Unit 6 “We’ve Been Hit!”
Lesson 1: Overview • Warming up • Background • New words and expressions • A global understanding
Warming-Up • What do you know about the 9.11 attack? • It happened on __________________. • __________________ in New York City was attacked by _______________________. • As a result of the terrorist attack, __________ ________ collapsed. • Nearly _______ people were killed in the terrorist attack. September 11, 2001 World Trade Center two hijacked jet planes the twin towers 3000
Background 基地组织 • On the morning of September 11, 2001, Al-Qaeda-affiliated hijackers flew two Boeing 767 jets into the complex, one into each tower, in a coordinated suicide attack, resulting in 2,750 deaths.
In Washington D.C. A third hijacked airliner crashed into the Pentagon. Many government buildings including the White House were evacuated for fear they could be targets as well. A portion of the builder later collapsed.
Pentagon • The headquarters of the United States Department of Defense • As a symbol of the U.S. military, "the Pentagon" is often used metonymically to refer to the Department of Defense rather than the building itself.
Who did this? • Investigations into who was behind the terrorist attacks began just hours after the first plane struck the north tower. • Almost immediately the finger of suspicion was pointed at exiled Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden and his group of followers known as al Qaeda, or "The Base." 持不同政见者
Background • The World Trade Center (sometimes referred as WTC or Twin Towers) was a complex located in the heart of New York City's downtown financial district.
The Designer • Minoru Yamasaki (山崎實1912-1986) was a Japanese-American architect • The completion of the 110-story twin towers, which are 411 meters high, took 7 years. World trade means world peace; the World Trade Center buildings in New York are living symbol of man’s dedication to world peace.
9/11 Survivor Stories • The story of Adam Mayblum, a survivor at the World Trade Center is said to be real. • Rumor has it that within 24 hours after the 9/11 disaster, Adam Mayblum wrote about his experience in a 2100-word email entitled “The Price We Pay”, and then sent it to his 25 relatives and friends. • Afterwards, the email was forwarded to all over the world.
New Words & Expressions • Reading aloud (page 76) • Understanding • Derivation • Differentiation
Meaning & Use • Window shade & drawstring = <BrE> blind
Meaning & Use • illusion • The magical ~ is created using mirrors, lights, and paint. • The mirror gives an ~ of depth. • Did you see a young or an old woman in the picture?
Meaning & Use • Careen • A heavy flood tide caused my vessel to ~ dizzily. • The car ~ed around the corner. 汽车歪歪斜斜疾驶拐过街角。
Meaning & Use • Soak • She spent some time ~ing in a hot bath. • The rain poured down, ~ing their hair. Foot Soak
Meaning & Use • Stairwell (楼梯井) & Flight (一段楼梯) • Stairway, staircase, stairwell, flight of stairs or simply stairs are names for a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.
Meaning & Use • calf Measure the Calf
Meaning & Use • Spasm • His body was jerking in quick ~s. 他的身体在一阵接一阵剧烈地抽搐。 • An earthquake rippled in ~s along the plain. 在平原上发生一阵阵的地震。
Meaning & Use • Stoop • He ~ed down and reached towards the coin. • They ~ed to pick up the shells.
