How to Prepare MDG based Plan or Strategy. Yuba Raj Khatiwada United Nations Development Programme MDGI, Regional Centre in Colombo Serving Asia and the Pacific. Developing MDG based Development Strategy MDG Needs Assessment Approach to Planning Methodology and Tools
Yuba Raj Khatiwada
United Nations Development Programme
MDGI, Regional Centre in Colombo
Serving Asia and the Pacific
Step 1: Launching the process with institutional set up
Step 2: Adapt the MDG targets, Review Existing Plans, Establish Baselines
Step 3: Undertaking MDG Needs Assessment and Costing through 2015
Step 4: Developing Macroeconomic Framework, Policies, and Financing Strategy
Step 5: Preparing MDG NA based Development Strategy and drafting 3-5 year Plan to Operationalize it.
Who andwhereare the poor, deprived, and excluded from development process?Identify the population in need; Disaggregate the analysis.
Whatneeds to be done?Focus on public investments (capital & operating costs); Undertake Needs Assessment from now until 2015; Cover goods, services, human resource, infrastructure; Unlock capacity constraints through prioritization of interventions.
How much? Local unit costs of G&S x population in need; Human resources required to meet each benchmark; Infrastructure needs.MDG Needs Assessment Approach to Planning (1)
Ensure pro-poor coverage rates(e.g. universal coverage of essential health services, particular focus on underserved regions)
Adapt financing strategy to the poor(e.g. end of school fees and health user fees, subsidized infrastructure services where necessary)
Identify policies and supporting institutional reforms
Link strategy with budgets / MTEFsMDG Needs Assessment Approach to Planning (2)
Ambition- national targets are at least as ambitious as MDG targets for 2015
Scope- the range of sectors identified is broad enough to achieve all the MDGs
Rigor -for each sector, the strategy is based on a detailed, bottom-up needs assessment
Timeline -the medium term plan/strategy is nested in a long term MDG framework
Financing -sources of financing are determined in line with ensuring access to MDG G &SMDG Needs Assessment Approach to Planning (3)
NA-based planning is typically a bottom-up approach..
Existing policies, plans, strategies, and programs to be reviewed and credible ones incorporated into MDG NA.
Policies having implication for higher or lower public sector engagement -- like creating space for private sector in socio economic services -- to be factored in the NA process.Methodology and Tools (3)
Purpose of MDG-consistent macroeconomic framework:
Sequence of Preparing an MDG Financing Strategy--
MDG Financing Needs
Government MDG expenditures
Domestic resource mobilization
(closed through ODA including debt relief)
Debt service payments
Prioritizing investments and proper estimation of investment based on Needs Assessment.
Setting up mechanism for periodic review of development outcomes-building system for M&E.
Establishing public accountability mechanism-transparent fund, monitorable outputs, public audit.Linking MDG based Planning with MTEF
First Month: Institutional Arrangements
Second Month: Training on MDG NA and Costing
:NA preparatory work
Third-Fifth Months: MDG NA and Costing Exercise
Sixth-Seventh Month: Consolidation of the draft TTF reports