100 million for Teacher Training, Title II of Higher Education Act

American Recovery & Reinvestment Act

  • $53.6 billion for a state stabilization fund, including
    • $39.5 billion for states to fund cuts to K-12 and higher education;
      • Can spend anywhere in ESEA, IDEA, Perkins Career & Tech, Adult Family Literacy or for school modernization.
    • $5 billion “Race to the Top” Fundto be based on distribution of teachers, creation of longitudinal data systems, development of assessments for special education and ELL and efforts in school improvement (including$650 million innovation grants); and
    • $8.8 billion for states to spend anywhere within their state budget, including education & school construction;

Meeting the Assurances under the SFSF

  • Achieving Equity in Teacher Distribution
    • # of HQT – broken down by Free and Reduced Lunch data
    • Describe the systems used to evaluate teachers & principals
    • # & % of teachers and principals at each level of the evaluation system
    • Is this information publicly accessible?
    • % of teacher evaluations systems include student performance

Meeting the Assurances under the SFSF

  • Improving the Collection and Use of Data
    • Progress towards 12 elements in the COMPETES Act
    • Does the state provide teachers with reports on the impact of individual teachers on student achievement?

Meeting the Assurances under the SFSF

  • Improving the Quality of Standards and Assessments
    • Approval of the state’s assessments under ESEA
    • State enhancing the quality of their assessments
    • The quality of assessments for students with disabilities and ELL students.
    • # and % of students taking alternative assessments.
    • Appropriateness of accommodations? Native language assessments?
    • NAEP results in reading and math
    • # & % of high school graduates, using cohort model
    • # of graduates who enroll in higher ed
    • # of graduates who complete one year college credit within two years of high school graduation

Meeting the Assurances under the SFSF

  • Supporting Struggling Schools
    • # & % of schools in improvement, corrective action or restructuring who have improved, been turned around, consolidated or closed.
    • # and identity of schools in the lowest achieving five percent that have turned around, consolidated or closed & number that are secondary schools
    • # of charter schools allowed in the state
    • # of charter schools currently operating
    • # and identity of charter schools that have closed in the last 5 years.
    • Reason for which a charter was closed: financial, enrollment, academic or other reasons.
The Department is proposing increasing the amount the states can set aside of the ARRA Title I and IDEA dollars to help meet the increased costs of the data collections.

This will mean less Title I and IDEA dollars for districts.

In addition to the state longitudinal data systems funding.

No money is provided to assist districts with their data collection costs.

Comments were due on September 16th!

One more thing…


Race to the Top

States will have to submit “plans for reform” that will be comprehensive, coherent, integrating and incorporate all four assurances under the SFSF.

State must have both Phase 1 and Phase 2 applications approved.

State may not have any statute or regs prohibiting the linking of student achievement data to teacher evaluations.

Applications will be available late in 2009 and again in the late spring, 2010.

Over 1,100 comments were received by the Department.


Innovation Fund

  • $650 million available through competitive grants to school districts and non-profits through winter and spring windows
  • Grants will be given out in three tiers:
    • Pure Innovation Grants - $5 million for new programs.
    • Strategic Investment Grants - $30 million for current programs that need to build a research base or expand organizational capacity.
    • Grow What Works Grants - $50 million to scale up current proven programs

Innovation Fund

  • Applications will focus on:
    • Outcomes: improve student achievement and college ready graduates
    • Evidence: looking for quality and relevant evidence for practices that will scale up. (innovative programs can’t meet this)
    • Learning: not only focus on student learning but what can the broader community learn from the project.
    • Sustainability: limited funding window, how will program continue?
    • Scalability: feasibility to expand programming
what does this mean for reauthorization of esea
What does this mean for Reauthorization of ESEA?

Secretary Duncan has made it clear that ESEA will not be their first priority.

The House committee plans to being discussions off of their draft version of ESEA from two years ago.

The committee composition has not really changed.

Senator Harkin (Iowa) has been named the new chairman of the Senate HELP Committee

Lots of new members on the committee

Enormous staff turnover plus Harkin must staff up.

The reality? Reauthorization will be difficult to complete this Congress but a lot of progress will occur next year.

next steps time for you to get involved
Next Steps: Time for You to Get Involved
  • All of these proposals are the basis for ESEA reauthorization
  • Send us your implementation questions.
    • We will try to get them answered.
  • Looking for examples of innovative uses.
  • Work at the state level to ensure maximum $$ to K-12 education.
  • Spend these dollars quickly but carefully.
    • This will be the baseline for all future education increases. If we do it right it will be easier to secure dollars in the future.
any questions
Any questions?

Mary KuslerAssistant Director, Advocacy & PolicyAmerican Association of School Administrators801 N. Quincy Street, Suite 700Arlington, VA 22203(703) 875-