“We’ve Been Hit!” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Unit 6 “We’ve Been Hit!”

  2. Lesson 1: Overview • Warming up • Background • New words and expressions • A global understanding

  3. Warming-Up • What do you know about the 9.11 attack? • It happened on __________________. • __________________ in New York City was attacked by _______________________. • As a result of the terrorist attack, __________ ________ collapsed. • Nearly _______ people were killed in the terrorist attack. September 11, 2001 World Trade Center two hijacked jet planes the twin towers 3000

  4. Background 基地组织 • On the morning of September 11, 2001, Al-Qaeda-affiliated hijackers flew two Boeing 767 jets into the complex, one into each tower, in a coordinated suicide attack, resulting in 2,750 deaths.

  5. In Washington D.C. A third hijacked airliner crashed into the Pentagon. Many government buildings including the White House were evacuated for fear they could be targets as well. A portion of the builder later collapsed.

  6. Pentagon • The headquarters of the United States Department of Defense • As a symbol of the U.S. military, "the Pentagon" is often used metonymically to refer to the Department of Defense rather than the building itself.

  7. Who did this? • Investigations into who was behind the terrorist attacks began just hours after the first plane struck the north tower. • Almost immediately the finger of suspicion was pointed at exiled Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden and his group of followers known as al Qaeda, or "The Base." 持不同政见者

  8. Background • The World Trade Center (sometimes referred as WTC or Twin Towers) was a complex located in the heart of New York City's downtown financial district.

  9. The Designer • Minoru Yamasaki (山崎實1912-1986) was a Japanese-American architect • The completion of the 110-story twin towers, which are 411 meters high, took 7 years. World trade means world peace; the World Trade Center buildings in New York are living symbol of man’s dedication to world peace.

  10. 9/11 Survivor Stories • The story of Adam Mayblum, a survivor at the World Trade Center is said to be real. • Rumor has it that within 24 hours after the 9/11 disaster, Adam Mayblum wrote about his experience in a 2100-word email entitled “The Price We Pay”, and then sent it to his 25 relatives and friends. • Afterwards, the email was forwarded to all over the world.

  11. New Words & Expressions • Reading aloud (page 76) • Understanding • Derivation • Differentiation

  12. Meaning & Use • Window shade & drawstring = <BrE> blind

  13. Meaning & Use • illusion • The magical ~ is created using mirrors, lights, and paint. • The mirror gives an ~ of depth. • Did you see a young or an old woman in the picture?

  14. Meaning & Use • Careen • A heavy flood tide caused my vessel to ~ dizzily. • The car ~ed around the corner. 汽车歪歪斜斜疾驶拐过街角。

  15. Meaning & Use • Soak • She spent some time ~ing in a hot bath. • The rain poured down, ~ing their hair. Foot Soak

  16. Meaning & Use • Stairwell (楼梯井) & Flight (一段楼梯) • Stairway, staircase, stairwell, flight of stairs or simply stairs are names for a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.

  17. Meaning & Use • calf Measure the Calf

  18. Meaning & Use • Spasm • His body was jerking in quick ~s. 他的身体在一阵接一阵剧烈地抽搐。 • An earthquake rippled in ~s along the plain. 在平原上发生一阵阵的地震。

  19. Meaning & Use • Stoop • He ~ed down and reached towards the coin. • They ~ed to pick up the shells.

  20. Meaning & Use • Guinea pig • It is now typically kept as a pet or for laboratory research. • There were experiments of which the POW’s are to be the ~s. 拿战俘充当实验品的实验

  21. Meaning & Use • Butt • Hip • Buttocks • Bottom • Behind • Backside Big Butt Chairs

  22. Meaning & Use • Heavyset (euphemism) • Overweight (more polite) • Plump (of women) • Chubby (of babies) • Stout (rather fat & heavy) • Obese (unhealthily fat)

  23. Related Words • Beer belly Love handle Double chin

  24. Getting to know the words stoop • I had to s________ to go through the low doorway. • She claimed to be d_____________ from George Washington. • There was sheer p____________ in the dance hall when someone shouted “Fire!” • He was faced with the d__________ of whether or not to return to his country. descended pandemonium dilemma

  25. Getting to know the words • They’re going to London first, but their u___________ destination is Rome. • Prayers were said for souls in p_________. • A bus r_________ along the road at the top of the path. • The waves l_________ against the smooth cliffs. ultimate purgatory rumbled lashed