Meaning & Use • Guinea pig • It is now typically kept as a pet or for laboratory research. • There were experiments of which the POW’s are to be the ~s. 拿战俘充当实验品的实验
Meaning & Use • Butt • Hip • Buttocks • Bottom • Behind • Backside Big Butt Chairs
Meaning & Use • Heavyset (euphemism) • Overweight (more polite) • Plump (of women) • Chubby (of babies) • Stout (rather fat & heavy) • Obese (unhealthily fat)
Related Words • Beer belly Love handle Double chin
Getting to know the words stoop • I had to s________ to go through the low doorway. • She claimed to be d_____________ from George Washington. • There was sheer p____________ in the dance hall when someone shouted “Fire!” • He was faced with the d__________ of whether or not to return to his country. descended pandemonium dilemma
Getting to know the words • They’re going to London first, but their u___________ destination is Rome. • Prayers were said for souls in p_________. • A bus r_________ along the road at the top of the path. • The waves l_________ against the smooth cliffs. ultimate purgatory rumbled lashed
Getting to know the words calf • Her ______ love ended when Daisy had to say goodbye to her science teacher upon graduation. • In the heat of midafternoon the women would draw the ________, spread blankets on the floor for coolness and nap. • Students in fifty school are to act as _____ _____ for these teaching methods. shades guinea pigs
Getting to know the words stairwell • Ron would wait at the ____________ every morning, hoping to see the beautiful girl again. • I’ve been on a diet for two weeks now, and it’s ____________! • After swimming for half an hour, my legs suddenly went into __________. purgatory spasm
Word Derivation lash scoff rip soak stoop sway rumble descend transference
Word Derivation illusionary purgatorial spasmodic morality ultimate rumble devastation butt
Word Differentiation Careen vs. Career • The car _________ uncontrollably down the hill and into a tree. • As the carriage __________ down the hill, the passengers were thrown roughly from side to side. • The vehicle _________ across the road and hit a cyclist. careered =go at full speed careened <esp. AmE> =lurch careered =rush wildly
Word Differentiation Illusion vs. Allusion • He cherished the ___________ that she loved him, but he was wrong. • His statement was seen as an _________ to the recent drug-related killings. • I have no _______ about his ability — he's just no good. • Her poetry is full of obscure literary ______. 她的诗随处可见晦涩的文学典故。 illusion allusion illusion allusion
Word Differentiation Stoop vs. Stop • A security guard was killed trying to _____ a raid. • He tends to _______ because he is so tall. • He used to _______, but he did exercises to make his shoulders straight. • She'd ________ to anything to get her own way. stop stoop stoop stoop
Word Differentiation Descent vs. Ascent • The first balloon _________ was in 1783. • Richard was of French ________ on his mother’s side. • The old man had difficulty climbing the steep ________. • The aircraft was making a very steep ________. ascent descent ascent descent
Word Differentiation Moral vs. Mortal • Her reputation suffered a _______ blow as a result of the scandal. • I can't help your scheme with money, but I'll give you ________ support. • She lives in _________ terror of her husband's anger. mortal moral mortal
A Global Understanding • What is the text mainly about? • A particular episode in the disaster that occurred on September 11, 2001 in New York City • What is the author’s purpose of writing? • To illustrate some people’s great courage to help others in the presence of disaster.
Structure of the Text • Part One (para.1) • the common people's perception about the WTC • Part Two (para.2-9) • the initial reaction of people inside the WTC when the building was hit
Structure of the Text • Part Three (para.10-30) • how the three people endeavored to save a heavyset man with their joint efforts • Part Four (para.31-34) • the gathering of some of the survivors and victims' family members in memory of the dead after the disaster
Thank you! To be continued.
Lesson 2: Overview • Detailed Study of the Text • Comprehension • Language Points • Sentences • Word Review
Comprehension Questions • What do you know about Adam Mayblum? • Where was his office? • What did Mayblum think of the WTC before the building was hit? • How many people were there in the WTC before it was hit? • What did the author mean by saying “For some, it was a matter of geography…”?
Language Points • Declarative Questions (para.1) • I forgot the milk. • You forgot the milk? (to show surprise, joy etc.) • You realize the risks? (to expect a positive answer) • You think it good? (to show disapproval or sarcasm)
Language Points • In flames (opening remarks) • The car was engulfed in flames. [mass noun] • The dry sticks burst into flame(s). • Sway (para.1): swing from side to side slowly
Language Points • Careen (para.2): rush forward in an uncontrollable way • The truck sways wildly, careening down narrow mountain roads. • A matter of (para.4) • The difference between a white collar worker and a blue collar worker is simply a matter of shirt preference.
Language Points • Purgatory (para.3): • Purgatory is the place where Roman Catholics believe the spirits of dead people are sent to suffer for their sins before they go to heaven. (炼狱) • He's so impatient that waiting in a queue is sheer purgatory for him!
Comprehension Questions • How did people react after the WTC was hit? • What did Mayblum do? • Who was Harry Ramos? • Who was Hong Zhu? • What did Mayblum see on the 78th floor?
Language Points • Off and on (para.7): intermittently • I was still working on and off (off and on) as a waitress to support myself. • He has been working at the book off and on for over 20 years. • Bolt (para.8): start suddenly • He ~ed down a hurried breakfast. • The horse ~ed at the sound of the shot
Language Points • Ankle (para.8) • Sparks (para.8)
Language Points • Transfer lobby (para.9) a room providing space for people to change from one elevator to another