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HISTORY. OF JOURNALISM. BIRTH of journalism. History of JOURNALISM=history of TECHNOLOGY Every society spreads news… Story of Marathon (490 B.C.) Wandering minstrels (middle ages 400’s-1400’s). 1400’s. Printing press (around 1440) Gutenberg (Johann). 1500’s. CENSORSHIP! Henry VIII

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history

HISTORY

OF JOURNALISM

birth of journalism
BIRTH of journalism
  • History of JOURNALISM=history of TECHNOLOGY
  • Every society spreads news…
      • Story of Marathon (490 B.C.)
      • Wandering minstrels (middle ages 400’s-1400’s)
1400 s
1400’s
  • Printing press (around 1440)
    • Gutenberg (Johann)
1500 s
1500’s
  • CENSORSHIP!
    • Henry VIII
      • List of prohibited books
      • Forced printers to obtain licenses
      • Arrests for sedition (rebelling against authority)
      • “unfitting worddes”
1600 s
1600’s
  • 1610 – First weekly newspapers
    • Cologne and Vienna
  • 1644 – John Milton (poet) pleas for free speech (Areopagitica)
    • US later modeled free press rights after this
  • 1690 - First American newspaper starts/fails
    • Boston Publick Occurrences
1700 s
1700’s
  • 1704 – First successful American newspaper
      • The Boston News-Letter
  • 1729 – BEN FRANKLIN Pennsylvania Gazette
      • Bold! Best paper!
  • Postriders (throughout 1700’s) delivered news
  • 1735 – Freedom of the press
    • John Paul Zenger – libel (NY Governor) acquitted!
  • 1765 – Stamp Act!
    • Raised prices 50%...repealed after violent protest
    • (Boston Tea Party 1773, Tea act 1773)
1700 s continued
1700’s continued…
  • 1776—Declaration of Independence printed in more than 20 colonial newspapers
  • 1783—First DAILY U.S. newspaper
  • 1791—BILL OF RIGHTS!

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

1800 s
1800’s
  • 1825 – First cylinder press!
1830 s
1830’s
  • Homing pigeons!

(500 mpd)

  • Pony Express!
1840 s
1840’s
  • Telegraph!
    • Long-distance reporting
  • Fredrick Douglass
    • The North Star
    • Fighting slavery
1850 s
1850’s
  • NEW YORK TIMES
1860 1870 s
1860-1870’s
  • HUNDREDS of reporters cover a big event
    • What was it?
    • Civil War!
  • First (practical) typewriter invented
  • 1876
    • What was invented?
    • Telephone!
1880 90 s
1880-90’s
  • First PHOTOGRAPH
  • First bylines
  • YELLOW Journalism
    • HEARST
    • PULITZER
    • WAR with Spain
1900 s
1900’s
  • Early 1900’s--Mudrackers! Expose injustice! Write for REFORM!
  • 1920 – First regular RADIO SCHEDULE!
  • 1934 – ASSOCIATED PRESS (photos)
  • 1939 – Commercial TELEVISION
  • 1963 – Kennedy assassination watched by 96% of people who had TVs.
1900 s cont
1900’s cont.
  • 1945 – 2,000 Americans owned televisions
  • 1960 – 90% of American homes had TV
  • Late 1960’s – Anti-war UNDERGROUND newspapers!
  • 1974 – Nixon brought down by investigative reporting.
  • 1976 – Apple II (home computer)
  • 1976 – Nintendo!
1900 s cont1
1900’s cont.
  • 1980 – Ted Turner– CNN! First 24-hour news channel
  • 1982 – USA Today
    • SHOCKING!
    • Short
    • Colorful
  • 1990’s – Internet wires the planet!
what s next
What’s next?
  • WikiLeaks
  • Wikipedia
  • Print newspapers are dwindling
  • On-line news sources
    • Photos
    • Videos
    • Links
    • Interactive
your task
YOUR TASK!
  • Make a timeline!
  • Include 10 key events in the history of journalism.
  • Be creative!
  • Work alone or with a partner.
  • Make it memorable!
  • Suggestions: Inspiration…string and paper…PowerPoint…Timeglider.com…Comic Life…
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