  26. Getting to know the words calf • Her ______ love ended when Daisy had to say goodbye to her science teacher upon graduation. • In the heat of midafternoon the women would draw the ________, spread blankets on the floor for coolness and nap. • Students in fifty school are to act as _____ _____ for these teaching methods. shades guinea pigs

  27. Getting to know the words stairwell • Ron would wait at the ____________ every morning, hoping to see the beautiful girl again. • I’ve been on a diet for two weeks now, and it’s ____________! • After swimming for half an hour, my legs suddenly went into __________. purgatory spasm

  28. Word Derivation lash scoff rip soak stoop sway rumble descend transference

  29. Word Derivation illusionary purgatorial spasmodic morality ultimate rumble devastation butt

  30. Word Differentiation Careen vs. Career • The car _________ uncontrollably down the hill and into a tree. • As the carriage __________ down the hill, the passengers were thrown roughly from side to side. • The vehicle _________ across the road and hit a cyclist. careered =go at full speed careened <esp. AmE> =lurch careered =rush wildly

  31. Word Differentiation Illusion vs. Allusion • He cherished the ___________ that she loved him, but he was wrong. • His statement was seen as an _________ to the recent drug-related killings. • I have no _______ about his ability — he's just no good. • Her poetry is full of obscure literary ______. 她的诗随处可见晦涩的文学典故。 illusion allusion illusion allusion

  32. Word Differentiation Stoop vs. Stop • A security guard was killed trying to _____ a raid. • He tends to _______ because he is so tall. • He used to _______, but he did exercises to make his shoulders straight. • She'd ________ to anything to get her own way. stop stoop stoop stoop

  33. Word Differentiation Descent vs. Ascent • The first balloon _________ was in 1783. • Richard was of French ________ on his mother’s side. • The old man had difficulty climbing the steep ________. • The aircraft was making a very steep ________. ascent descent ascent descent

  34. Word Differentiation Moral vs. Mortal • Her reputation suffered a _______ blow as a result of the scandal. • I can't help your scheme with money, but I'll give you ________ support. • She lives in _________ terror of her husband's anger. mortal moral mortal

  35. A Global Understanding • What is the text mainly about? • A particular episode in the disaster that occurred on September 11, 2001 in New York City • What is the author’s purpose of writing? • To illustrate some people’s great courage to help others in the presence of disaster.

  36. Structure of the Text • Part One (para.1) • the common people's perception about the WTC • Part Two (para.2-9) • the initial reaction of people inside the WTC when the building was hit

  37. Structure of the Text • Part Three (para.10-30) • how the three people endeavored to save a heavyset man with their joint efforts • Part Four (para.31-34) • the gathering of some of the survivors and victims' family members in memory of the dead after the disaster

  38. Thank you! To be continued.

  39. Lesson 2: Overview • Detailed Study of the Text • Comprehension • Language Points • Sentences • Word Review

  40. Comprehension Questions • What do you know about Adam Mayblum? • Where was his office? • What did Mayblum think of the WTC before the building was hit? • How many people were there in the WTC before it was hit? • What did the author mean by saying “For some, it was a matter of geography…”?

  41. 87th May Davis

  42. Language Points • Declarative Questions (para.1) • I forgot the milk. • You forgot the milk? (to show surprise, joy etc.) • You realize the risks? (to expect a positive answer) • You think it good? (to show disapproval or sarcasm)

  43. Language Points • In flames (opening remarks) • The car was engulfed in flames. [mass noun] • The dry sticks burst into flame(s). • Sway (para.1): swing from side to side slowly

  44. Language Points • Careen (para.2): rush forward in an uncontrollable way • The truck sways wildly, careening down narrow mountain roads. • A matter of (para.4) • The difference between a white collar worker and a blue collar worker is simply a matter of shirt preference.

  45. Language Points • Purgatory (para.3): • Purgatory is the place where Roman Catholics believe the spirits of dead people are sent to suffer for their sins before they go to heaven. (炼狱) • He's so impatient that waiting in a queue is sheer purgatory for him!

  46. Comprehension Questions • How did people react after the WTC was hit? • What did Mayblum do? • Who was Harry Ramos? • Who was Hong Zhu? • What did Mayblum see on the 78th floor?

  47. Language Points • Off and on (para.7): intermittently • I was still working on and off (off and on) as a waitress to support myself. • He has been working at the book off and on for over 20 years. • Bolt (para.8): start suddenly • He ~ed down a hurried breakfast. • The horse ~ed at the sound of the shot

  48. Language Points • Ankle (para.8) • Sparks (para.8)

  49. Language Points • Transfer lobby (para.9) a room providing space for people to change from one elevator to another