happy un- = not; opposite of unhappy unclear unpaid unlock
Spec, spect, spic (to see, watch, or observe) • circumspect • circum = around, on all sides • Dictionary—careful to consider all related circumstances before acting, judging, or deciding spectacular spectacle = a show -ar = a noun or adjective forming suffix Dictionary—an elaborate show or display (noun); of or like a spectacle, or show 2. unusual to a striking degree; characterized by a great display, as of daring
Introspection caused the man to circumspect conspicuous things in his life.
"A morpheme is the smallest meaningful linguistic unit. Compound words, prefixes, suffixes, and roots are the morphemes helpful for students learning to read and write because they are use in hundreds of words" (Henry, 2003, p. 38).
Attention to word parts to reveal the meanings of unfamiliar words is a process that goes on all the time. For instance, if a reader encounters a word such as "patricide" in a contextual setting, the reader is likely to focus on the morphemes of the word, "patri-" and "-cide" to determine its meaning, particularly if the context is anomalous, or provides no clear interpretation. Such a anomalous context would be:
Robert has committed patricide.Uxoricide is the ultimate form of martial abuse.
Two types of morphemes: Free morphemes are generally Anglo-Saxon base words that can stand alone as a word in English. These words may be made up of one or more syllables (elephant, hermit, cat, dollar, etc.).
Two types of morphemes: • Bound morphemes work as meaningful units only in combination with other morphemes. • Bound morphemes must be combined with others and never stand alone (spiteful, womanly, defected, amorous)" (Moats, 2000, p. 61). • These include the suffixes that are grammatical endings such as -ed, -est, and -ing. • Bound roots; and prefixes and suffixes, including parts such as peri-, ex-, bi-, fer-, tract, -ject, -ity, - ible, and -ment.
distractionpg. 324 dis- = apart tract = to draw distract = to draw apart; to draw (the mind, attention, etc.) away in another direction; divert -tion = noun forming suffix meaning the act of ____ing I have a feeling it drove Cato to distraction.
disturbinglypg. 325 dis- = intens. turb = to disorder -ing = the act or instance of -ly = suffix forming adverbs Peeta shakes his head. “No, he’s keeping a disturbingly low profile.”
inadvertently (pg. 332) in- = not ad- = to vert = to turn advert = to call attention or turn one’s attention (to) -ent = forming adjectives that shows or does advertent adj. = paying attention; heedful -ly = suffix forming adverbs (modifying a verb, adj., phrase) As it dies the creature lashes out, inadvetently, opening gashes on a few of its companions.
unintelligiblepg. 332 un- = a prefix no, not, lack of, the opposite of inter- = between; among logic = a word, reckoning, thought [base is leg which means to gather; pick; choose] -a(i)ble = suffix forming adjectives [worthy of being ___________ed] He coughs out something unintelligible.
preoccupiedpg. 332 pre- = prefix meaning before in time, earlier (than) ob- = prefix meaning completely, totally cup (capere) = to take possession of; possess -ed = of an ending of past tense Then I remember Cato waiting at the top and whip around, but he’s doubled over with cramps and apparently more preoccupied with the mutts than us.
apparently pg. 332 ap (ad-) = to par (pearere) = to come forth, be visible -ent = adj. forming suffix -ly = adverb forming suffix Then I remember Cato waiting at the top and whip around, but he’s doubled over with cramps and apparently more preoccupied with the mutts than us.
recognitionpg. 334 re- = again cogn = to know -tion = noun forming suffix meaning the act of ____ing I hear Peeta’s gasp of recognition.
revokedpg. 342 re- = back vok (vocare) to call -ed = of an ending of past tense The earlier revision has been revoked.
revision pg. 342 re- = back vis = to see (revise = to change or amend) -ion = noun forming suffix meaning the act of ____ing The earlier revision has been revoked.
asphyxiationpg. 336 a- = not sphyx (ks) = to throb -tion = noun forming suffix meaning the act of ____ing Loss of consciousness as a result of too little oxygen and too much carbon dioxide in the blood If I don’t do something quickly, he’ll die of asphyxiation and then I’ll have lost him and Cato will probably use his body as a weapon against me.
