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Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections. 20.3. OBJECTIVES. Describe how STDs can be spread List ways STDs damage a person’s health Identify the symptoms & treatments of common bacterial, viral, & parasitic STDs

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objectives
OBJECTIVES
  • Describe how STDs can be spread
  • List ways STDs damage a person’s health
  • Identify the symptoms & treatments of common bacterial, viral, & parasitic STDs
  • Describe the symptoms & treatments of common STDs caused by viruses & parasites
  • State the responsibilities of people who think they may be infected
how are stds spread
How Are STDs Spread?

Sexual activity that:

  • Brings an uninfected person in contact w/body fluids from an infected person
  • Contact between one person’s genitals & another person’s skin or mucous membranes – 1 person is infected
  • Direct contact w/open sores
  • A mother to her baby before birth, during birth, or breast-feeding
mistaken ideas
MISTAKEN IDEAS
  • Most viruses that cause STDs cannot be spread through kissing, sharing eating utensils, holding hands, or using public toilets.
  • Not all STDs can be treated & cured
  • Herpes is for life! (The gift that keeps on giving)
beliefs vs reality
BELIEFS vs. REALITY

“It is best to see if an STD goes away on its own before seeing a doctor.”

  • Most STDs do not go away.
  • Symptoms going away does not mean your are cured.

“Washing the genitals after sex prevents STDs.”

“Birth-control pills prevent STDs.”

beliefs vs reality1
BELIEFS vs. REALITY

“The medicine prescribed for one kind of STD will cure any STD.

  • Each STD is unique & requires its own medicine

“If one sex partner is treated for an STD, the other partner does not need to be treated.”

  • Both need to be treated so they don’t reinfect each other
how stds can damage your health
How STDs Can Damage Your Health

Some STDs:

  • cause painful sores that can recur throughout your lifetime.
  • lead to brain damage or cancer
  • cause infertility
  • are fatal
babies stds
Babies & STDs

Some STDs can:

  • cause a miscarriage
  • cause blindness in a newborn as they travel down the birth canal
  • most newborns are automatically given eye drops at the hospital to help prevent blindness
what are the different types of std s
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF STD’s?
  • Bacterial – curable
  • Viral – non-curable
  • Parasites - curable
4 most common stds caused by bacteria
4 Most Common STDs Caused By Bacteria
  • Chlamydia
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis
  • Cured w/antibiotics
  • Will not cause permanent damage if treated early
chlamydia bacterial symptoms often none
Females

Pain urinating

Vaginal discharge or bleeding

Pelvic Pain

Males

Pain urinating

Discharge from the penis

If Left Untreated

CHLAMYDIA – BacterialSymptoms - Often None

Highest rate of infection in 15 – 19 year olds.

More new cases in U.S. than any other STD

chlamydia left untreated
CHLAMYDIA Left Untreated

Females

  • Infertility
  • Tubal pregnancies
  • PID – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Males

  • Injury to reproductive organs
  • Swollen & tender testicles

Infants of Infected Mothers

  • Illness
  • Blindness
pelvic inflammatory disease pid females only symptoms
Bacterial

Caused by the migration of a bacterial infection from the vagina

Pelvic pain

Vaginal discharge

Long & painful periods

Spotting between periods

Fever

Painful urination

Nausea

PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID) Females only - symptoms
pid if left untreated
PID – If Left Untreated
  • Infertility
  • Tubal pregnancies
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • May require surgery to correct
gonorrhea bacterial symptoms often none
GONORRHEA – BacterialSymptoms – Often None
  • Infects mucous membranes, including the genital mucous membranes
  • Discharge
  • Painful urination
  • Left untreated – PID in females – scarring of urethra in men (painful urination)
syphilis bacterial
SYPHILIS - Bacterial
  • Transmitted by touching & sexual contact
  • Symptoms/signs: Causes ulcers or chancres

STAGES:

    • 1. chancre
    • 2. rash
    • 3. none= death
  • Cured with antibiotics in stages 1 & 2
  • If untreated, it can lead to mental & physical disabilities & premature death
syphilis
SYPHILIS

SYPHILIS

4 common stds caused by viruses
4 Common STDs Caused By Viruses
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Genital Herpes
  • Hepatitis
  • Human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV)
  • Symptoms can be treated
  • There is NO CURE for viral STDs
human papilloma virus hpv genital warts
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)(Genital Warts)
  • Transmitted by touching and sexual contact
  • Symptoms/signs: warts or bumps
  • It can cause cervical cancer in females
  • No cure - can be removed with laser treatment
slide47

HPV

GENITAL WARTS

genital herpes type ii
GENITAL HERPES (TYPE II)
  • Virus
  • Transmitted sexually and kissing
  • Symptoms/signs: blisters (not always)
  • No cure! Medicine to reduce outbreaks
hepatitis b virus
HEPATITIS B - Virus
  • Attacks liver
  • Transmitted through
    • Urine
    • Saliva
    • Blood
    • Semen
    • Vaginal secretions
  • Symptoms/signs:
    • Dark urine
    • Yellow skin
    • Yellow eyes “jaundice”
  • No cure!
3 common stds caused by parasites
3 Common STDs Caused By Parasites
  • Pubic lice
  • Scabies
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Can be cured with medication
  • If treated early, they will not cause permanent damage to your health
pubic lice crabs parasite
PUBIC LICE “CRABS” - Parasite
  • Transmitted by casual & sexual contact, sharing towels, sharing clothes, sleeping in bed w/crabs
  • Symptoms/signs:
    • Bite marks/scabs
    • Constant itching
  • Cured w/special soaps & bleaching entire house
slide81

PUBIC LICE –

INFECTING THE EYE

scabies parasitic
SCABIES - Parasitic
  • Mites
  • Transmitted by sexual & casual contact
  • Symptoms/signs: itching
  • Cured by using medicated shampoos & lotions
trichomoniasis parasitic
Trichomoniasis - Parasitic
  • Usually passed sexually,
  • Can be picked up from contact w/damp or moist objects such as
    • towels,
    • wet clothing,
    • or a toilet seat, if the genital area gets in contact w/these damp or moist objects.
trichomoniasis symptoms
TRICHOMONIASIS - Symptoms
  • Usually none
  • If women do have symptoms, they usually appear 5 to 28 days after exposure & can include:
  • yellow, green, or gray vaginal discharge (often foamy) with a strong odor
  • discomfort during sex and when urinating
  • irritation and itching in the genital area
  • lower abdominal pain in rare cases
being responsible about stds
Being Responsible About STDs
  • Seek medical help right away
  • Complete the full course of medications
  • Have follow-up testing done
  • Avoid all sexual activity while being treated
  • Notify all sexual partners