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The Periodic Law. Periodic Table of Elements video. Development of the Periodic Table. Dmitri Mendeleev developed the first periodic table The periodic table is an arrangement of elements according to their chemical and physical properties. Mendeleev’s Periodic Table.
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The Periodic Law Periodic Table of Elements video
Development of the Periodic Table • Dmitri Mendeleev developed the first periodic table • The periodic table is an arrangement of elements according to their chemical and physical properties
Mendeleev’s Periodic Table • Mendeleev arranged the elements according to their atomic masses • The elements followed a pattern of 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 (valence electrons) • video
Questions • Who developed the first periodic table? • What is the periodic table? • What are valence electrons? • How did Mendeleev arrange elements in the first periodic table?
Periodic • Refers to repeating according to a pattern
Questions • Why are the days of the week and the months of the year periodic?
Modern Periodic Tablevideo • Henry Moseley determined the atomic number of the elements • Elements in the modern periodic table are arranged according to atomic numbers • video
Periodic Law • States that the physical and chemical properties of elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers • Properties of elements have some pattern according to their atomic numbers
Questions • What is the major difference between Mendeleev’s periodic table and the modern periodic table?
Columns in the periodic table • Columns of elements are known as groups or families • Elements in a family have similar properties
Rows in the periodic table • The horizontal rows of elements are called periods • The elements in a period do NOT have similar properties
Periods • First element in a period is an active solid • Last element in a period is an inactive gas
Questions • What is the major difference between periods and families? • How are elements in a family similar? • How are elements in a period different?
Element squares in the periodic table • The basic information found in each square of the periodic table : • Atomic number • Chemical symbol • Element name • Atomic mass • video
Elements • Elements are classified as: • Metals • Nonmetals • Metalloids
Questions • What information is found in the squares on the periodic table? • How can an element be classified?
Characteristics of Metals (video) • Good conductors of heat and electricity • Shiny; High melting points • Malleable (bends easily) • Ductile (can be made into wires) • Found on the LEFT of the periodic table
Questions • What is the difference between ductile and malleable? • Where are metals found on the periodic table?
Properties of Nonmetals • Dull • Brittle (hard/ easily broken) • Found on the RIGHT of the periodic table • video
Properties of Metalloids • Has properties of both metals and nonmetals • Found touching the dark, zig-zag line • Metalloid means “metal-like” • video
Questions • What is a metalloid? • Where are metalloids located in the periodic table? • Where are nonmetals located on the periodic table?
Periodic Properties of Elements (Modern Table) • Valence pattern across a period is 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 (left to right) • Metals lose electrons easily • Nonmetals gain electrons easily
Periodic Properties of Elements • The size of the atom decreases from left to right across a period • The metallic properties of elements decrease from left to right across a period • Elements on the left are more reactive than the elements on the right
Questions • What happens to metallic properties as one moves from left to right across a period? • What is the valence pattern of electrons across a period? • video