communicatepg. 333 com- = together muni (mei) = to exchange -ate = verb forming suffix (to form produce) Dictionary: to give or exchange information This must be how they communicate because the pack backs up as if to make room.
reflexivelypg. 336 re- = back flex = to bend -ive = having the nature or quality of [supportive] 2 tending to, given to [retrospective] -ly = suffix forming adverbs (modifying a verb, adj., phrase) He cries out reflexively and releases Peeta who slams back against him.
indicationpg. 340 in- = to dict = to point out, declare -ate = verb forming suffix (to form produce) -tion = noun forming suffix meaning the act of ____ing Dictionary: something that points out The only indication of the passage of time lies in the heaves, the subtle shift of the moon.
eliminatingpg. 343 e- = out limi (limen) = threshold (akin to boundary) -ate = verb forming suffix (to form produce) -ing = the act or instance of Dictionary-to take out; remove; get rid of (original meaning to turn out of doors, banish) He leans down and rips the bandage off his led, eliminating the final barrier between his blood and the earth.
desperatelypg. 343 de- = without sper (sperare) = to hope -ate = adj. having or filled with -ly = suffix forming adverbs (modifying a verb, adj., phrase) Dictionary: a) driven to or resulting from loss of hope; rash or violent because of despair b)having a very great desire, need, ect. I’m on my knees, desperately plastering the bandage back onto his wound.
inexplicablypg. 3 in- = not ex- = out plic (plicare) = to fold -a(i)ble = suffix forming adjectives [worthy of being ___________ed] -ly = suffix forming adverbs (modifying a verb, adj., phrase) Dictionary: that cannot be explained My first arrow hits his chest and inexplicably falls aside.
adversaries pg. 79 ad- = to veres = turn opposite -ary = noun forming -es = plural Dictionary: a person who opposes or fights against another Presenting ourselves not as adversaries but as friends has distinguished us as much as the fiery costumes.
distinguished pg. 79 • dis- = apart • tingu(stinguere) = to prick, pierce • -ish = verb forming suffix • -ed = past tense • Dictionary: to separate and classify • Presenting ourselves not as adversaries but as friends has distinguished us as much as the fiery costumes.
irredeemably pg. 104 • in- = no, not, without: it becomes ir- before r • re- = back • deem (emere) to get, buy • -a(i)ble = suffix forming adjectives [worthy of being ___________ed] • -ly = suffix forming adverbs (modifying a verb, adj., phrase) • Dictionary: that cannot be changed; hopeless • The number, which is between one and twelve, one being irredeemably bad and twelve being unattainably high, signifies the promise of the tribute.
unattainablypg. 104 • un- = no, not • ad- = to; becomes at- before t • tain(tangere) = to touch • -a(i)ble = suffix forming adjectives [worthy of being ___________ed] • -ly = suffix forming adverbs (modifying a verb, adj., phrase) • Dictionary: not able to gain through effort; accomplish, achieve • The number, which is between one and twelve, one being irredeemably bad and twelve being unattainably high, signifies the promise of the tribute.
magnanimous mag-ˈna-nə-məs • magni- = great, big, large • anim (animus) = mind, soul • -ous = adj. forming suffix • Dictionary: high-souled, noble in mind generous in overlooking injury or insult; rising above pettiness or meanness • I’m willing to give you the first shot. Am I not the most magnanimous of murderers?
recalcitrant ri-ˈkal-sə-trənt • re- = back • calcitr(calcitrare) to kick • -ant = adj. forming suffix • Dictionary: refusing to obey authority 2. hard to handle or deal with • He might be a bit recalcitrant at present, but he’ll come across.
malevolently mə-ˈle-və-lənt-lē • male (mal) = evil • vol(volens) = to wish • -ent = adj. forming suffix • -ly = adverb forming suffix • Dictionary: wishing evil or harm to others • He touched the door handle with a saliva-tipped fingertip, and it hissed malevolently at him.